Navy Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution

A Reference Guide for Senior Leaders, Managers, and Action Officers

by Irv Blickstein, John Yurchak, Bradley Martin, Jerry M. Sollinger, Daniel Tremblay


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This tool serves as a reference guide that documents key but enduring aspects of how the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OPNAV) implements the Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE) process so that action officers, as well as flag officers and senior executives, can successfully navigate and effectively contribute to the process. This guide emphasizes the planning and programming phases because these usually involve the greatest levels of effort and uncertainty, and because they are central to the principal annual deliverable — a coherent, balanced Program Objective Memorandum (POM) in alignment with leadership's guidance. The authors describe key decision points and stakeholders, principles for success throughout the PPBE process, and best practices.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    PPBE Process Overview

  • Chapter Three

    How the OPNAV PPBE Process Works

  • Chapter Four

    Stakeholders, Roles, and Relationships

  • Chapter Five

    Best Practices for Succeeding in the Navy PPBE Process

  • Chapter Six

    Planning for Success

  • Chapter Seven


This research was sponsored by the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Programming Division (N80) and was conducted within the Acquisition and Technology Policy Center of the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the United States Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the Defense Intelligence Community.

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