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From 2005 to 2008, the National Academies conducted an external review of National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) research programs. The National Academies' review assessed the programs' impact on and relevance to preventing work-related injuries, illnesses, and fatalities. This book describes the methodology that RAND researchers developed to help NIOSH research programs demonstrate and communicate the impact of their activities. The methodology is based on the use of logic models, outcome worksheets, and outcome narratives as key tools in preparing evidence packages that describe the contribution that NIOSH research activities have made in reducing occupational illnesses, injuries, and fatalities. Collectively, these tools offer research programs an approach to conceptualizing their research pathway to outcomes, tracing specific cases of outcomes back to research activities, and creating a model package that concisely communicates the evidence of impact. Clearly, more tools and methods are needed to map the causal connections between publicly funded research and its social benefits. However, putting the tools described here to rigorous use is an important step in determining whether federally funded research programs are achieving long-range societal goals.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Using Expert Evaluation to Measure the Impact of Federal Programs: The National Academies' Review of NIOSH

  • Chapter Three

    Logic Models

  • Chapter Four

    The Outcome Worksheet

  • Chapter Five

    The Evidence Package

  • Chapter Six

    Future Considerations for the Improvement and Application of Tools

  • Appendix

    NIOSH Program Logic Model

This study was sponsored by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and was conducted under the auspices of the Safety and Justice Program within RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (ISE).

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