RAND Europe Research

Explore our current and recently completed research projects, or visit a research topic or method to learn more about a specific area of research.

Latest Research

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    Examining the digital skills gap

    15 Dec 2021

    Researchers assessed the evidence associated with the digital skills gap. The study analysed the key trends driving the gap at a global level and articulated some practical steps to address this challenge and potentially ‘close’ the gap.

  • Stethoscope on tablet computer with digital images, photo by BillionPhotos.com/Adobe Stock

    Assessing EHR for infectious disease surveillance, prevention and control

    10 Dec 2021

    Electronic health records (EHR) data could greatly help infectious disease surveillance, but their use varies across Europe. Researchers mapped EHR use to assess the feasibility of using EHR data for infectious disease surveillance.

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    The potential socio-economic impact of telemedicine in Canada

    06 Dec 2021

    RAND Europe researchers examined the potential impact in Canada of continued, long-term use of telemedicine, which can include the use of 'smart' devices to conduct medical tests, the digital storage and sharing of medical records, and real-time tele-consultations between healthcare providers and patients.

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    Greater telemedicine adoption in Canada could offer economic and social benefits

    06 Dec 2021

    Alongside the benefits from tools such as telemonitoring and digital health records, researchers found that widespread use of teleconsultations could lead to significant benefits for Canadian patients, the Canadian economy and wider Canadian society.

  • Medical devices on grey background, photo by New Africa/Adobe Stock

    Assessing POCT for infectious disease surveillance, prevention and control

    02 Dec 2021

    Researchers examined the availability of point-of-care testing (POCT) devices to diagnose 56 communicable diseases and related health issues under EU surveillance — not including COVID-19 — and mapped trends in the use of POCT in Europe.

  • Office employee working with documents at table, photo by New Africa/Adobe Stock

    Understanding researcher views on REF 2021

    24 Nov 2021

    A real-time evaluation of the REF 2021 assessment process found that overall views on the REF are mixed. Many researchers perceive that the REF has a negative influence on UK researchers and the research community, but views on specific aspects and influences of the REF are more nuanced.

  • Helpful nurse giving pills to senior lady in medical center, photo by Photographee.eu/Adobe Stock

    Making outcome-based payment a reality in the NHS: Phase 2

    23 Nov 2021

    To prepare for the implementation of a pilot scheme to pay for cancer drugs based on achieved outcomes, researchers addressed issues identified in the first phase of research, such as the quality and completeness of real-world data on key patient outcomes.

  • Engineer with blueprints inspects construction process on railway, photo by APchanel/Adobe Stock

    Understanding how rail construction affects mental health and wellbeing

    18 Nov 2021

    Researchers are exploring how the UK's High-Speed Rail 2 development might affect people who live near the railway line. What they learn will contribute to the design and assessment of later phases of the HS2 scheme.

  • European strategic autonomy in defence and implications for NATO, U.S., and EU relations

    09 Nov 2021

    Researchers examined the meaning of European strategic autonomy in defence and its implications for the U.S., NATO and EU-U.S. relations using a scenario methodology and transatlantic expert consultation.

  • Man having panic attack in office, photo by Pixel-Shot/Adobe Stock

    Reviewing the work and health research landscape

    29 Oct 2021

    Researchers mapped the funding landscape for work and health research in the UK for the first time. They examined how much has been spent in the area since 2015, what types of research topic are funded and what the priorities for future work and health research should be.

  • Broken glass, photo by Siarhei Dudzininski, artbox_of_life/Adobe Stock

    Understanding how acts of violence are classified

    26 Oct 2021

    How experts classify an act of violence is driven by knowledge of the perpetrator’s motivation, recognition of the ideology, and availability of information on mental health and social media use. Public perception, knowledge of available definitions and the classifier’s own background also influence classification.

  • RAF Chinook and soldiers from 2nd Batallion The Duke of Lancaster Regiment at a vulnerable river bank working with the Environmental Agency to prevent flooding, photo by SSgt Mark Nesbit RLC/Open Government Licence

    How UK Defence could support societal resilience to crisis events

    21 Oct 2021

    Researchers developed a conceptual framework that includes three phases of societal resilience: Prepare, Respond and Recover. The team identified a set of proposals to help UK Defence improve how it conceptualises and operationalises societal resilience.

  • An SAC working in the General Engineering Flight hanger at RAF Akrotiri, photo by SAC Jodie Ireland RAF/UK MOD Crown Copyright Open Government License

    Achieving global mobility for the UK Armed Forces

    14 Oct 2021

    Researchers propose a range of options that could help the UK MOD meet its global mobility requirements between now and 2040 while offering the mobility fleet both effectiveness and resilience.

