Based on interviews in eight metropolitan areas--Chicago, El Paso, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, San Antonio, and San Jose--this report examines the impact of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) on the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). It finds that, on balance, IRCA slightly improved the INS's ability to enforce the law and serve immigrants. However, the transformation of the INS into a highly diversified law enforcement agency has left the INS overburdened. This overburdening appears to be diminishing the impact of employer sanctions, IRCA's main enforcement reform.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Joint report immigration series. The joint report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1988 to 1993 that included documents published jointly with other organizations, which transmitted major research findings and final research.
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