Published Research

We disseminate the results of our work as broadly as possible to benefit the public good. Explore more than 25,000 RAND publications, most of which are available as free eBook downloads, dating back to 1946.

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  • Illustration of smart transportation, people and vehicles moving in city streets using sensors, photo by elenabsl/Adobe Stock

    Report

    Safe Enough: Approaches to Assessing Acceptable Safety for Automated Vehicles

    RAND researchers analyzed three approaches to assessing the safety of automated vehicles (AVs)—measurements, processes, and thresholds—and how they interact. Researchers also explored the elements of effective communications regarding AV safety.

    Oct 29, 2020

    Marjory S. Blumenthal, Laura Fraade-Blanar, Ryan Best, J. Luke Irwin

  • Flooding in Pittsburgh, photo by Artem S/Getty Images

    Research Brief

    How Can Green Infrastructure Help to Manage Rainfall in an Urban Watershed?

    This brief describes a proposed system of green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) in Pittsburgh's Negley Run watershed, evaluates its potential benefits and costs, and presents recommendations to improve urban stormwater management.

    Oct 29, 2020

    Jordan R. Fischbach, Michael T. Wilson, Craig A. Bond, Ajay K. Kochhar, David Catt, Devin Tierney

  • Classic proportion man in the form of a starry sky or space, consisting of point, line, photo by Adobe Stock/anttoniart

    Report

    The Internet of Bodies: Opportunities, Risks, and Governance

    "Smart" devices are increasingly being used to monitor the human body. The authors examine these technologies; explore benefits, risks, and ethical implications; survey the regulatory landscape; and make recommendations to balance risks and rewards.

    Oct 29, 2020

    Mary Lee, Benjamin Boudreaux, Ritika Chaturvedi, Sasha Romanosky, Bryce Downing

  • Report

    Evaluation of the Ex-Service Personnel in the Criminal Justice System Programme

    Narrated presentation describing a RAND Europe project to evaluate the Ex-Service Personnel in the Criminal Justice System Programme, to understand how projects have helped reduce reoffending and provide support to ex-Service personnel.

    Oct 28, 2020

    Sarah Grand-Clement, Diana Dascalu, Marina Favaro, Kate Cox, Ruth Harris

  • Report

    Report

    The Line Between Disorder and Order: Reflections on RAND's Role in the Evolution of Air Force Logistics Thought and Practice

    This report documents the history of the interactions between RAND Corporation logistics researchers and Air Force leaders over more than 40 years to inform decisions involving logistics planning, programming, and budgeting.

    Oct 28, 2020

    Robert S. Tripp

  • Police conducting a street arrest, photo by Luka Lajst/Getty Images

    Journal Article

    Police Officers, Stigma, and the Opioid Epidemic

    The goal of this exploratory project is to help fill gaps in the literature by empirically measuring levels of explicit provider-based stigma toward persons who use opioids.

    Oct 28, 2020

    Nathan E. Kruis, Jaeyong Choi, Richard H. Donohue

  • Vials of COVID-19 vaccine, photo by MarsBars/Getty Images

    Report

    COVID-19 and the cost of vaccine nationalism

    This report examines the global economic implications of COVID-19 vaccine nationalism and the associated inequitable access to vaccines across countries.

    Oct 28, 2020

    Marco Hafner, Erez Yerushalmi, Clement Fays, Eliane Dufresne, Christian Van Stolk

  • A woman holds a mug and looks out a window. Photo by martin-dm / Getty Images

    Journal Article

    Socioeconomic Status and Well-Being During COVID-19: A Resource-Based Examination

    Longitudinal survey data show that depressive symptoms increased, and life satisfaction decreased, from before to during the COVID-19 pandemic. Those with higher education and higher incomes were most adversely impacted.

    Oct 28, 2020

    Connie R. Wanberg, Borbala Csillag, Richard P. Douglass, Le Zhou, Michael S. Pollard

  • Traffic barriers with a sign reading "Road Closed High Water" on the roadside near Washington Boulevard, Pittsburgh, PA. Photo by Jordan Fischbach / RAND Corporation

    Report

    Managing Heavy Rainfall with Green Infrastructure: An Evaluation in Pittsburgh's Negley Run Watershed

    RAND researchers estimate the potential benefits and costs of a green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) system in Pittsburgh's Negley Run watershed, evaluate a series of GSI investments, and make recommendations to improve urban stormwater management.

    Oct 26, 2020

    Jordan R. Fischbach, Michael T. Wilson, Craig A. Bond, Ajay K. Kochhar, David Catt, Devin Tierney

  • U.S. and North Korean diplomacy depicted by pencils and people running off cliffs to meet in the middle, photo by wildpixel/Getty Images

    Report

    Engagement with North Korea: A Portfolio-Based Approach to Diplomacy

    Following the failure of recent efforts by the United States to engage North Korea in denuclearization negotiations, the author proposed and tested an approach to negotiations, the portfolio method , that addresses the reasons for past failures.

