Environmental Factors in the Production and Use of Energy.

by Stephen H. Dole, R. A. Papetti

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback88 pages $25.00 $20.00 20% Web Discount

Part of a series on the growing demand for energy, this report briefly catalogs the many ways in which production, distribution, and use of energy degrade the environment of living things. The character of each polluting effect on land, sea, and air is spelled out--e.g., coal production disfigures the land and acidifies streams; transport of oil (with spills and tank flushing) contaminates oceans; and internal-combustion engines discharge smog, lead, and noise into the atmosphere. Technological or social measures to combat each unfavorable effect are cited. Where possible, a gross estimate of the cost of ameliorating each effect in the United States is given. Even omitting a few hard-to-estimate control costs (e.g., thermal inputs to air and water), the annual U.S. bill for control would be on the order of $11 billion. 88 pp.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.