Cover: Mathematical Proficiency for All Students

Mathematical Proficiency for All Students

Toward a Strategic Research and Development Program in Mathematics Education

Published 2003

by Deborah Loewenberg Ball


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.9 MB Best for desktop computers.

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

ePub file 2.3 MB Best for mobile devices.

On desktop computers and some mobile devices, you may need to download an eBook reader to view ePub files. Calibre is an example of a free and open source e-book library management application.

mobi file 0.4 MB Best for Kindle 1-3.

On desktop computers and some mobile devices, you may need to download an eBook reader to view mobi files. Amazon Kindle is the most popular reader for mobi files.


Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback122 pages $20.00

A clear need exists for substantial improvement in mathematics proficiency in U.S. schools. While the federal government and the nation's school systems have made significant investments toward improving mathematics education, the knowledge base supporting these efforts has generally been weak. The RAND Mathematics Study Panel was convened as part of a broader effort to inform the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Educational Research and Improvement on ways to improve the quality and usability of education research and development (R&D). The panel has proposed a strategic R&D program supporting the improvement of mathematics proficiency, and equity in proficiency, among U.S. school students. The panel identified three areas for focused R&D-development of teachers' mathematical knowledge used in teaching, teaching and learning of skills needed for mathematical thinking and problem-solving, and teaching and learning of algebra from kindergarten through the 12th grade. The panel also recommends that the initial stages of the program include three key study areas: collecting evidence to support decisions concerning standards of mathematical proficiency, creating analytic descriptions of current instructional practice and curriculum in U.S. classroom, and developing measures of mathematical proficiency.

The research in this report was prepared for the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI), U.S. Department of Education, and was conducted within the RAND Science and Technology Policy Institute and RAND Education.

This report is part of the RAND monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of RAND from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.