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Homeland security encompasses five distinct missions: domestic preparedness and civil support in case of attacks on civilians, continuity of government, continuity of military operations, border and coastal defense, and national missile defense. This report extensively details four of those mission areas (national missile defense having been covered in great detail elsewhere). The authors define homeland security and its mission areas, provide a methodology for assessing homeland security response options, and review relevant trend data for each mission area. They also assess the adequacy of the doctrine,organizations, training, leadership, materiel, and soldier systems and provide illustrative scenarios to help clarify Army planning priorities. The report concludes with options and recommendations for developing more cost-effective programs and recommends a planning framework that can facilitate planning to meet homeland security needs.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

  • Figures

  • Tables

  • Summary

  • Acknowledgements

    Acknowledgments

  • Abbreviations

  • Chapter One

    Introduction

  • Chapter Two

    Understanding Homeland Security

  • Chapter Three

    Analytic Framework

  • Chapter Four

    Protecting Americans at Home: WMD Domestic Preparedness and Civil Support

  • Chapter Five

    Ensuring Constitutional Authority: Continuity of Government

  • Chapter Six

    Ensuring Military Capability: Continuity of Operations

  • Chapter Seven

    Protecting Sovereignty: Border and Coastal Defense

  • Chapter Eight

    Illustrative Planning Vignettes

  • Chapter Nine

    Analysis of Army DOTLMS

  • Chapter Ten

    Options, Recommendations, and Conclusions

  • Appendix A

    Considering Threat Campaigns

  • Appendix B

    A Notional WMD CST Trade-Off Analysis

  • Appendix C

    Homeland Security DOD Directives

  • Appendix D

    Overview of the Posse Comitatus Act

  • Appendix E

    Threat Findings of the Nunn-Lugar-Domenici Act

  • Appendix F

    State and Local Domestic Preparedness Needs

  • Appendix G

    The Federal Response Plan and Terrorism Incident Annex

  • Appendix H

    Army Domestic Preparedness Training Activities

  • Chapter I

    Army Mission-Critical Facilities and Systems

  • Appendix J

    Recommendations of the Defense Science Board

  • Appendix K

    Recommendations of the President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection

  • Appendix L

    The Federal Program to Combat Terrorism and WMD

  • Appendix M

    Notional GPRA Measures of Performance

  • Bibliography

Research conducted by

This research was conducted within RAND's Arroyo Center.

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