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To meet the demands of the past decade of conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Army has adopted a rotational strategy based on the Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) model. While the Army has adapted many of its policies to the ARFORGEN model, the equipping policies still largely reflect Cold War tradition to provide active, reserve, and National Guard units with 100 percent of their equipment at all times during the ARFORGEN cycle. This report uses a simulation model to analyze how the Army might reduce equipment in early phases of the ARFORGEN cycle, how those changes might be applied across Army units and equipment, and how those changes might affect near- and far-term budgets. The report finds that reducing overall Army authorization levels can reduce near-term procurements totaling billions of dollars across the Future Years Defense Program.

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The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army and conducted by the RAND Arroyo Center.

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