    Oct 26, 2020

    Rafiq Dossani

  • Female hand touching screen of the phone surrounded with social media notification icons, photo by nikolas_stock/AdobeStock

    Journal Article

    Social Media and Influence Operations Technologies: Implications for Great Power Competition

    Russia, China, and the so-called Islamic State are three key U.S. adversaries that have exploited online technologies for propaganda. This chapter reviews the aims, capabilities, and limitations of online propaganda for each of these entities.

    Oct 23, 2020

    Todd C. Helmus

  • Military veteran hugging his daughter in front of his house, photo by SDI Productions/Getty Images

    Report

    Defining High-Quality Care for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Proposed Definition and Next Steps for the Veteran Wellness Alliance

    A rigorously developed, shared definition of high-quality care for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury will help clinical providers and veteran-serving organizations better meet the needs of this population.

    Oct 22, 2020

    Carrie M. Farmer, Lu Dong

  • Group of adults riding bikes together with an American flag attached to the front bike

    Research Brief

    A Shared Definition of High-Quality Care Can Help Veterans Combat Invisible Wounds

    A rigorously developed, shared definition of high-quality care for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and mild traumatic brain injury will help clinical providers and veteran-serving organizations better meet the needs of this population.

    Oct 22, 2020

    Carrie M. Farmer, Lu Dong

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Integration of Well-Being with Resilience and Other Broad Scale Social Change

    This book is a combination of scientific papers, case studies from the field, and excerpts from a lively, multidisciplinary discussion which intentionally connects issues of measurement to the imperative for action.

    Oct 22, 2020

    Anita Chandra

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    The Past, Present, and Future of Russia's Cyber Strategy and Forces

    This article aims to show that there is more continuity than contrast between Russian cyber perspectives and practice.

    Oct 22, 2020

    Bilyana Lilly, Joe Cheravitch

  • Italian air force F-35 and Eurofighter Typhoons fly in formation over Italy during a training mission, courtesy photo, U.S. Air Forces in Europe and Air Forces Africa

    Report

    At the Vanguard: European Contributions to NATO's Future Combat Airpower

    Europe's air forces have the opportunity to make increasingly pronounced contributions to NATO's defense and deterrent posture in combat air campaigns, especially high-intensity operations requiring rapid and large-scale application of airpower.

    Oct 22, 2020

    Anika Binnendijk, Gene Germanovich, Bruce McClintock, Sarah Heintz

  • Report

    Report

    Evaluation of the Ex-Service Personnel in the Criminal Justice System Programme

    RAND Europe was commissioned to evaluate the Ex-Service Personnel in the Criminal Justice System Programme, to understand how projects have helped reduce reoffending and provide support to ex-Service personnel who have come into contact with the CJS.

    Oct 22, 2020

    Sarah Grand-Clement, Diana Dascalu, Marina Favaro, Kate Cox, Ruth Harris

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Framework for a Community Health Observing System for the Gulf of Mexico Region: Preparing for Future Disasters

    We propose the creation of a Gulf of Mexico Community Health Observing System, focused on effects of disasters on the health and well-being of people and their communities.

    Oct 21, 2020

    Paul Sandifer, Landon Knapp, Maureen Lichtveld, Ruth Manley, David Abramson, Rex Caffey, David Cochran, Tracy Collier, Kristie L. Ebi, Lawrence Engel, John Farrington, Melissa L. Finucane, Christine Hale, David Halpern, Emily Harville, Leslie Hart, Yulin Hswen, Barbara Kirkpatrick, Bruce McEwen, Glenn Morris, Raymond L. Orbach, Lawrence Palinkas, Melissa Partyka, Dwayne Porter, Aric A. Prather, Teresa Rowles, Geoffrey Scott, Teresa E. Seeman, Helena Solo-Gabriele, Erik Svendsen, Terry Tincher, Juli Trtanj, Ann Hayward Walker, Rachel Yehuda, Fuyuen Yip, David Yoskowitz, Burton Singer

  • An empty courtroom with judge's gavel in foreground. Photo by imaginima / Getty Images

    Journal Article

    Sentencing Scorecards: Reducing Racial Disparities in Prison Sentences at Their Source

    Scorecards are a common tool for public policy decisionmaking, but none highlight racial disparities in incarceration. We constructed county-level scorecards for racial disparities in incarceration rates for the NY State Permanent Commission on Sentencing.

    Oct 21, 2020

    Greg Ridgeway, Ruth A. Moyer, Shawn David Bushway

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Evaluation Report of the First Three Years (2017-2019) of the Medicare Advantage Value-Based Insurance Design Model Test

    CMMI contracted with the RAND Corporation to evaluate the first three years of the MA VBID model test. This report serves as our second and final evaluation of the first three years of the model test.

    Oct 21, 2020

    Christine Eibner, Dmitry Khodyakov, Erin Audrey Taylor, Christine Buttorff, Courtney Armstrong, Marika Booth, Kathryn E. Bouskill, Matthew Cefalu, Stephanie Dellva, Michael Dworsky, Federico Girosi, Ann C. Haas, Monique Martineau, Blen Eshete-Roesler, Alice Y. Kim, Julie Lai, Afshin Rastegar, Daniel Schwam, Tisamarie Sherry, Shiyuan Zhang