Published Research

We disseminate the results of our work as broadly as possible to benefit the public good. Tens of thousands of RAND publications are available as free downloads, dating back to 1946.

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  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Study Strengthening the Fight Against Organised Crime: Assessing the Legislative Framework

    This study looks at three 'tools' that Member States can deploy in the fight against serious and organised crime. The report describes the current state of play and outlines possible policy solutions to address challenges identified.

    Mar 29, 2023

    Emma Louise Blondes, Emma Disley, Shann Hulme, Fook Nederveen, Jirka Taylor, Ilia Gaglio, Antonino Sorrenti, Francesco Calderoni

  • Report

    Report

    Emerging Options for Field-Grade Officer Promotions in the U.S. Air Force

    The Fiscal Year 2019 National Defense Authorization Act established an alternative framework for promotion policies for military officers. The authors examine whether shifting to this framework would be beneficial and how it would be implemented.

    Mar 29, 2023

    Albert A. Robbert, John S. Crown, Agnes Gereben Schaefer, Matthew Walsh, Diana Y. Myers, Anthony Lawrence, Ignacio A. Lara

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Are the Experiences of Those New to Medicare Good from the Start?

    The results of this study provide some assurance that Medicare's onboarding process is effective, and that the care experiences of new enrollees with health care services are broadly similar to those with longer experience in the Medicare program.

    Mar 29, 2023

    Megan K. Beckett, Marc N. Elliott, Katrin Hambarsoomian, Amelia Haviland, Nathan Orr, Katherine Osby, Debra Saliba

  • One person on an Army uniform and one in plain clothes hold papers while standing in front of a table at a job fair. Other people in a mix of Army uniforms and plain clothes are also attending the job fair in the background.

    Report

    Veterans' Employment During Recessions: Veterans' Issues in Focus

    Veterans and nonveterans have different employment support needs and are affected differently by recessions. Understanding these differences can help veterans, employers, policymakers, and veteran-serving organizations prepare for economic shocks.

    Mar 29, 2023

    Daniel Schwam, James V. Marrone

  • Tool

    Tool

    Mid-Atlantic Regional Climate Impacts Summary and Outlook: Winter 2022–2023

    This climate summary aims to inform Mid-Atlantic policymakers and practitioners about winter 2022–2023, regional climate trends, and the upcoming spring season. A tool shows an analysis of how the average number of days per year with cold low temperatures is projected to change in the future.

    Mar 29, 2023

    Krista Romita Grocholski, Michelle E. Miro, Jessica Spaccio, Samantha Borisoff, Arthur T. DeGaetano

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Norway's Next Long-Term Defence Plan: An Allied Perspective

    As Norway contemplates the priorities for its next Long-Term Defence Plan (LTP), it finds itself in a Europe, a NATO, and a global environment that have all changed markedly since the last iteration of the Plan was released in 2020.

    Mar 28, 2023

    James Black, Kristin Thue

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Reflecting on One Year of War: The Role of Non-Military Levers

    One year after Russia's illegal full-scale invasion of Ukraine, this article examines the role of non-military levers (e.g., diplomatic, information, economic) in the conflict so far.

    Mar 28, 2023

    Clara Le Gargasson, James Black

  • Report

    Report

    Optimizing Portfolio-Level Modernization Investment: An Overview of the Aim Point Investment Model (APIM)

    This report introduces the Aim Point Investment Model, which helps decisionmakers allocate portfolio-level resources based on existing Army data sources, subject to constraints on the U.S. Army's ability to employ those resources productively.

    Mar 27, 2023

    Katharina Ley Best, Jeremy M. Eckhause, M. Wade Markel, Nathaniel Edenfield, Duncan Long, Lauren A. Mayer, Tony Nuber, Liam Regan, Michael J. D. Vermeer, Dulani Woods, Emily Yoder

  • Report

    Neurodiversity and National Security: How to Tackle National Security Challenges with a Wider Range of Cognitive Talents

    This report provides research and analysis for national security managers and employees who seek to better understand neurodivergence and neurodiversity and desire simple steps to achieve neurodiverse inclusivity for national security workplaces.

    Mar 27, 2023

    Cortney Weinbaum, Omair Khan, Teresa D. Thomas, Bradley D. Stein

  • Concept of neurodiversity, people's varied talents and skills associated with different brains, illustration by Iryna Spodarenko/Getty Images

    Research Brief

    Why National Security Needs Neurodiversity: Drawing on a Wider Range of Cognitive Talents to Tackle National Security Challenges

    This brief summarizes research and analysis for national security managers and employees who seek to better understand neurodivergence and neurodiversity and desire actionable steps to achieve neurodiverse inclusivity in national security workplaces.

    Mar 27, 2023

    Cortney Weinbaum, Omair Khan, Teresa D. Thomas, Bradley D. Stein

  • Report

    Report

    Opportunities and Risks of 5G Military Use in Europe

    The authors consider U.S. military uses of the fifth-generation technology standard for cellular communications in a notional 2030 time frame, concentrating on a future smart logistics mission in the Baltics and surrounding countries.

