Report of a detailed survey the authors conducted on 132 models, simulations, and games (MSGs) currently used in the Department of Defense. The survey questionnaire elicited (1) information on the purposes, production, operation, uses, and costs of MSGs, and (2) respondents' opinions about several hypothetical innovations in the gaming profession. Based on their analysis of the survey results, the authors point out matters in which improvement is needed before gaming can become fully professional. They include (1) better communication among gamers in and outside the military, (2) regular, outside, professional reviewing of MSGs, (3) thorough documentation, (4) consistent record-keeping on MSG costs, (5) attention to basic research, and (6) more stringent standards for large-scale MSGs. The survey instrument is appended. (See also R-620, R-732.)
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