Peer Review, Citations, and Biomedical Research Policy

NIH Grants to Medical School Faculty

by Grace M. Carter

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Considers two descriptions of the scientific output of grants from NIH to medical school faculty: the judgments rendered on grant applications by NIH study sections, and counts of citation data. Average priority scores and the fraction of applications disapproved between 1968 and 1973 are presented and changes over time are analyzed. A sample of 747 research project grants and all 51 program project grants awarded to medical school faculty on a competitive basis in fiscal year 1967 was selected and publication and citation data retrieved. The correlation between the two output measures is found and they are used to compare research projects to program projects, to examine quality of investigators who responded to the war on cancer and the effect of levels of support lower than those of FY 1967 for the NIH extramural research program.

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