Climate Change

Research and Commentary

Climate Change represents one of the most daunting risk management challenges facing humankind. The Pardee Center uses robust decision making (RDM) and other Decision Making Under Deep Uncertainty (DMDU) approaches to address this challenge.

Browse recent research reports, research briefs, journal articles, and commentary on climate change. Looking for something specific? Try searching all RAND published research.


  • Fox Glacier in New Zealand, photo by zodebala/Getty Images

    Journal Article

    Defining the Solution Space to Accelerate Climate Change Adaptation

    Mar 24, 2020

    Decisionmakers need better insights about solutions to accelerate adaptation efforts. Defining the concept of "solution space" and revealing the forces and strategies that influence this space can help accelerate climate change adaptation.

  • A firefighting helicopter makes a water drop on the Getty Fire as it burns in the hills of West Los Angeles, California, October 28, 2019, photo by Gene Blevins/Reuters

    Commentary

    A Climate Scientist's Brush with Wildfire

    Dec 18, 2019

    RAND researcher Robert Lempert was evacuated from the path of a wildfire. This experience emphasized for him the challenges of adapting to climate change, not merely because it is hard, but because it makes the familiar become unfamiliar in unexpected ways.

  • Wooden path with dry and lush landscape on either side, photo by leolintang/Getty Images

    Commentary

    How Voters Can Assess New Climate Plans

    Nov 14, 2019

    While the U.S. government has announced its intention to withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement, most presidential candidates and many states have proposed climate plans of their own. How might voters determine if any of these plans can seriously address climate change?

  • Silhouette of business people work together in office. Concept of teamwork and partnership. double exposure with network effects, photo by alphaspirit/Adobe Stock

    Journal Article

    Pathways to 2050: Scenarios for Decarbonizing the U.S. Economy

    Jun 4, 2019

    Climate change is among the most profound challenges of all time, and the private sector is an essential partner in any decarbonization pathway. Timely business leadership can help ensure choices that are beneficial for both companies and society as a whole.

  • An aerial view of Central Texas homes under water at Graveyard Point neighborhood community in the flood plain of Lake Travis, photo by RoschetzkyIstockPhoto / Getty Images

    Content

    Climate Research at RAND

    May 17, 2019

    RAND researchers have a long history of shedding light on the social and economic implications of a changing climate, its impacts on the natural environment, and the challenges it poses to communities, regions, and our national security.

  • Wind turbines and cows on a field in Scotland, UK

    Journal Article

    Addressing Uncertainty in Developing Long-Term Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Strategies

    Jan 11, 2019

    The Paris Agreement invited countries to establish long-term low greenhouse gas emissions development strategies. These strategies should align with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to zero by the second half of the 21st century. What challenges do nations face when developing long-term strategies?

  • Melting icebergs by the coast of Greenland

    Report

    Deep Decarbonization as a Risk Management Challenge

    Oct 22, 2018

    Deep decarbonization is the idea of reducing net human greenhouse gas emissions to zero in the 21st century. There are three concepts that help explain the full scope of deep decarbonization as a risk management challenge.

  • A view of Earth from outer space

    Report

    Is Climate Restoration an Appropriate Policy Goal?

    Apr 6, 2018

    Climate restoration seeks to return atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases to preindustrial levels within one to two generations. Is this a suitable goal for humanity's response to climate change?

  • Floating ice and iceberg in Antarctic Peninsula

    Commentary

    When It Comes to Climate, Look for Vulnerabilities in Policy, Not Science

    Aug 4, 2017

    Federal policymakers have picked up on the concept of red teaming — actively seeking out one's own vulnerabilities. While red teaming may not make sense for climate science, it does offer great benefits when weighing climate policy options.

  • Aerial view of solar farm in central Texas

    Commentary

    Navigating the Uncertain Path to Decarbonization

    Jul 11, 2017

    Deep decarbonization can reduce the risk of climate change, and it offers opportunities to reimagine energy, transportation, and infrastructure. But it could also fail in many ways. Diverse, independent actors need a shared understanding of its complexity and deep uncertainty to design a solution to this challenge.