Published Research

We disseminate the results of our work as broadly as possible to benefit the public good. Explore more than 26,000 RAND publications, most of which are available as free eBook downloads, dating back to 1946.

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  • Game pieces atop stacks of coins of various heights, depicting income inequity, photo by Andrii Zastrozhnov/Getty Images

    Research Brief

    A New Approach to Measuring Income Inequality Over Recent Decades

    RAND researchers identified a new, intuitive way to measure income inequality and compare income growth over time.

    Apr 29, 2021

    Carter C. Price, Kathryn A. Edwards

  • A compilation of three images: Spasskaya Tower in Moscow, photo by Сергей Шармаков/Getty Images/iStockphoto; Great Hall of the People in Beijing: Spondylolithesis/Getty Images/iStockphoto; and a COVID-19 virus, image by BlackJack3D/Getty Images/iStockphoto. Design by Rick Penn-Kraus/RAND Corporation

    Report

    Superspreaders of Malign and Subversive Information on COVID-19: Russian and Chinese Efforts Targeting the United States

    This report, part of the Truth Decay initiative, is one in a series describing malign and subversive information efforts related to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) that Russian and Chinese outlets appear to have used to target U.S. audiences.

    Apr 29, 2021

    Miriam Matthews, Katya Migacheva, Ryan Andrew Brown

  • Network illustrations depicting online conspiracy theories, images by miakievy and Cecilia Escudero/Getty Images

    Report

    Detecting Conspiracy Theories on Social Media: Improving Machine Learning to Detect and Understand Online Conspiracy Theories

    Using linguistic and rhetorical theory, researchers developed an improved model of machine-learning technology to detect conspiracy theory language. This report describes the results and suggests ways to counter effects of online conspiracy theories.

    Apr 29, 2021

    William Marcellino, Todd C. Helmus, Joshua Kerrigan, Hilary Reininger, Rouslan I. Karimov, Rebecca Ann Lawrence

  • Denise Gregory, a staff member at Crown Heights Center for Nursing and Rehabilitation, a nursing home facility, receives the COVID-19 vaccine from Walgreens Pharmacist Annette Marshall, in Brooklyn, New York, December 22, 2020, photo by Yuki Iwamura/Reuters

    Multimedia

    COVID-19 Vaccine Liability and Compensation in the United States

    This RAND Corporation virtual event explored how those who believe that they have been injured by COVID-19 vaccines in the United States can seek compensation and how the two federal compensation systems for people harmed by vaccines differ.

    Apr 29, 2021

    Lloyd Dixon, Kenneth R. Feinberg, Nicholas M. Pace, Paul Rheingold

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Longitudinal Associations of Sleep Problems with Alcohol and Cannabis Use from Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood

    This study examined longitudinal associations of sleep problems with alcohol and cannabis use across six annual waves of data from adolescence to emerging adulthood.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Wendy M. Troxel, Anthony Rodriguez, Rachana Seelam, Joan S. Tucker, Regina A. Shih, Lu Dong, Elizabeth J. D'Amico

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Opioid Misuse During Late Adolescence and Its Effects on Risk Behaviors, Social Functioning, Health, and Emerging Adult Roles

    We examined the association of opioid misuse from ages 18 to 20 with four domains at age 21–22: risk behaviors and consequences; health; social functioning; and emerging adult roles.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Elizabeth J. D'Amico, Jordan P. Davis, Joan S. Tucker, Rachana Seelam, Bradley D. Stein

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial of a Text Messaging-Based Intervention for Smoking Cessation Among Young People Experiencing Homelessness

    This is the first study to evaluate the feasibility of using a text messaging-based intervention (TMI) for behavior change with 18–25 year olds experiencing homelessness, and the first to test a TMI to provide ongoing support for smoking cessation.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Joan S. Tucker, Sebastian Linnemayr, Eric R. Pedersen, William G. Shadel, Rushil Zutshi, Maria DeYoreo, Irineo Cabreros

