Jul 6, 2020
Burns are one of the most difficult types of injury for which to care, and about 5–20 percent of combat-related casualties during Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom included severe burns. Blast-related burn injuries are associated with infection, disability, and mortality. To identify areas that are understudied, RAND researchers conducted a literature review and synthesis of the evidence surrounding blast-related burn injury.
Burns, a leading cause of fatality among military service members, are one of the most difficult injuries for which to care. Additionally, blast-related burn injuries are associated with infection, disability, mental illness, discharge from the military, and mortality. To identify areas that are understudied, RAND researchers conducted a comprehensive literature review and synthesis of the evidence surrounding blast-related burn injury.
The authors found sufficient information regarding treatment; however, there remains a need for additional research concerning prevention of blast-related burn injury. They also observed a lack of studies addressing prolonged field care for burns. Because U.S. military forces have expanded their scope and mission into more remote and rugged terrain, it is not always possible to immediately evacuate injured soldiers—and personnel exposed to burn injuries are at heightened risk of infection and complications. In this type of situation, burn injuries might need to be treated and managed in the field for an extended period of time. Therefore, strategic thinking and specific planning are necessary to develop, practice, and refine potential strategies to care for burns in prolonged field settings.
Background and Purpose
Foundational and Etiological Research Results
Prevention, Screening, and Diagnostic Research Results
Treatment and Follow-Up Care Results
Military Policy and Health Services Research Results
Discussion and Preliminary Recommendations
Planning Committee Members
Search Terms and Results