Pentagon Announces Plans to Integrate Women in Combat


Jun 18, 2013

U.S. Marine Corps 1st Lt., a female engagement team commanding officer, crawls through a doorway during a patrol in Marjah, Helmand province, Afghanistan

photo by Cpl. Marionne T. Mangrum/U.S. Marine Corps

Senior Pentagon officials announced today that by 2016, women will be allowed to join front-line combat roles, including infantry, armor, and special operations. The Pentagon is developing gender-neutral tests that men and women must pass to qualify. The services and U.S. Special Operations Command have filed separate plans, all of which are incremental in opening closed positions. Specific plans will be detailed in a report to Congress this summer, and full implementation across the services should occur by Jan. 1, 2016.

RAND has conducted research on the evolving roles of women in the military and has several experts available to discuss the Department of Defense's policies:

Margaret C. Harrell is a senior scientist and director of the RAND Army Health Program. Harrell's research focuses on women in combat and changes of policies related to women in combat over time. She is the lead author of “Assessing the Assignment Policy for Army Women.”

Laura L. Miller, a senior social scientist focusing on military gender integration, social problems, and military culture and organization. She is the lead author of “The Extent of Restrictions on the Service of Active-Component Military Women,” which describes and quantifies the military occupations that are closed to women, as well as occupations that are open but have some positions that are closed to women.

Beth J. Asch is a senior economist focusing on defense manpower issues, particularly recruitment of minorities and the career progression of female and minority officers. She is the author of “A New Look at Gender and Minority Differences in Officer Career Progression in the Military.”

To arrange an interview:

Contact the RAND Office of Media Relations, (703) 414-4795 or (310) 451-6913, or send an email to