National Security: Featured Research

  • Demands and Requirements for Ultra-Light Tactical Mobility

    Apr 2, 2015

    Vehicles such as ATVs and motorcycles, as well as pack animals, are informally classified by the Army as ultra-light tactical mobility (UTM). UTM can potentially increase operational flexibility, but as the Army plans for future use, it should consider likely impact, risks and threats, and emerging technologies in its investment decisions.

  • Reducing Fuel Consumption in the Air Force

    Mar 24, 2015

    Reducing fuel consumption is an ongoing priority for military and civil operators and Air Mobility Command, but what are the cost-effective options to help the Air Force achieve this goal? Experts consider 16 options and recommend six of them based on cost efficiency and ease of implementation.

  • Dispelling Myths About Armed Drones

    Mar 18, 2015

    The use of armed drones has dramatically increased over the past years, raising widespread fears and leading to calls for new arms control efforts and the establishment of international norms. However, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), as they are also known, are fundamentally misunderstood.

  • Past Problems and Future Challenges in the Acquisition of Military Space Systems

    Mar 15, 2015

    Acquiring and deploying space systems in a timely, affordable manner is important to U.S. national security but for years, Department of Defense (DoD) space programs have experienced large cost growth, schedule delays, and technical problems. Lessons learned from past experience should be applied as DoD plans for the next-generation of space systems.

  • Advancing the Careers of Military Spouses

    Jan 27, 2015

    Military spouses face challenges related to military life that can make it difficult for them to maintain and develop careers. The My Career Advancement Account (MyCAA) scholarship is one program designed to help them, but only one in five eligible spouses reported using it.

  • Enhancing Army Airborne Forces

    Jan 26, 2015

    U.S. Army airborne forces could play a pivotal role in key missions in the future, particularly against hybrid threats and in anti-access environments. However, they face serious threats that could become more severe. To overcome these new threats, the airborne force will need new capabilities.

  • Far From Care

    Jan 5, 2015

    How many U.S. military service members and their dependents are remote from behavioral health care, and what effects does this distance have on their access to and use of care? RAND researchers conducted the first comprehensive study of geographically remote service members' and families' access to behavioral health care.

  • Getting to Know Military Caregivers and Their Needs

    Jan 5, 2015

    There are millions of military caregivers—wives, husbands, siblings, parents, and friends—caring for U.S. service members and veterans who are wounded, ill, or injured. These caregivers help their loved ones live better-quality lives, but their own needs may go unmet.

  • Far From Care - Improving Access to Behavioral Health Care for Remote Service Members and Their Families

    Jan 5, 2015

    Studies show that people are less likely to seek care the longer they have to travel to receive it. How many service members and families are remote from behavioral health care? How can access to care be improved?

  • Pre-Deployment Stress, Mental Health, and Help-Seeking Behaviors Among Marines

    Dec 15, 2014

    As part of an evaluation of the Marine Corps Operational Stress Control and Readiness (OSCAR) program, this report describes the methods and findings of a large survey of marines who were preparing for a deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan in 2010 or 2011. The results are among the first to shed light on the pre-deployment mental health status of marines, as well as the social resources they draw on when coping with stress and their attitudes about seeking help for stress-related problems.

  • Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military

    Dec 4, 2014

    In this video briefing, senior behavioral scientists Andrew Morral and Kristie Gore present initial top-line estimates from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study.

  • The Role of Maritime and Air Power in the DoD's Third Offset Strategy

    Dec 2, 2014

    Russia and China have been investing in military modernization programs to blunt the U.S. military's technological edge, fielding advanced aircraft, submarines, and both longer range and more accurate missiles. The DoD's Third Offset Strategy is a much-needed initiative to identify and invest in innovative ways to sustain and advance America's military dominance for the 21st century.

  • Measuring and Retaining the U.S. Army's Deployment Experience

    Nov 18, 2014

    The Army has contributed the bulk of deployed U.S. troops since 9/11, and has accrued substantial deployment experience. How can the U.S. prevent experience from being lost as combat operations conclude, soldiers separate from service, and Regular Army endstrength is reduced?

  • Honoring America's Veterans Requires Helping Their Families, Too

    Nov 11, 2014

    This Veterans Day, the United States especially honors the millions of veterans living with service-related illnesses and injuries. But it's also important to recognize the sacrifices of those helping them to recover and thrive: America's 5.5 million military caregivers.

  • Research Drives Ongoing Support for Veterans

    Nov 10, 2014

    On November 11, we honor the service and sacrifices of America's veterans. But as they return home and adjust to civilian life, veterans and their families face new challenges and communities struggle to meet their unique needs. Rigorous research is essential to addressing these challenges and finding long-term solutions. RAND explores key issues concerning veterans such as employment, health and well-being, family support, and education.

  • How Do Federal Civilian Pay Freezes and Retirement Plan Changes Affect Employee Retention in the Department of Defense?

    Nov 4, 2014

    A new study finds that mandated increases in employee contributions to the federal retirement plan can decrease federal civil service workforce retention by as much as 8.6 percent, while permanent pay freezes decrease the workforce retained by 7.3 percent.

  • The Other Quiet Professionals: Lessons for Future Cyber Forces from the Evolution of Special Forces

    Oct 3, 2014

    Both special operations forces and cyber forces are small teams of highly skilled specialists, and both communities value skilled personnel above all else. What lessons can be drawn from a review of the commonalities, similarities, and differences between U.S. cyber forces and early U.S. special forces?

  • Cost Considerations in Cloud Computing

    Oct 2, 2014

    Until the Department of Defense develops official guidance for cost analysis of cloud and data centers, examining cost drivers for several data management approaches can help guide DoD analysts.

  • How Pay Freezes, Unpaid Furloughs, and Other Compensation Changes Affect Retention in the Federal Civil Service Workforce

    Oct 2, 2014

    Federal employee pay freezes and unpaid furloughs have raised concerns about the ability of the federal civil service to attract and retain personnel. RAND's dynamic retention model has been extended to assess how such actions could affect DoD civil service employment.

  • Closing the Strategy-Policy Gap in Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction

    Sep 24, 2014

    Two presidents have declared counterproliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) a top national priority, but it has not been budgeted or resourced as such. This brief summarizes ground force capacities and capabilities needed to eliminate WMD.