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Logic Model

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Research Questions

  1. What could go wrong?
  2. What is going wrong?
  3. What has gone wrong?

For both diplomatic and national security reasons, security cooperation continues to be important for the United States. The Department of Defense conducts an assortment of programs aimed at building the capacity of partner nations, and training is an important element of these efforts. The needs and existing capabilities of various nations differ, however, as will results. Planning for each building partner capacity (BPC) effort carefully, assessing progress while the effort is in progress, and assessing results are all important to ensure that it meets U.S. goals and partner expectations. This report presents a framework intended to aid all these steps. Before execution, the framework can help determine and plan for what might go wrong with the intended BPC effort. During BPC execution, the framework can help monitor progress to discover whether everything is going according to plan and, if not, what is wrong and what can be done about it. Finally, the framework can help determine whether the BPC has achieved its objectives and, if not, why and what can be done about it in the future.

Key Finding

The Framework Can Be Applied to Building Partner Capacity Efforts

  • This framework can help with assessment of plans, or efforts in progress, and of completed efforts both for accountability and as learning examples for future such efforts.


  • Those responsible for planning or conducting BPC efforts should conduct assessment, using this framework to the extent that it proves useful in their specific effort.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    The BPC Training and Equipping Logic Model

  • Chapter Three

    Description of Logic Model Elements for the Preengagement Phase

  • Chapter Four

    Description of Logic Model Elements for the Engagement Phase

  • Chapter Five

    Description of Logic Model Elements for the Postengagement Phase, Including Outcomes

  • Chapter Six

    Using the BPC Training and Equipping Logic Model as Part of an Assessment Framework

This research was sponsored jointly by the Joint Staff J5, the Office of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy conducted within the International Security and Defense Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community.

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