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Modern military operations are executed in complex, uncertain, and rapidly changing operational environments that defy the warfighting standards of the past. To meet these challenges, the Air Force has expanded its approach to diversity from one that focuses on race, ethnicity, and gender to one that includes skills, background, and ways of thinking. This transition will require an adaptive and agile leadership that can leverage diversity while maintaining unit cohesion. This tool explores definitions of diversity and inclusion, examines their importance to the Air Force, and describes how to create a diverse workplace and foster diversity leadership, which is both a fundamental way of thinking and a set of skills at which all Air Force leaders must excel to get the best performance possible from the service members they lead.

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This research was sponsored by the United States Air Force and conducted by RAND Project AIR FORCE.

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