Changes in Mortality Levels and Family Decisions Regarding Children.

by D. J. O'Hara

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback41 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

Analysis of the hypothesis that the mortality level is an important determinant in parents' decisions about family size and the quality of their children. For family decisions, the important property of a broad reduction in mortality is that it leads to proportionately greater increases in probability of survival from any given age to successively older ages. Assuming that rewards rise with age relative to costs, so that parents feel better off, all things considered, the longer a child survives, a mortality decline increases the expected return from a decision to have a child relatively more than it increases expected costs. The analysis suggests that a decline in mortality level may influence household decisions concerning children by (1) increasing family resources devoted to children; (2) causing more family resources to be spent on quality attributes; and (3) altering family response to changes in other environmental constraints and opportunities important for fertility decisions. 41 pp. Ref.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.