In this study, scoping reviews of academic and nonacademic literature were undertaken to obtain an overview of the evidence regarding digital innovations implemented to address key public health functions in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Jul 21, 2022
Joe Francombe, Gemma-Claire Ali, Emily Ryen Gloinson, Carolina Feijao, Katherine I. Morley, Salil Gunashekar, Helena de Carvalho Gomes
The Enhancing Prehospital Outcomes for Cardiac Arrest study sought to identify best practices to address out-of-hospital cardiac arrest events. RAND researchers developed 49 strategies covering all levels of prehospital response.
Jul 20, 2022
Mahshid Abir, Stephen R. Dowker, Wilson Nham, Nasma Berri, Sydney Fouche, Christopher Nelson, Jane Forman, Michael D. Fetters, Peter Mendel, Timothy Guetterman, Bill Forbush, Robert Neumar, Brahmajee Nallamothu
This study aimed to identify, characterize, and differentiate between different approaches to digital facilitation in primary care, establish what is known about the effectiveness of different approaches, and understand the enablers of digital facilitation.
Jul 19, 2022
Brandi Leach, Sarah Parkinson, Evangelos Gkousis, Gary A. Abel, Helen Atherton, John Campbell, Christopher E. Clark, Emma Cockcroft, Christine Marriott, Emma Pitchforth, Jon Sussex
Our study shows that the rise since 2014 in firearms homicides is concentrated in south-central and midwestern states, and in American Indian and Alaskan Natives, and Black communities, thereby exacerbating existing disparities.
Jul 19, 2022
Rosanna Smart, Terry L. Schell, Andrew R. Morral, Nancy Nicosia
To obtain a national picture of districts' challenges at the end of the third school year during the COVID-19 pandemic, the authors assess nationally representative survey responses from 291 district leaders who completed the American School District Panel in spring 2022.
Seven characteristics are consistently associated with national dynamism and competitive position. This brief summarizes the relationship between a nation's social condition and its global standing and applies the lessons to the United States today.
A new state law requires that, by 2025, California significantly reduce organic waste and divert some edible food from going to landfills. Experts discuss findings from a RAND study into Los Angeles County's preparedness for the law.
Jul 18, 2022
Alina I. Palimaru, Danielle Osborne, Nancy Beyda, Mike Learakos, Jennifer King, Laura Hernandez, Kyle W. Pogue
This report summarizes a framework and process to characterize and compare potential game-changing technologies based on likely operational advantage, given specific technological capabilities, challenges of implementation and cost.
Jul 18, 2022
Richard Silberglitt, Cynthia R. Cook, Steven W. Popper, Lisa Pelled Colabella, Paul Dreyer, Eric Hastings, Alexander C. Hou, Alexis Levedahl, Edward Parker, Scott Savitz, Li Ang Zhang
Personnel and career management are critical to a well-trained U.S. Army Reserve (USAR). The authors examined existing modeling tools and developed a detailed plan for combining outputs from the tools to enable USAR to forecast 24-month end strength.
Jul 18, 2022
Katharina Ley Best, Jennifer Lamping Lewis, Christina Panis, Norah Griffin, Alice Shih, Christian Johnson
The authors provide an overview of the various impacts of robotics, autonomous systems, and artificial intelligence (RAS-AI) on the Defence workforce to inform the Royal Australian Navy's ongoing efforts to facilitate RAS-AI integration.
Jul 18, 2022
Marigold Black, Linda Slapakova, Paola Fusaro, James Black
Although training is necessary to ensure the continual productivity of the U.S. Department of Defense civilian cyber workforce, simulations indicate that training without consideration of external pay opportunities could adversely affect retention.
Jul 15, 2022
Michael G. Mattock, Beth J. Asch, Avery Calkins, Daniel Schwam
Several U.S. Army resources and policies work together to produce recruits. The authors present a model—the Reserve Recruiting Resource Model—designed to optimize resources and policies to achieve future Army Reserve recruiting goals.
Jul 14, 2022
Bruce R. Orvis, Craig A. Bond, Daniel Schwam, Irineo Cabreros
This report is a compendium of expert insights regarding opportunities for investing in science and technology to increase U.S. ability to engage in long-term competition in undergoverned spaces.
Jul 13, 2022
Aaron B. Frank, Elizabeth M. Bartels, Adam R. Grissom, Jonathan S. Blake, Gabrielle Tarini, Kelly Elizabeth Eusebi, Joseph N. Mait, Elisa Jayne Bienenstock, Andrew M. Parker, Steven W. Popper, Paul K. Davis, Edward Geist, Ben Connable, Zev Winkelman, Robert L. Axtell, Justin Grana, Robert J. Lempert, Kelly Klima, Sara Turner, James R. Watson, Michael J. Gaines, Yuna Huh Wong, Jasmin Léveillé, Timothy Marler, Aaron B. Frank, Elizabeth M. Bartels
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