Published Research

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  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Demonstrating Trustworthiness When Collecting and Sharing Genomic Data: Views Across 22 Countries

    We examine how participants from 22 countries perceived the relative value of measures to demonstrate the trustworthiness of those using donated DNA and/or medical information.

    Feb 10, 2022

    Richard Milne, Katherine I. Morley, Mohamed A. Almarri, Shamim Anwer, Jerome Atutornu, Elena E. Baranova, Paul Bevan, Maria Cerezo, Yali Cong, Alessia Costa, Christine Critchley, Josepine Fernow, Peter Goodhand, Qurratulain Hasan, Aiko Hibino, Gry Houeland, Heidi Howard, S. Zakir Hussain, Charlotta Ingvoldstad Malmgren, Vera L. Izhevskaya, Aleksandra Jedrzejak, Cao Jinhong, Megumi Kimura, Erika Kleiderman, Brandi Leach, Keying Liu, Deborah Mascalzoni, Álvaro Mendes, Jusaku Minari, Dianne Nicol, Emilia Niemiec, Christine Patch, Jack Pollard, Barbara Prainsack, Marie Rivière, Lauren Robarts, Jonathan Roberts, Virginia Romano, Haytham A. Sheerah, James Cuthbert Smith, Alexandra Soulier, Claire Steed, Vigdís Stefànsdóttir, Cornelia Tandre, Adrian Thorogood, Torsten H. Voigt, Nan Wang, Anne V. West, Go Yoshizawa, Anna Middleton

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Members of the Public in the USA, UK, Canada and Australia Expressing Genetic Exceptionalism Say They Are More Willing to Donate Genomic Data

    This paper examines how acceptance of data sharing pertains to the perceived similarities and differences between DNA and other forms of personal data.

    Feb 10, 2022

    Anna Middleton, Richard Milne, Heidi Howard, Emilia Niemiec, Lauren Robarts, Christine Critchley, Dianne Nicol, Barbara Prainsack, Jerome Atutornu, Danya Vears, James Cuthbert Smith, Claire Steed, Paul Bevan, Erick R. Scott, Jason Bobe, Peter Goodhand, Erika Kleiderman, Adrian Thorogood, Katherine I. Morley

  • Brochure

    Brochure

    Roadmap of Scalable Analytic Methods

    Scalable analytic methods refers to a collection of data-intensive methods, including artificial intelligence, machine learning, big data, and data science. This infographic illustrates how these methods relate to traditional analytical approaches.

    Feb 9, 2022

    Osonde A. Osoba, Carter C. Price, Dave Baiocchi, Michelle Bongard, Karen Lee, Margaret Chamberlin

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Fit for Duty: Alternative Approaches for Determining Department of Defense Disability Compensation

    RAND researchers evaluated four hypothetical alternative U.S. Department of Defense disability compensation approaches that would support a simpler disability evaluation process by reducing reliance on disability ratings.

    Feb 9, 2022

    Stephanie Rennane, Beth J. Asch, Michael G. Mattock, Heather Krull, Douglas C. Ligor, Michael Dworsky, Jonas Kempf

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Nationally Representative Sample Shows an Increase in Domestic Conflict Early in the COVID-19 Pandemic

    The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and associated social distancing increased stressors related to risk for domestic conflict, but increases in domestic conflict early in the pandemic have yet to be studied in community samples.

    Feb 9, 2022

    Alicia Revitsky Locker, Melissa L. Finucane, Elizabeth Roth, Katherine Grace Carman, Joshua Breslau

  • Report

    Report

    Payment of the Full Rate of Special and Incentive Pays to Members of the Reserve Components

    In this report, the authors consider the feasibility and advisability of paying eligible part-time members of the reserve component the same full monthly rate of special and incentive pays that full-time active component members receive.

    Feb 9, 2022

    James V. Marrone, Michael G. Mattock, Beth J. Asch, Hannah Acheson-Field

  • Report

    Report

    Reimagining Defense Advisory Boards: Lessons Learned for Leaders in the U.S. Department of Defense

    RAND Corporation researchers embarked on this exploratory study to reveal lessons learned for how the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) can improve its use of advisory boards.

