Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback42 pages $23.00 $18.40 20% Web Discount

A major challenge for the next generation of policy research will be to apply the lessons of past implementation studies to building a more powerful conceptual framework and in producing more useful information for policymakers. Recent education reforms enacted by state governments to raise student standards and improve teacher quality provide a unique opportunity for addressing that challenge. In order to determine under what conditions different instruments are most likely to produce their intended effects, this Note builds a conceptual framework that categorizes alternative policy instruments, or the mechanisms that translate substantive policy goals into actions. The framework includes four generic classes of instruments--mandates, inducements, capacity-building, and system-changing. Besides describing and defining these types of policy instruments, the authors identify the factors that shape the choice of one instrument over another, and outline a research agenda for testing this analytical framework in the assessment of educational reform policies.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Joint note education series. The joint note was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1986 to 1991 that included documents published jointly with other organizations, which reported other outputs of sponsored research for general distribution.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.