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This statistical paper focuses on the relationship between parenthood and employment. The report looks into a number of related aspects and gender differences are then investigated by examining these various aspects and contrasting men and women. The analysis of these aspects focused on employment rate differences between parents and nonparents; working hours among parents and non-parents; gender inequalities with regard to work interruption and parental leave; and attitudes towards parental involvement in work and care.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Introduction

  • Chapter Two

    Gender gap with regard to employment: parents and non-parents

  • Chapter Three

    Part-time working and flexible working: the role of parenthood

  • Chapter Four

    Parents temporarily out of work: work interruption and leave

  • Chapter Five

    Conclusions

  • Appendix A

    Data description

  • Appendix B

    Annex to Figure 16

  • Appendix C

    Maternity and parental leave: length and benefits

Research conducted by

This research was commissioned by the European Commission Directorate General for Justice and Fundamental Rights. The study was jointly undertaken by RAND Europe and the University of Groningen.

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