  • Schoolchildren enjoying their lunch in a school cafeteria, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Provision of school meals across the EU

    01 Oct 2021

    One goal of the European Commission is to provide all children in the EU with adequate nutrition. Researchers examined the rationales underpinning school meal programmes across the EU, the barriers and facilitators of school meal programmes, and what the evidence says about the outcomes of school meal programmes.

  • Medicine on a blue background, photo by Justinboat29/Adobe Stock

    The impact of antimicrobial resistance on modern medicine

    30 Sep 2021

    Most research on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) focuses on its effects on communicable diseases. But AMR can result in a wide variety of negative outcomes for patients with non-communicable health conditions and/or who are exposed to certain healthcare services.

  • School students discussing science with their teacher in class

    RCT evaluates the Maximising the Impact of Teaching Assistants programme

    29 Sep 2021

    In the first randomised controlled trial studying the efficacy of a whole-school intervention aimed at improving how schools deploy TAs in everyday classrooms, researchers found MITA had an effect on TA deployment, preparation, and interactions, and on pupil engagement. However, this did not translate into an impact on pupil attainment.

  • Business meeting between four upper management board members, photo by nakophotography/Adobe Stock

    Communicating research evidence to health and care governance boards

    28 Sep 2021

    A study of health and care board members in England found that boards engage with research evidence in various capacities when making decisions, but many expressed an appetite for improving the ways and extent to which research evidence is used at the board level.

  • Two U.S. Air Force F-35A Lightning II fighter aircraft, assigned to the 421st Fighter Squadron, Hill Air Force Base, Utah, right, fly in formation with two Finnish F-18 Hornets, left, while en route to Turku, Finland, June 13, 2019, photo by Airman 1st Class Jovante Johnson

    Enhancing U.S.-Finnish and regional defence cooperation

    24 Sep 2021

    An independent perspective on Finland's defence posture concludes that U.S.-Finnish defence cooperation can and should proceed at a slow yet steady pace, building on existing foundations and raising the level of ambition as political and resource constraints permit.

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    Comparing criminal history information systems in the United States and other nations

    24 Sep 2021

    There is considerable variation among the criminal-history information systems of Australia, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States regarding how they approach the collection, management, and uses of criminal-history information through their national information systems.

  • Two men looking at a mobile phone, photo by Muhammad Faiz Zulkeflee/Unsplash

    Testimony addresses tech and the future of UK foreign policy

    21 Sep 2021

    Researchers presented written testimony to the UK House of Commons concerning how the FCDO could support the UK’s response to the opportunities and challenges presented by new and emerging technologies. This could be through new forms of diplomatic engagement and building globally shared understandings of standards, rules and norms for the responsible development and use of new technologies.

  • Pediatrician showing cartoon on tablet for his little patient, photo by Viacheslav Lakobchuk/Adobe Stock

    Homeless children and young people: A review of interventions supporting access to healthcare services

    13 Sep 2021

    Researchers examined the challenges that homeless children and family face in accessing healthcare, interventions aimed at supporting their access to healthcare, and facilitators of these interventions in this report aimed at policy makers.

  • Close up picture of people sitting in a circle, photo by zinkevych/Adobe Stock

    Helping local authorities to support members of the armed forces community

    01 Sep 2021

    The Armed Forces Covenant Fund Trust’s Strengthening Delivery Programme had a positive impact, and local authorities that received grants to implement and improve service delivery viewed the funding as essential to the gains achieved. Researchers will now evaluate the continuation programme.

  • 5G network with high speed motion blur, photo illustration by Tierney/Adobe Stock

    5G supply market trends

    23 Aug 2021

    An in-depth analysis of plausible developments of the 5G equipment and services supply market looking out to 2030 identified four potential trend scenarios and analysed economic, technological, environmental, and societal impacts for each.

  • Double exposure of microscope, science equipment glasses, photo by zapp2photo/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund

    23 Aug 2021

    RAND Europe, with the support of Frontier Economics, is leading a four-year independent evaluation of the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund, building on evaluations of each of the ISCF Challenges to examine the impact of the ISCF as a whole.

  • RAF A400M Atlas transport aircraft carrying out a series of spectacular test landings and take offs on a beach, UK MOD photo by Andrew Linnett/Open Government Licence

    Strategic Airlift in Africa

    20 Aug 2021

    A narrated presentation describes the Strategic Airlift in Africa project undertaken for the Movement Coordination Centre Europe (MCCE), including the study objectives, complexity of lift challenges, impact of poor coordination, opportunities for improving coordination, and areas for further investigation.