Climate Change

Research and Commentary

Climate Change represents one of the most daunting risk management challenges facing humankind. The Pardee Center uses robust decision making (RDM) and other Decision Making Under Deep Uncertainty (DMDU) approaches to address this challenge.

Browse recent research reports, research briefs, journal articles, and commentary on climate change. Looking for something specific? Try searching all RAND published research.


  • Commentary

    Budget Models Are Underselling the Benefits of Solving Climate Problems

    When Congress considers a new law or spending package, analysts calculate its likely impact on the federal budget. When it comes to climate change legislation, those numbers don't capture the whole picture. Potential savings and other benefits get significantly underestimated.

    Nov 15, 2023

  • Project

    Climate-Equity Centered Deliberative Conversations

    Building trust in climate equity projects is crucial for their success and long-term impact. RAND's climate equity-centered deliberative conversations are designed to increase diverse stakeholders’ cultural awareness, interaction, and discussion around these difficult topics.

    Aug 7, 2023

  • Commentary

    Amid Climate Change, These Tech and Policy Experts See Reason for Optimism

    To slow climate change and adapt to the damage already underway, the world will have to shift how it generates and uses energy, transports people and goods, designs buildings, and grows food. That starts with embracing innovation and change.

    Apr 18, 2022

  • Journal Article

    Modeling the Uncertainty of Potential Impacts on Robust Stormwater Management

    Researchers explored the impact of two long-term population growth scenarios for the Pittsburgh region using a method that applies high-spatial resolution population-based scenarios to pre-existing stormwater models.

    Feb 4, 2021

  • Report

    The Benefits and Costs of Decarbonizing Costa Rica's Economy

    Costa Rica set the ambitious goal of becoming carbon-neutral by 2050. An evaluation of the benefits and costs of its National Decarbonization Plan, conducted using Robust Decision Making methods, finds that under most plausible assumptions about the future, the plan would achieve or nearly achieve its goals and do so at a net economic benefit.

    Nov 24, 2020

  • Report

    Managing Heavy Rainfall with Green Infrastructure

    Urban stormwater management is a growing challenge in many U.S. cities. An evaluation of Pittsburgh's Negley Run watershed, an urgent flood-risk challenge, shows investment in green stormwater infrastructure could reduce flooding and provide net positive economic benefits.

    Oct 26, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Defining the Solution Space to Accelerate Climate Change Adaptation

    Decisionmakers need better insights about solutions to accelerate adaptation efforts. Defining the concept of "solution space" and revealing the forces and strategies that influence this space can help accelerate climate change adaptation.

    Mar 24, 2020

  • Commentary

    A Climate Scientist's Brush with Wildfire

    RAND researcher Robert Lempert was evacuated from the path of a wildfire. This experience emphasized for him the challenges of adapting to climate change, not merely because it is hard, but because it makes the familiar become unfamiliar in unexpected ways.

    Dec 18, 2019

  • Commentary

    How Voters Can Assess New Climate Plans

    While the U.S. government has announced its intention to withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement, most presidential candidates and many states have proposed climate plans of their own. How might voters determine if any of these plans can seriously address climate change?

    Nov 14, 2019

  • Journal Article

    Flood Damage Reduction Benefits and Costs in Louisiana's 2017 Coastal Master Plan

    Louisiana's coastwide master plans include substantial investments in coastal restoration and hurricane flood risk reduction over 50 years. Modeling of different future scenarios showed implementing the plans could yield net economic benefit for coastal Louisiana in many plausible future scenarios.

    Oct 23, 2019