Cover: Hardware-Enabled Governance Mechanisms

Hardware-Enabled Governance Mechanisms

Developing Technical Solutions to Exempt Items Otherwise Classified Under Export Control Classification Numbers 3A090 and 4A090

Published Jan 18, 2024

by Gabriel Kulp, Daniel Gonzales, Everett Smith, Lennart Heim, Prateek Puri, Michael J. D. Vermeer, Zev Winkelman

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The authors introduce the concept of hardware-enabled governance mechanisms (HEMs), which have the potential to help achieve U.S. artificial intelligence (AI) governance goals. They explore the export control–related policy objectives that HEMs can support, analyze the threats that HEMs might face, examine the attack vectors that might compromise them, and describe protection measures that could be taken to counter those attacks.

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The research described in this report was funded by Li Lu Humanitarian Foundation and conducted by RAND Global and Emerging Risks.

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