Force Structure and Employment



RAND research on effectively structuring and employing military forces focuses the development of effective security strategies, force employment concepts, and analytic techniques.


RAND research on military strategies and operations is conducted within each of RAND's national security research divisions and collaboratively across the RAND research community.

Key Research Centers:

  • RAND Arroyo Center, the RAND Army Research Division: Strategy, Doctrine and Resources Program
  • RAND Project AIR FORCE: Strategy and Doctrine Program and Aerospace Force Development Program
  • RAND National Security Research Division: International Security and Defense Policy Center
  • Jessica Marie Watkins (second from left) and Donovan Ray Crowl (center), both U.S. veterans who have since been indicted for their roles in the Capitol riot, in Washington, D.C., January 6, 2021, photo by Jim Bourg/Reuters

    Reducing the Risk of Extremist Activity in the U.S. Military

    Sep 16, 2021

    The majority of military personnel are not extremists. But to address their potential exposure to and involvement in extremist activities, commanders who are tasked with combatting extremism could get some support from existing programs that promote diversity and inclusion and prevent violence.

  • U.S. Air Force Brig. Gen. R. Scott Lambe (left), Task Force Southeast Deputy Commanding General, and U.S. Army Col. Larry Dewey (center), Defense Coordinating Officer, Federal Emergency Management Agency Region III, alongside various personnel, asses the Koehler Field House, located at East Stroudsburg University, Stroudsburg, Pa., April 14, 2020, photo by Pfc. Daniel J. Alkana, 22nd Mobile Public Affairs Detachment/U.S. Army

    Running the Joint: Air Force Efforts to Build a Joint Task Force Headquarters

    Jul 13, 2021

    In August 2020, the 9th and 12th Air Force direct-reporting units and wings were integrated to form the 15th Air Force, which is carrying out a mandate to develop the capability to serve as a Joint Task Force Headquarters. Is the 15th Air Force in a position to carry out a joint mission if called on to do so?

  • A convoy of U.S. military vehicles

    Measuring Strategic Readiness

    Jun 15, 2021

    The U.S. Department of Defense asked RAND to provide a method and specific metrics to enable the defense community to more fully answer questions about the nation's readiness to execute the National Defense Strategy. A new report examines the what metrics are needed to assess the nation's ability to respond to conflicts.

Featured Findings Archives

View More Related Force Deployment Publications View More Related Force Planning Publications