Evaluates the current R-3 program to raise reading and arithmetic achievement levels in a disadvantaged San Jose junior high school, and presents a cost model to enable the decisionmaker to explore cost consequences of program variations as an aid to future planning. The model translates required resources into dollar costs by taking into account program components, resources, and resource costs. Students with lowest entering scores gained eight months' achievement during the four-month program. Students' average achievement gain in reading was five months; in arithmetic, three months. Program expansion left unchanged the original concepts of motivational activities, intensive involvement, individualized reading and arithmetic, and parental involvement. Major changes included heterogeneous grouping, a new hour of humanities instruction, reduced expenditures for R&D, increased expenditures for teachers, and fewer field trips. Suggestions for program improvement were made in the areas of program coordination, student orientation, facilitation of achievement gain, and restructuring of intensive involvement. 170 pp. Ref.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.