Published Research

We disseminate the results of our work as broadly as possible to benefit the public good. Tens of thousands of RAND publications are available as free downloads, dating back to 1946.

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  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Best Practices in Statistical Computing

    In this paper, we describe the key steps for implementing a code quality assurance process that researchers can follow to improve their coding practices throughout a project to assure the quality of the final data, code, analyses, and results.

    Dec 8, 2021

    Ricardo Sanchez, Beth Ann Griffin, Joseph D. Pane, Daniel F. McCaffrey

  • Multimedia

    The U.S. Army's Role in the Pacific Theater: A Panel Discussion with General Charles A. Flynn

    General Charles A. Flynn, head of the U.S. Army Pacific, says that the nation's land force provides two distinct values in a maritime region: (1) supporting allies and partners and (2) providing enabling capabilities to the Joint Force.

    Dec 6, 2021

    Charles A. Flynn, Sally Sleeper, Jennifer Kavanagh, Michael J. Mazarr, Jennifer D. P. Moroney

  • Cover slide of PTA134-1 displaying notepads in front of chalkboard, photo by karandaev/Adobe Stock


    The Rise of Standards-Aligned Materials for English Language Arts and Math Instruction: Findings from the American Instructional Resources Survey

    Experts from the RAND Corporation and EdReports share new data from a national teacher survey during this one-hour webinar on some factors that may be leading to increases in use of standards-aligned instructional materials across the United States.

    Dec 2, 2021

    Julia H. Kaufman, Sy Doan, Eric Hirsch

  • U.S. President Joe Biden speaks virtually with Chinese leader Xi Jinping from the White House, November 15, 2021, photo by Jonathan Ernst/Reuters


    A Guide to Extreme Competition with China

    The U.S.-China competitive dynamic is at a critical crossroads. Policymakers can benefit from a new framework for thinking about this challenge and realistic and actionable recommendations that are sensitive to the limits of U.S. competitiveness.

    Dec 1, 2021

    Christopher Paul, James Dobbins, Scott W. Harold, Howard J. Shatz, Rand Waltzman, Lauren Skrabala

  • Report


    Building Military Coalitions: Lessons from U.S. Experience

    This report describes factors that seem to be associated with U.S. decisions to use coalitions for military interventions, factors that drive partner states to join such coalitions, and factors that shape the success of military coalitions.

    Nov 30, 2021

    Jennifer Kavanagh, Samuel Absher, Nathan Chandler, Ariane M. Tabatabai, Jeffrey Martini, Sebastian Joon Bae, Hannah Jane Byrne, Michael Shurkin

  • A graphic that illustrates Getting To Outcomes® as a roadmap.


    Getting to Outcomes® Training Videos for Air Force Community Action Planning

    These presentations consist of a set of videos that explain how U.S. Air Force Community Action Teams can use Getting To Outcomes® (GTO) to build a Community Action Plan (CAP).

    Nov 24, 2021

    Amy L. Shearer, Laurie T. Martin, Patricia A. Ebener, Joie D. Acosta, Sarah Zelazny, Alicia Revitsky Locker, Matthew Chinman

  • Seated female therapist wearing a mask, holding a clipboard, and facing her client, photo by SDI Productions/Getty Images

    Journal Article

    Assessment of State and Federal Health Policies for Opioid Use Disorder Treatment During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond

    Researchers summarize the multitude of ways access to and utilization of treatment for individuals with OUD might have been expanded by state and federal policy during COVID-19 pandemic in 4 key areas: telehealth, privacy, licensing, and medication.

    Nov 23, 2021

    Seema Choksy Pessar, Anne E. Boustead, Yimin Ge, Rosanna Smart, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula

  • Encampment of tents with American flags in Los Angeles, photo by Bethany/Adobe Stock


    Twenty-Six Veterans: A Longitudinal Case Study of Veterans Experiencing Homelessness in Los Angeles, 2019–2020

    In this report, the authors describe a longitudinal study conducted in 2019/2020 that recruited 26 veterans experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles and followed them monthly for a year to learn about their experiences finding housing.

    Nov 11, 2021

    Sarah B. Hunter, Benjamin F. Henwood, Rajeev Ramchand, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Rick Garvey

  • Report

    European Strategic Autonomy in Defence: Transatlantic visions and implications for NATO, US and EU relations

    This study examines the meaning of European strategic autonomy in defence and its implications for the U.S., NATO and US-EU relations using a scenario methodology and transatlantic expert consultation.