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Effects of Park-Based Interventions on Health-Related Outcomes: A Systematic Review

    Using adapted methods from the Community Guide, a systematic review (search period through September 2019) was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of park-based interventions among adults.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Kathryn Pitkin Derose, Deshira Wallace, Bing Han, Deborah A. Cohen

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Examination of Mediators and Moderators to Understand How and in What Context Game Changers Increases HIV Prevention Advocacy Among Persons Living With HIV in Uganda

    These findings highlight the importance of helping PLWH cope with self-stigma and gain comfort with disclosure, as well as the potential influence of network support, trustworthiness, connectedness, and stigmatization on engagement in prevention advocacy.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Glenn Wagner, Laura M. Bogart, David J. Klein, Harold D. Green, Andrew Kambugu, Joan Nampiima, Joseph K. Matovu

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    A Framework for Complex Climate Change Risk Assessment

    In this perspective, we present a framework for three categories of increasingly complex climate change risk that focus on interactions among the multiple drivers of risk, as well as among multiple risks.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Nicholas P. Simpson, Katharine J. Mach, Andrew Constable, Jeremy Hess, Ryan Hogarth, Mark Howden, Judy Lawrence, Robert J. Lempert, Veruska Muccione, Brendan Mackey, Mark G. New, Brian C. O'Neill, Friederike Otto, Hans-O. Portner, Andy Reisinger, Debra Roberts, Daniela N. Schmidt, Sonia Senevirante, Steven Strongin, Maarten van Aalst, Edmond Totin, Christopher H. Trisos

  • An individual in the fatigues worn by U.S. Marines holding a cigarette and hamburger

    Research Brief

    2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey: Substance Use Among the Reserve Component

    The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This brief reviews results for substance use among reserve component members, particularly use of alcohol, tobacco, and medication.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Sarah O. Meadows, Charles C. Engel, Rebecca L. Collins, Robin L. Beckman, Joshua Breslau, Erika Litvin Bloom, Michael Stephen Dunbar, Marylou Gilbert, David Grant, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Sarah MacCarthy, Eric R. Pedersen, Michael W. Robbins, Adam J. Rose, Jamie Ryan, Terry L. Schell, Molly M. Simmons

  • A nurse assigned to the hospital ship USNS Comfort takes a man's blood pressure

    Research Brief

    2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey: Summary Findings and Policy Implications for the Active Component

    The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This brief summarizes results for broad topics of the survey, such as substance use and mental health, among active component members.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Sarah O. Meadows, Charles C. Engel, Rebecca L. Collins, Robin L. Beckman, Joshua Breslau, Erika Litvin Bloom, Michael Stephen Dunbar, Marylou Gilbert, David Grant, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Sarah MacCarthy, Eric R. Pedersen, Michael W. Robbins, Adam J. Rose, Jamie Ryan, Terry L. Schell, Molly M. Simmons

  • A patient speaks to an Army psychiatrist

    Research Brief

    2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey: Mental and Emotional Health Among the Active Component

    The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This brief reviews results for mental and emotional health among active component members.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Sarah O. Meadows, Charles C. Engel, Rebecca L. Collins, Robin L. Beckman, Joshua Breslau, Erika Litvin Bloom, Michael Stephen Dunbar, Marylou Gilbert, David Grant, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Sarah MacCarthy, Eric R. Pedersen, Michael W. Robbins, Adam J. Rose, Jamie Ryan, Terry L. Schell, Molly M. Simmons

  • An Air Force OB/GYN physician holds a model of the female reproductive organs

    Research Brief

    2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey: Sexual Behavior and Health Among the Reserve Component

    The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This brief reviews results for sexual behavior and health among reserve component members.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Sarah O. Meadows, Charles C. Engel, Rebecca L. Collins, Robin L. Beckman, Joshua Breslau, Erika Litvin Bloom, Michael Stephen Dunbar, Marylou Gilbert, David Grant, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Sarah MacCarthy, Eric R. Pedersen, Michael W. Robbins, Adam J. Rose, Jamie Ryan, Terry L. Schell, Molly M. Simmons

