RAND Europe Research

Explore our current and recently completed research projects, or visit a research topic or method to learn more about a specific area of research.

Latest Research

  • Little girl pointing to world globe, photo by Konstantin Postumitenko/Adobee Stock

    Case studies examine early childhood development interventions at scale

    Researchers developed case studies on ‘what works’ in early childhood development at scale in the Netherlands, Israel, Peru, and Brazil. They ensured that efforts were systematically captured, assessed and available for other governments, practitioners and foundations to use.

    23 Dec 2021

  • Supporting parental behavioural change: Multichannel and cross-sector campaigns in Israel

    This case study describes two campaigns in Israel that supported parental behavioural change. The success of the campaigns was attributed to their multichannel approach, partner network and involvement of expertise. It offers valuable lessons for others aiming to encourage behavioural change at scale.

    23 Dec 2021

  • Social media network and remote work illustration, photo by peshkov/Adobe Stock

    Using social media data to ‘nowcast’ migration around the globe

    Because official statistics can be delayed or fail to correctly capture the full extent of migration, making informed policy decisions can be a challenge. Researchers developed an approach to compute near-real-time migration estimates for Europe and the United States using social media data.

    16 Dec 2021

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    Examining the digital skills gap

    Researchers assessed the evidence associated with the digital skills gap. The study analysed the key trends driving the gap at a global level and articulated some practical steps to address this challenge and potentially ‘close’ the gap.

    15 Dec 2021

  • Mature students learning computer skills, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    The Global Digital Skills Gap: Current Trends and Future Directions

    Researchers sought to better understand at a macro level whether and why the digital skills gap is widening, its implications for digital and social inequalities, and what various stakeholders are doing in response.

    15 Dec 2021

  • Stethoscope on tablet computer with digital images, photo by BillionPhotos.com/Adobe Stock

    Assessing EHR for infectious disease surveillance, prevention and control

    Electronic health records (EHR) data could greatly help infectious disease surveillance, but their use varies across Europe. Researchers mapped EHR use to assess the feasibility of using EHR data for infectious disease surveillance.

    10 Dec 2021

  • father, man, parent, son, boy, health, sick, suffering, home, illness, pain, sickness, disease, ill, flu, virus, allergy, infection, unhealthy, medical, cold, influenza, unwell, care, symptom, fever, medicine, temperature, high, leave, healthcare, caring, patient, family, blowing, sneezing, smartphone, mobile, phone, speaking, talking, discussing, calling, emergency, first, aid, thermometer, dad, bed, bedroom

    The potential socio-economic impact of telemedicine in Canada

    RAND Europe researchers examined the potential impact in Canada of continued, long-term use of telemedicine, which can include the use of 'smart' devices to conduct medical tests, the digital storage and sharing of medical records, and real-time tele-consultations between healthcare providers and patients.

    06 Dec 2021

  • telemedicine, video call, telehealth, doctor, patient, consultation, online, video, sick, woman, phone, covid19, covid, using, coronavirus, sickness, symptom, ill, illness, health, tele, videocall, call, practitioner, consultant, smartphone, smart, cellphone, technology, internet, digital, healthcare, distance, remote, physician, people, close up, earphone, home, conference, consulting, medicine, consult, care, therapist, e-medicine, webcam, treatment, therapy

    Greater telemedicine adoption in Canada could offer economic and social benefits

    Alongside the benefits from tools such as telemonitoring and digital health records, researchers found that widespread use of teleconsultations could lead to significant benefits for Canadian patients, the Canadian economy and wider Canadian society.

    06 Dec 2021

  • Medical devices on grey background, photo by New Africa/Adobe Stock

    Assessing POCT for infectious disease surveillance, prevention and control

    Researchers examined the availability of point-of-care testing (POCT) devices to diagnose 56 communicable diseases and related health issues under EU surveillance — not including COVID-19 — and mapped trends in the use of POCT in Europe.

    02 Dec 2021

  • Office employee working with documents at table, photo by New Africa/Adobe Stock

    Understanding researcher views on REF 2021

    A real-time evaluation of the REF 2021 assessment process found that overall views on the REF are mixed. Many researchers perceive that the REF has a negative influence on UK researchers and the research community, but views on specific aspects and influences of the REF are more nuanced.

    24 Nov 2021

  • Helpful nurse giving pills to senior lady in medical center, photo by Photographee.eu/Adobe Stock

    Making outcome-based payment a reality in the NHS: Phase 2

    To prepare for the implementation of a pilot scheme to pay for cancer drugs based on achieved outcomes, researchers addressed issues identified in the first phase of research, such as the quality and completeness of real-world data on key patient outcomes.

    23 Nov 2021

  • Engineer with blueprints inspects construction process on railway, photo by APchanel/Adobe Stock

    Understanding how rail construction affects mental health and wellbeing

    Researchers are exploring how the UK's High-Speed Rail 2 development might affect people who live near the railway line. What they learn will contribute to the design and assessment of later phases of the HS2 scheme.