    Nov 9, 2021

    Lucia Retter, Stephanie Pezard, Stephen J. Flanagan, Gene Germanovich, Sarah Grand-Clement, Pauline Paillé

  • Close up from behind of a little girl holding her soldier parent's hand, photo by SDI Productions/Getty Images


    Access to Health Care Among TRICARE-Covered Children

    Analyses of survey data allow a comparison between children with TRICARE and other types of insurance, as well as between children who have changed addresses more and less frequently and children with special health care needs and those without.

    Nov 8, 2021

    Joachim O. Hero, Courtney A. Gidengil, Nabeel Qureshi, Terri Tanielian, Carrie M. Farmer

  • Periodical


    RAND Review: November-December 2021

    The cover story highlights how RAND is helping to redefine high-quality care for service members with a TBI or PTSD. The Q&A with two Marines who work at RAND sheds light on how their military service informs their research and analysis.

    Nov 1, 2021

  • Report


    Classifying acts of violence: Understanding how acts of violence are classified by subject matter experts

    RAND Europe was commissioned to conduct a study on how acts of violence are classified by different subject matter experts. The findings demonstrate ongoing difficulties in classifying acts of violence and inform recommendations for policymakers.

    Oct 27, 2021

    Sarah Grand-Clement, Diana Dascalu, Ruth Harris, Ben Baruch

  • Patient meets with doctor using Telehealth


    Telehealth in the COVID-19 Era

    RAND Australia and the University of Sydney hosted a webinar with health experts from Australia and the United States to discuss recent increases in the use of telehealth.

    Oct 18, 2021

    Ateev Mehrotra, Lori Uscher-Pines, Rachel O. Reid, Len Gray, Teresa Anderson

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Cost Analysis of a Randomized Trial of Getting to Outcomes Implementation Support for a Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program Offered in Boys and Girls Clubs in Alabama and Georgia

    This study estimated the cost of adding Getting To Outcomes implementation support to a teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection prevention evidence-based program called Making Proud Choices in 32 Boys and Girls Clubs in Alabama and Georgia.

    Oct 13, 2021

    Patricia M. Herman, Matthew Chinman, Patricia A. Ebener, Patrick S. Malone, Joie D. Acosta

  • Close up of a person pouring prescription pills into a hand, photo by Rattankun Thongbun/Getty Images

    Journal Article

    Claims-based Measures of Prescription Opioid Utilization: A Practical Guide for Researchers

    We reviewed medical literature for recent studies that use claims data to construct opioid utilization measures, then developed a guide for researchers regarding opioid utilization measures and measure definitions, and how these may influence study results.

    Sep 30, 2021

    Sara E. Heins, Christine Buttorff, Courtney Armstrong, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula

  • Russian soldiers man a checkpoint near the Georgian village of Kekhvi in breakaway South Ossetia, August 21, 2008, photo by Vasily Fedosenko/Reuters


    Anticipating Adversary Military Interventions

    The authors explore where, how, and how often U.S. adversaries (specifically, Russia, China, and Iran) have intervened militarily since 1946 and identify why these adversaries initiated military interventions and why they might do so in the future.

    Sep 27, 2021

    Jennifer Kavanagh, Bryan Frederick, Nathan Chandler, Samuel Charap, Timothy R. Heath, Ariane M. Tabatabai, Edward Geist, Christian Curriden

  • Naval personnel from China's base in Djibouti, participate in a military parade in Djibouti City


    China's Military Interventions: Patterns, Drivers, and Signposts

    China has undertaken two broad types of military interventions in its post-1949 history. The authors assess which one of two patterns is likely to predominate in China's future and on what factors the answer to this question is likely to depend.

    Sep 27, 2021

    Timothy R. Heath, Christian Curriden, Bryan Frederick, Nathan Chandler, Jennifer Kavanagh

  • An Iranian Army soldier gestures during an exercise in Fars province in 2020


    Iran's Military Interventions: Patterns, Drivers, and Signposts

    In this report, the authors assess when, where, why, and how Iran conducts military interventions and identify key signposts of Iranian military interventions that can be used as early warning indicators for U.S. military planners.

    Sep 27, 2021

    Ariane M. Tabatabai, Nathan Chandler, Bryan Frederick, Jennifer Kavanagh

  • Russian soldiers aboard an armoured vehicle in western Georgia in AUgust of 2008


    Russia's Military Interventions: Patterns, Drivers, and Signposts

    Despite Russia's relatively small global economic footprint, it has engaged in more interventions than any other U.S. competitor since 1991. In this report, the authors assess when, where, and why Russia conducts military interventions.

    Sep 27, 2021

    Samuel Charap, Edward Geist, Bryan Frederick, John J. Drennan, Nathan Chandler, Jennifer Kavanagh