    Feb 9, 2022

    Cortney Weinbaum, Diana Y. Myers, William Shelton

  • Visualization

    Visualization

    American School District Panel Interactive Survey Results Tool: Fall 2021 COVID-19 Survey Results

    This tool allows users to compare district leaders' responses to each question in the fall 2021 survey. Charts display results for all respondents and by district type, locale, student race/ethnicity, and district poverty level.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Gerald P. Hunter, Melissa Kay Diliberti, Heather L. Schwartz

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Validity Evidence Supporting Use of Anchoring Vignettes to Measure Teaching Practice

    This paper addresses two potential drawbacks of survey self-report measures: variation in teachers' interpretation of response scales and their interpretation of survey questions.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Julia H. Kaufman, John Engberg, Laura S. Hamilton, Kun Yuan, Heather C. Hill

  • A woman says goodbye to her partner as she holds their 5-year-old daughter at San Quentin state prison in San Quentin, California, June 8, 2012, photo by Lucy Nicholson/Reuters

    Report

    Programs for Incarcerated Parents: Preliminary Findings from a Pilot Survey

    The researchers explored the landscape of prison-based programs for incarcerated parents and considered the extent to which programs sought to mitigate the effects of policies and practices that disproportionately affect Black and Latinx families.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Dionne Barnes-Proby, Celia J. Gomez, Monica Williams, Matt Strawn, Isabel Leamon

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    The Culture of Alcohol in the U.S. Military: Correlations With Problematic Drinking Behaviors and Negative Consequences of Alcohol Use

    This paper uses data from the 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Duty service members to explore associations between alcohol culture and excessive alcohol use, serious consequences, risky driving behaviors, and productivity loss.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Sarah O. Meadows, Robin L. Beckman, Charles C. Engel, Diana D. Jeffery

  • Report

    Report

    Technical Documentation for the Fourth American School District Panel Survey

    This report provides technical information about the November 2021 survey of the American School District Panel. The authors describe districts' characteristics and the weighting process that was used to produce nationally representative estimates.

    Feb 8, 2022

    David Grant, Claude Messan Setodji, Gerald P. Hunter, Melissa Kay Diliberti

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Assessment of Patient Preferences for Telehealth in Post-COVID-19 Pandemic Health Care

    Most adults in this survey study were willing to use video visits for nonemergency care but preferred in-person care, suggesting that patient preferences will help define telehealth's role in US health care after the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Zachary Predmore, Elizabeth Roth, Joshua Breslau, Shira H. Fischer, Lori Uscher-Pines

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Organizational and Geographic Nursing Home Characteristics Associated With Increasing Prevalence of Resident Obesity in the United States

    The objective of this study was to examine the associations between nursing home obesity prevalence rate and nursing home organizational, staffing, resident, and geographic factors within a profit maximization framework.

    Feb 8, 2022

    John Alexander Harris, John Engberg, Nicholas G. Castle

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Nurse Aide Retention in Nursing Homes

    The research presented provides information on nurse aide retention in nursing homes as a workforce challenge and its impact on quality.Retention may be an additional staffing characteristic of nursing facilities with policy and practice relevance.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Nicholas G. Castle, Kathryn Hyer, John Alexander Harris, John Engberg

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Nursing Home Patient Safety Culture Perceptions Among US and Immigrant Nurses

    This study compared the PSC perceptions of foreign and domestic born and trained nurses working in urban NHs in 5 states to analyze how nurses' patient safety culture perceptions corresponded to their personal and professional characteristics.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Laura M. Wagner, Barbara L. Brush, Nicholas G. Castle, John Engberg, Elizabeth A. Capezuti

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Blockship Tactics to Trap Enemy Fleets

    The U.S. Navy should initiate a blockship program to counter potential threats.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Scott Savitz

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Loneliness and Multiple Health Domains: Associations Among Emerging Adults

    We examine associations of loneliness with physical, behavioral, and health behavior outcomes, and investigate moderating effects by sex, race/ethnicity, and sexual/gender minority status.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Lilian Perez, Daniel Siconolfi, Wendy M. Troxel, Joan S. Tucker, Rachana Seelam, Anthony Rodriguez, Regina A. Shih, Elizabeth J. D'Amico

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Alcohol Use and Cannabis Use Trajectories and Sexual/Gender Minority Disparities in Young Adulthood

    At the same levels of alcohol/cannabis use from middle school through young adulthood, SGM individuals show disparities in multiple domains compared to non-SGM peers. Efforts to reduce substance use and structural disadvantages experienced by SGM youths are needed.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Michael Stephen Dunbar, Daniel Siconolfi, Anthony Rodriguez, Rachana Seelam, Jordan P. Davis, Joan S. Tucker, Elizabeth J. D'Amico

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Trends In Home Care Versus Nursing Home Workforce Sizes: Are States Converging Or Diverging Over Time?

    Since 2009, most states have increased the size of their home care workforces and decreased the size of their nursing home workforces, but there is substantial variation across states. More targeted efforts may be needed to ensure that people with disabling conditions can have their needs met in their desired setting across the nation.

    Feb 8, 2022

    Esther M. Friedman, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Teague Ruder, Daniel Siconolfi, Regina A. Shih