Soviet Progress in Physics: Reviews of Current Research.

by Simon Kassel

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Soviet physicists claim significant results in a number of specialized research areas. The primary purpose of the work on generation and relatively long-term maintenance of plasma at atmospheric and higher temperatures appears to be achievement of controlled thermonuclear reactions; a secondary goal could be damage to materials in strong radiation fields. Study of explosive electron emission and high-vacuum insulating properties is significant for space applications, especially where high currents and voltages are involved. The design of low-inductance heavy pulse current generators and their application to the production of strong magnetic pulses probably will contribute to achievement of controlled thermonuclear reactions, as well as to metal forming, space propulsion, and other secondary goals. Additional research includes work on the use of laser emission to obtain superconductivity at elevated temperatures and a comprehensive analysis of the diamagnetic moment that appears in plasma produced by laser-induced breakdown. 44 pp. Ref. (KB)

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