California Faces Challenges Meeting Health Needs of Offenders Released from Prison
Nov 16, 2011
Examines the health care needs of newly released California prisoners; the communities most affected by reentry and the health care safety net of those communities; the critical roles that health care providers, other social services, and family members play in successful reentry; and the effects of reentry on the children and families of incarcerated individuals. Recommends how to improve access for this population in the current fiscal environment.
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When prisoners are released and return to communities, an often overlooked concern is the health care needs that former prisoners have and the role that health care plays in how successfully they reintegrate. To a large extent, the reentry population will eventually become part of the uninsured and medically indigent populations in communities.
This volume examines the health care needs of newly released prisoners in California, including the need for mental health and substance abuse treatment; which communities are most affected by prisoner reentry; the health care system capacity of those communities; and the experiences of released prisoners, service providers, and families of incarcerated individuals. The authors conducted a geographic analysis to identify where parolees are concentrated in California and the capacity of the safety net in four of these communities — Alameda, Los Angeles, San Diego, and Kern counties — to meet the health care needs of the reentry population. They then conducted focus groups in Alameda, Los Angeles, and San Diego counties with former prisoners and their family members and interviews with relevant service providers and community groups to better understand how health affects reentry; the critical roles that health care providers, other social services, and family members play in successful reentry; and how the children and families of ex-prisoners are affected by reentry. The authors discuss all this in the context of budget cuts that have substantially shrunk California's safety net and the May 2011 U.S. Supreme Court decision ordering California to reduce its prison population by 33,000. The volume concludes with recommendations for improving access to care for this population in the current fiscal environment.
What Do We Know About Prisoner Health Care Needs and the Capacity of the Safety Net to Meet the Needs of the Reentry Population?
Understanding the Challenges of Reentry: Ex-Prisoner Focus Group Results
Understanding the Challenges of Dealing with Released Prisoners: Provider Interview Results
The Impact of Incarceration on Families: Key Findings
Conclusions and Recommendations
This work was prepared for The California Endowment and produced within the RAND Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Program and the RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment Safety and Justice Program.
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