    18 Nov 2021

  • European strategic autonomy in defence and implications for NATO, U.S., and EU relations

    Researchers examined the meaning of European strategic autonomy in defence and its implications for the U.S., NATO and EU-U.S. relations using a scenario methodology and transatlantic expert consultation.

    09 Nov 2021

  • Man having panic attack in office, photo by Pixel-Shot/Adobe Stock

    Reviewing the work and health research landscape

    Researchers mapped the funding landscape for work and health research in the UK for the first time. They examined how much has been spent in the area since 2015, what types of research topic are funded and what the priorities for future work and health research should be.

    29 Oct 2021

  • Broken glass, photo by Siarhei Dudzininski, artbox_of_life/Adobe Stock

    Understanding how acts of violence are classified

    How experts classify an act of violence is driven by knowledge of the perpetrator’s motivation, recognition of the ideology, and availability of information on mental health and social media use. Public perception, knowledge of available definitions and the classifier’s own background also influence classification.

    26 Oct 2021

  • RAF Chinook and soldiers from 2nd Batallion The Duke of Lancaster Regiment at a vulnerable river bank working with the Environmental Agency to prevent flooding, photo by SSgt Mark Nesbit RLC/Open Government Licence

    How UK Defence could support societal resilience to crisis events

    Researchers developed a conceptual framework that includes three phases of societal resilience: Prepare, Respond and Recover. The team identified a set of proposals to help UK Defence improve how it conceptualises and operationalises societal resilience.

    21 Oct 2021

  • An SAC working in the General Engineering Flight hanger at RAF Akrotiri, photo by SAC Jodie Ireland RAF/UK MOD Crown Copyright Open Government License

    Achieving global mobility for the UK Armed Forces

    Researchers propose a range of options that could help the UK MOD meet its global mobility requirements between now and 2040 while offering the mobility fleet both effectiveness and resilience.

    14 Oct 2021

  • Schoolchildren enjoying their lunch in a school cafeteria, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Provision of school meals across the EU

    One goal of the European Commission is to provide all children in the EU with adequate nutrition. Researchers examined the rationales underpinning school meal programmes across the EU, the barriers and facilitators of school meal programmes, and what the evidence says about the outcomes of school meal programmes.

    01 Oct 2021

  • Medicine on a blue background, photo by Justinboat29/Adobe Stock

    The impact of antimicrobial resistance on modern medicine

    Most research on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) focuses on its effects on communicable diseases. But AMR can result in a wide variety of negative outcomes for patients with non-communicable health conditions and/or who are exposed to certain healthcare services.

    30 Sep 2021

  • School students discussing science with their teacher in class

    RCT evaluates the Maximising the Impact of Teaching Assistants programme

    In the first randomised controlled trial studying the efficacy of a whole-school intervention aimed at improving how schools deploy TAs in everyday classrooms, researchers found MITA had an effect on TA deployment, preparation, and interactions, and on pupil engagement. However, this did not translate into an impact on pupil attainment.

    29 Sep 2021

  • Business meeting between four upper management board members, photo by nakophotography/Adobe Stock

    Communicating research evidence to health and care governance boards

    A study of health and care board members in England found that boards engage with research evidence in various capacities when making decisions, but many expressed an appetite for improving the ways and extent to which research evidence is used at the board level.

    28 Sep 2021

  • Two U.S. Air Force F-35A Lightning II fighter aircraft, assigned to the 421st Fighter Squadron, Hill Air Force Base, Utah, right, fly in formation with two Finnish F-18 Hornets, left, while en route to Turku, Finland, June 13, 2019, photo by Airman 1st Class Jovante Johnson

    Enhancing U.S.-Finnish and regional defence cooperation

    An independent perspective on Finland's defence posture concludes that U.S.-Finnish defence cooperation can and should proceed at a slow yet steady pace, building on existing foundations and raising the level of ambition as political and resource constraints permit.

    24 Sep 2021

  • Handcuffs laying on top of fingerprint chart in file

    Comparing criminal history information systems in the United States and other nations

    There is considerable variation among the criminal-history information systems of Australia, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States regarding how they approach the collection, management, and uses of criminal-history information through their national information systems.

    24 Sep 2021

  • Two men looking at a mobile phone, photo by Muhammad Faiz Zulkeflee/Unsplash

    Testimony addresses tech and the future of UK foreign policy

    Researchers presented written testimony to the UK House of Commons concerning how the FCDO could support the UK’s response to the opportunities and challenges presented by new and emerging technologies. This could be through new forms of diplomatic engagement and building globally shared understandings of standards, rules and norms for the responsible development and use of new technologies.

    21 Sep 2021

  • Pediatrician showing cartoon on tablet for his little patient, photo by Viacheslav Lakobchuk/Adobe Stock

    Homeless children and young people: A review of interventions supporting access to healthcare services

    Researchers examined the challenges that homeless children and family face in accessing healthcare, interventions aimed at supporting their access to healthcare, and facilitators of these interventions in this report aimed at policy makers.

    13 Sep 2021