Cover: Individual disengagement from Al Qa'ida-influenced terrorist groups

Individual disengagement from Al Qa'ida-influenced terrorist groups

A Rapid Evidence Assessment to inform policy and practice in preventing terrorism

Published Mar 2, 2012

by Emma Disley, Kristin Weed, Anais Reding, Lindsay Clutterbuck, Richard Warnes

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This report, prepared for the Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism (OSCT) in the UK Home Office, presents the findings of a Rapid Evidence Assessment (REA) into individual disengagement from Al Qa'ida-influenced terrorist groups. The project was commissioned to inform policy development in relation to the 'Prevent' strand of the Government's counter-terrorism strategy. The REA sought to answer two questions: 'What are the psychological, social and physical factors associated with leaving terrorist groups?' and 'What interventions have been employed to encourage individuals to leave terrorist groups, and is there any evidence as to their effectiveness?' Because there is very little research on leaving such terrorist groups, the OSCT also commissioned a second REA of the factors involved in leaving other groups — street gangs, religious cults, right-wing extremist groups and organised crime groups — in the hope of identifying potentially transferable lessons.

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The research described in this document was prepared for the Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism, UK Home Office and conducted by RAND Europe.

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