    Mar 23, 2023

    Mary Lee, James Dimarogonas, Edward Geist, Shane Manuel, Ryan A. Schwankhart, Bryce Downing

  • Report

    Report

    Data-Enabled Approaches for Enhancing the Air Force Transformational Capability Pipeline

    To aid the Air Force Transformational Capabilities Office, the authors of the report developed a data science tool to extract information from free-text descriptions. They demonstrate the tool and foresight methods in three case studies.

    Mar 23, 2023

    Matthew Walsh, Lance Menthe, Jonathan L. Brosmer, Julie George, Christine Kistler LaCoste, Eric Hastings, Sherrill Lingel, Éder Sousa

  • Report

    Report

    Evaluability Assessment and Evaluation Options for an Elder Abuse Shelter Model

    RAND researchers conducted a formative evaluation and evaluability assessment of the Weinberg Center's EAS in New York and designed three rigorous studies to test the impact of the Elder Abuse Shelter (EAS) model.

    Mar 23, 2023

    Sierra Smucker, Jirka Taylor, Ivy Todd, Emily Hoch, Monique Martineau, Deven Clark, Meagan Cahill, Esther M. Friedman

  • A man exits the Metropolitan Detention Center, which is operated by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Prisons, during the COVID-19 outbreak in Brooklyn, New York, December 8, 2020, photo by Brendan McDermid/Reuters

    Report

    Assessing the Impact of COVID-19 on Prison Education: Survey Results

    The authors examine trends in the coronavirus disease 2019 infection rate for the U.S. state prison population and present the results of their 2022 survey to assess the impact of the pandemic and response efforts on prison system education programs.

    Mar 23, 2023

    Lois M. Davis, Susan Turner, Michelle C. Tolbert, Allison Kirkegaard, Beverly A. Weidmer

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    The Weinberg Center's Elder Abuse Shelter Model: Ready for Impact Evaluation

    RAND researchers conducted a formative evaluation and evaluability assessment of the Weinberg Center’s Elder Abuse Shelter (EAS) in New York and designed three rigorous studies to test the impact of the EAS model.

    Mar 23, 2023

    Sierra Smucker, Jirka Taylor, Ivy Todd, Emily Hoch, Monique Martineau, Deven Clark, Meagan Cahill, Esther M. Friedman

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Changes in Poison Center Calls for Intentional Exposure During Public Health Emergencies: COVID-19 and Winter Storm Uri in Dallas County, Texas

    This study explored changes in the volume of calls to poison control centers for intentional exposures in Dallas County, Texas. Changes in call volume varied by gender and age and increased during the local COVID-19 surge.

    Mar 23, 2023

    Shira H. Fischer, Rachel Landis, Joie D. Acosta, Laura J. Faherty

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin (2nd L), Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu (L), and Chief of the General Staff of Russian Armed Forces Valery Gerasimov (2nd R) watch the Zapad-2017 war games held by Russian and Belarussian servicemen, in the Leningrad region, Russia, September 18, 2017, photo by Mikhail Klimentyev/Sputnik/Kremlin via Reuters

    Report

    The Russian General Staff: Understanding the Military's Decisionmaking Role in a "Besieged Fortress"

    In this report, the authors develop a foundational text for policymakers and warfighters to improve collective understanding of the Russian General Staff, including its capacity to condition Russia's national security decisionmaking process.

    Mar 22, 2023

    Alexis A. Blanc, Alyssa Demus, Sandra Kay Evans, Michelle Grisé, Mark Hvizda, Marta Kepe, Natasha Lander, Krystyna Marcinek

  • Report

    Report

    An Initial Methodology for Evaluating Social Equity Performance in Disaster Mitigation Grants: The Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities Program

    The authors explore how the Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities grant program addresses the greatest natural hazard risks for mitigation (predisaster actions to reduce damage and ease recovery) while also integrating social equity factors.

    Mar 22, 2023

    Melissa L. Finucane, Noreen Clancy, Andrew M. Parker, Jessica Welburn Paige, Karishma V. Patel, Devin Tierney, Michael T. Wilson, Peggy Wilcox, Tucker Reese, Jhacova Williams, Jordan R. Reimer, Thomas Edward Goode, Sam Morales, Alyson Harding

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: March-April 2023

    The cover story describes how K-12 schools can build trust with students to increase threat reporting and strengthen school safety. The Q&A with Ashley Woo explores how restrictions on race- and gender-related topics are affecting teachers.

    Mar 22, 2023

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Implications of Accumulated Cold Time for US Kidney Transplantation Offer Acceptance

    Reducing discard is important for the US transplantation system because nearly 20% of the deceased donor kidneys are discarded. We use logistic regression that includes cold ischemia time, Kidney Donor Risk Index, and other covariates selected from literature.

    Mar 22, 2023

    Masoud Barah, Vikram Kilambi, John J. Friedewald, Sanjay Mehrotra