  • Two U.S. Air Force mental health professionals talk in a hospital reception area

    Research Brief

    2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey: Mental and Emotional Health Among the Reserve Component

    The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This brief reviews results for mental and emotional health among reserve component members.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Sarah O. Meadows, Charles C. Engel, Rebecca L. Collins, Robin L. Beckman, Joshua Breslau, Erika Litvin Bloom, Michael Stephen Dunbar, Marylou Gilbert, David Grant, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Sarah MacCarthy, Eric R. Pedersen, Michael W. Robbins, Adam J. Rose, Jamie Ryan, Terry L. Schell, Molly M. Simmons

  • Sailors assigned to the amphibious assault ship USS Iwo Jima (LHD 7) perform knee-blockers during command physical training at Naval Station Mayport

    Research Brief

    2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey: Physical Health and Functional Limitations Among the Active Component

    The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This brief reviews results for physical health and functional limitations among active component members.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Sarah O. Meadows, Charles C. Engel, Rebecca L. Collins, Robin L. Beckman, Joshua Breslau, Erika Litvin Bloom, Michael Stephen Dunbar, Marylou Gilbert, David Grant, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Sarah MacCarthy, Eric R. Pedersen, Michael W. Robbins, Adam J. Rose, Jamie Ryan, Terry L. Schell, Molly M. Simmons

  • A U.S. Coast Guard technician performs a shoulder ultrasound

    Research Brief

    2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Among the Reserve Component

    The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This brief reviews results for health promotion and disease prevention among reserve component members.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Sarah O. Meadows, Charles C. Engel, Rebecca L. Collins, Robin L. Beckman, Joshua Breslau, Erika Litvin Bloom, Michael Stephen Dunbar, Marylou Gilbert, David Grant, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Sarah MacCarthy, Eric R. Pedersen, Michael W. Robbins, Adam J. Rose, Jamie Ryan, Terry L. Schell, Molly M. Simmons

  • An airman sits before a table filled with empty alcohol containers

    Research Brief

    2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey: Substance Use Among the Active Component

    The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This brief reviews results for substance use among active component members, particularly use of alcohol, tobacco, and medication.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Sarah O. Meadows, Charles C. Engel, Rebecca L. Collins, Robin L. Beckman, Joshua Breslau, Erika Litvin Bloom, Michael Stephen Dunbar, Marylou Gilbert, David Grant, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Sarah MacCarthy, Eric R. Pedersen, Michael W. Robbins, Adam J. Rose, Jamie Ryan, Terry L. Schell, Molly M. Simmons

  • Airmen sleep on cots in a temporary facility

    Research Brief

    2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Among the Active Component

    The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This brief reviews results for health promotion and disease prevention among active component members.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Sarah O. Meadows, Charles C. Engel, Rebecca L. Collins, Robin L. Beckman, Joshua Breslau, Erika Litvin Bloom, Michael Stephen Dunbar, Marylou Gilbert, David Grant, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Sarah MacCarthy, Eric R. Pedersen, Michael W. Robbins, Adam J. Rose, Jamie Ryan, Terry L. Schell, Molly M. Simmons

  • U.S. Navy personnel spar for exercise on the mid decks of the guided-missile destroyer USS Jason Dunham

    Research Brief

    2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey: Summary Findings and Policy Implications for the Reserve Component

    The 2018 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health and health behaviors of service members. This brief summarizes results for broad topics of the survey, such as substance use and mental health, among reserve component members.

    Apr 28, 2021

    Sarah O. Meadows, Charles C. Engel, Rebecca L. Collins, Robin L. Beckman, Joshua Breslau, Erika Litvin Bloom, Michael Stephen Dunbar, Marylou Gilbert, David Grant, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Stephanie Brooks Holliday, Sarah MacCarthy, Eric R. Pedersen, Michael W. Robbins, Adam J. Rose, Jamie Ryan, Terry L. Schell, Molly M. Simmons