Sep 22, 2016
For immigrant youth in the United States, higher performance in math is associated with higher quality education in their country of origin, and length of time spent in the U.S.
An important part of our mission is to analyze how the demographic composition of communities and nations affects how health care and education are delivered, the ways cities are planned, and how resources are effectively distributed. RAND Labor and Population informs such decisions through policy-driven demographic research.
At home and abroad, the flow of migrant populations across state and national borders has a profound effect both on immigrants themselves as well as the communities in which they locate. Recent work in this area includes the development of a cost-benefit framework to assess the effects of state immigration policies; an analysis of migration flows across the U.S.-Mexico border; studies of school enrollment, insurance use, and workplace injuries among immigrant groups; and a study of how climate change influences migration decisions.
Demographers at RAND study how families persevere during periods of uncertainty and change, and how social policies can be improved to ensure that all families are economically stable and self-sufficient. This research is enhanced by our large scale survey data collection projects that focus specifically on family issues, including our Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (LAFANS), the Displaced New Orleans Residents Survey, and the new California Socioeconomic Survey—a longitudinal survey of 1,500 low-income families.
The finding neighborhood economic improvement is positively associated with educational attainment for adolescents of all races is consistent across two distinct analytic strategies and two different measures of educational attainment.
After controlling for selected socioeconomic variables, the completed levels of schooling of children whose mothers had died is appreciably lower compared to children whose mothers survived.
In this nationally-representative sample of U.S. adults aged 51 and over, living in a neighborhood in the highest tertile of the percent of adults 65 and older was associated with significantly better cognitive function.
Examination of factors which influence the propensity for newly admitted older immigrants to receive retirement income from abroad, paying particular attention to the effects of region of birth.
This study estimates the proportion of male return migrants aged 50 years and older who reported having contributed to the U.S. social security system, and examines their demographic and migration characteristics.
In this paper, we find strong associations of sibling gender composition of educational accomplishments of both Chinese men and women.
This paper assesses the representativeness of the low-income population in the HRS by using matched SSA administrative data on earnings & beneficiary payments, comparing the resulting distributions to marginal distributions directly from SSA records.
Simulation of means testing benefit schemes showing beneficial effects on poverty and income inequality. Validated with data from a field experiment in Yucatan, Mexico, the simulations provide a good forecast of observed effects in the experiment.
Elderly people in low-income countries are pessimistic about their survival probabilities compared with state-specific life tables, and socioeconomic status influences beliefs about survival expectations.
This report describes a contextual database of demographic, social, economic, housing, cultural, and urbanization measures for U.S. census tracts, counties, and metropolitan statistical areas for use in research.
This paper examines state policies that extend or deny in-state tuition to children of undocumented immigrants in the U.S.
Explores the magnitude of the effects of population aging on aggregate economic growth.
State-level action on immigration policies is a contentious issue. RAND researchers developed a cost-benefit framework for classifying consequences of specific policies and assessed studies of specific policies' fiscal and economic impacts.