Researchers investigated whether the U.S. Air Force can improve its ability to recruit leaders and team members who are likely to be successful in a joint environment and whether current practices are aligned with this goal.
Feb 22, 2024
Lisa M. Harrington, Caitlin Lee, Sandra Kay Evans, Sean Mann, Hannah Acheson-Field, Bart E. Bennett, Wenjing Huang, Barbara Bicksler, Katherine Barlow
The authors present findings, recommendations, and a prototype framework for deciding which readiness building activities and assignment policies could be employed to prepare U.S. Air Force medical personnel for casualties in time of war.
Feb 21, 2024
Lisa M. Harrington, Edward W. Chan, Carl Berdahl, Matthew Walsh, Sean Mann, Jonah Kushner, Shreyas Bharadwaj, Mark Toukan, Thomas Goughnour
Mental health inequalities continue to persist among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) people. This study analyzes the association of social network characteristics with depression and anxiety among a sample of urban AI/AN emerging adults.
Feb 21, 2024
Daniel Dickerson, Elizabeth J. D'Amico, David P. Kennedy, Ryan Andrew Brown, David J. Klein, Kathy Etz, Carrie L. Johnson, George Funmaker, Virginia Arvizu-Sanchez, Nipher Malika
Older people express higher life satisfaction despite worse health, which is called the "Paradox of well-being." The paper shows the resolution of the paradox: individuals with higher life satisfaction live longer.
This paper analyzes the health status of successive cohorts of 54- to 60-year-old U.S. individuals born between 1934 and 1959, and uses a rich set of health indicators to forecast trends and inequalities in life expectancies.
This paper examines trends in health inequalities between 1992 and 2016, observed at various ages between 55 and 89, which may serve as an early indicator for the future evolution of mortality inequalities.
This paper analyzes how computerization affected the labor market outcomes of older workers between 1984 and 2017. Older workers started using computers later than younger workers, leading to a temporary decrease in wages and employment.
Botswana has an adult HIV prevalence of 20.8% and annual incidence of 0.2%. We aimed to evaluate current practices and advance recommendations for treatment partners (informal adherence supporters) for people with HIV in Botswana.
Feb 21, 2024
Laura M. Bogart, Nthabiseng Phaladze, Keonayang Kgotlaetsile, Kathy Goggin, Mosepele Mosepele
Clinical excellence awards represent substantial public spending and thus far the deployment of these funds has lacked a strong evidence base. We developed a new scoring system in a robust manner which shows improvements over current arrangements.
Feb 21, 2024
Gary A. Abel, Rob Froud, Emma Pitchforth, Bethan Treadgold, Lucy Hocking, Jon Sussex, Marc N. Elliott, John Campbell
This paper describes how a combined maritime force of international coast guards and maritime law enforcement agencies under U.S. Coast Guard leadership might institute a shared vision focused on enforcing maritime law and international norms.
This brief provides insight into the financial, physical, and mental health of veteran single parents who are enrolled in higher education and recommendations on policies and programs that can better support veteran single parents and their children.
Feb 20, 2024
Stacey Yi, Sierra Smucker, Teague Ruder, Coreen Farris
This chapter surveys recent research on mortality and health expectations, such as nursing home use, out-of-pocket medical expenditures, substance use, dementia, cancer, HIV infections, and other health outcomes.
This viewpoint reviews the current offerings and reimbursement landscape of virtual doula services and discusses the advantages and limitations of virtual doula services and their potential to address the maternal health crisis.
This article uses data collected during COVID-19 from 2,214 community caregivers in the United States before vaccination. We assessed caregivers' reports of perceived lost and reduced network support and test for associations with lost support.
Feb 19, 2024
David P. Kennedy, Esther M. Friedman, Allison Kirkegaard, Sarah E Edgington, Regina A. Shih
This study evaluates the effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, coherence and EU Added Value of Directive 2011/36/EU on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings (THB) and protecting its victims.
Feb 16, 2024
Emma Louise Blondes, Michaela Bruckmayer, Sara d'Auria, Emma Disley, Julia Doyle, Fook Nederveen, Ilia Gaglio, Paola Parisi, Antonino Sorrenti
The Water Quality Board of the International Joint Commission analyzed environmental, economic, social, political, and technological trends to identify four scenarios that describe trajectories for the Great Lakes region over the next 30 years.
Feb 16, 2024
John F. Bratton, Michael T. Wilson, Michelle E. Miro, Chelsie Boles, Michelle Platz, Jeremy Grush