Soviet Cybernetics Technology: XII. Time-Sharing in the Soviet Union.
A study of the current state of Soviet computer technology, the major computers suitable for timesharing, and timesharing applications and research. Timesharing is still underdeveloped in the USSR. The only operational Soviet timesharing systems are incorporated in special-purpose, fixed-application installations; most are used for industrial process control or management information. All timesharing projects to date have been implemented on inadequate existing computers, such as the Minsk-22, M-220, and BESM-6, that can support only rudimentary timesharing systems. However, this situation may soon change. The Directives of the 25th Congress of the Communist Party and the statement of goals for the 1971-75 Five-Year Plan indicate that computer development and computational techniques will receive greater emphasis. Moreover, the forthcoming Ryad series of third-generation computers, patterned after the IBM 360, will be able to support extensive timesharing applications. Large modular systems like the Ural and M series are also suitable for timesharing. 75 pp. Ref. Bibliog.