The European Security and Defense Policy

NATO's Companion — or Competitor?

by Robert E. Hunter


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The emergence of the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) in the last two-thirds of the 1990s and continuing into the new century, has been a complex process intertwining politics, economics, national cultures, and numerous institutions. This book provides an essential background for understanding how security issues as between NATO and the European Union are being posed for the early part of the 21st century, including the new circumstances following the terrorist attacks in New York and Washington on September 11, 2001. This study should be of interest to those interested in the evolution of U.S.-European relations, especially in, but not limited to, the security field; the development of institutional relationships; and key choices that lie ahead in regard to these critical arrangements.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword

  • Preface

  • Tables

  • Summary

  • Acknowledgements


  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two


  • Chapter Three

    The Grand Bargain of Berlin and Brussels

  • Chapter Four

    Beyond Berlin: Devil in the Details (I)

  • Chapter Five

    St. MÂLO and Beyond

  • Chapter Six

    The Three Ds-And a Fourth

  • Chapter Seven

    Defense Capabilities and the Defense Capabilities Initiative

  • Chapter Eight

    From Washington to Cologne

  • Chapter Nine

    Congress Responds

  • Chapter Ten

    The Helsinki Watershed

  • Chapter Eleven

    After Helsinki: Getting the NATO-EU Relationship Right

  • Chapter Twelve

    Practical Arrangements: Devil in the Details (II)

  • Chapter Thirteen

    Parallel Tracks

  • Chapter Fourteen

    U.S. Concerns Crystallize

  • Chapter Fifteen

    Nice and Beyond

  • Chapter Sixteen

    The New U.S. Administration

  • Chapter Seventeen

    Sorting It Out

  • Chapter Eighteen

    Striking the Balance: a U.S. View

  • Chapter Nineteen

    Practical Steps: Building a Transatlantic Bridge-Not a Barrier

  • Chapter Twenty

    Looking to the Future

  • Afterword

The research described in this report was performed under the auspices of RAND's National Security Research Division.

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