RAND Europe Research

Explore our current and recently completed research projects, or visit a research topic or method to learn more about a specific area of research.

Latest Research

  • Plant growing out of a book, photo by beeboys/Adobe Stock

    Assessing the consistency of UK climate risk approaches with new ISO guidelines

    Research for the UK Climate Resilience Programme aims to help organisations in the UK determine which guidance documents are most appropriate for their purposes and whether existing documents might be updated to reduce inconsistencies with ISO guidelines and strengthen weaknesses.

    28 May 2021

  • Filter cigarettes on a heap of loose tobacco, Photo by Maren Winter info@maren-winter.de/Adobe Stock

    Identifying an approach to measure the illicit market for tobacco

    To capture the total volume of the illicit tobacco trade in the EU and member states, as well as distinguish between the legal and illegal market, types of tobacco products, and types of illicit trade, researchers propose a combination of five methods and three cross-validating resources.

    11 May 2021

  • Myers Park Playground in Auckland, New Zealand, photo by Rafael Ben-Ari/Chameleons Eye/Adobe Stock

    Measuring the use and value of Auckland Council amenities

    An online survey and series of interviews of Auckland residents revealed the majority want better access to neighbourhood parks and libraries, among other amenities, in some cases even if they don't necessarily use them.

    10 May 2021

  • Digital data concept, illustration by thodonal/Adobe Stock

    Insights from the Bin Laden Archive

    An analysis of the contents of Osama Bin Laden's archive, conducted at the request of the Dutch government, uncovered a promising text cluster that could help generate novel insights and knowledge about Al Qa’ida during follow-on research.

    05 May 2021

  • Reservists from 7 Battalion, The Rifles Reinforcing a Dam During Flooding, photo by Cpl Richard Cave LBPPA/Defence Images

    Crisis response in a changing climate

    Researchers identified climate change challenges likely to emerge and propose five concrete policy actions that the UK Ministry of Defence could take to mitigate the impact of climate change on crisis response situations.

    04 May 2021

  • Australian soldiers from Battlegroup War Horse take part in the final assault on Williamson Airfield in the Shoalwater Bay Training Area, Rockhampton, Queensland, during Exercise Hamel, June 27, 2018, photo by U.S. Army

    Defence Mobilisation Planning Comparative Study

    The boundaries of rule-based order and global norms are being tested everywhere. What threatens the stability and prosperity of Australia? And how do other countries structure their response to similar contemporary threats?

    03 May 2021

  • Confused businessman with direction arrows on whiteboard, photo by ronstik/Adobe Stock

    Supporting prioritisation and evaluation of mental health funding related to urgent and emergency care

    Researchers produced a guide to help local NHS systems and partnerships determine spending and planning priorities and then evaluate selected projects for mental health urgent and emergency care.

    30 Apr 2021

  • British judge with gavel and justice scales

    Liaison and Diversion services save money through reduced sentencing

    An evaluation of NHS England's Liaison and Diversion programme found that it successfully engages people with a broad range of vulnerabilities and halves their likelihood of receiving a custodial sentence.

    12 Apr 2021

  • Conceptual representation of the protection and interaction of the personal data of the inhabitants of the planet and industrial data using artificial intelligence and the Internet of things, photo by kosssmosss/Adobe Stock

    How AI can support the European Border and Coast Guard

    Three baseline gaps should be addressed to maximise the opportunities provided by artificial intelligence in European border security: knowledge gaps between stakeholder groups; organisational, structural, cultural and expertise gaps; and broader gaps in the evidence base.

    29 Mar 2021

  • Seven business people holding white cards with letters to assemble the word SUPPORT, photo by Gaj Rudolf/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating individual placement and support (IPS) and the IPS Grow initiative

    IPS Grow aims to speed the implementation of high-quality individual placement and support for people with serious mental illness to find employment. A programme evaluation found that the support provided by IPS Grow Regional Leads and networking available through Communities of Practice were particularly helpful.

    24 Mar 2021

  • A pack of banknotes in hand with a face value of five hundred euros, photo by Evgeny Savchenko/Adobe Stock.

    Assessing the economic value of illicit markets in the EU

    The aggregate annual revenues of the nine main criminal markets in the EU ranged from €92 to €188 billion in 2019, according to research that examined the scale, actors, modus operandi and trends in these markets.

    22 Mar 2021

  • Illustration of people protecting their money, photo by SurfupVector/Adobe Stock

    Can workplace financial interventions support the mental health of young adults?

    Participation in workplace financial wellbeing interventions is associated with better mental health, particularly amongst certain subgroups of workers, according to survey data from healthiest workplace competitions.

    08 Mar 2021

  • Young Black father reading to toddler, photo by monkeybusinessimages/Getty Images

    The childcare gap in EU member states

    In many EU member states, there is a period in which families with young children are unable to benefit from well-compensated childcare leave or a guaranteed place in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC). Researchers examined policies in place to address this childcare gap.

    08 Mar 2021

  • Hands of women and a child on opposite sides of window pane,  photo by Jevanto Productions/Adobe Stock

    Examining COVID-19 and intimate partner violence

    Researchers identified 27 practices that—to varying degrees—have ensured the continuity, accessibility and sustainability of support to women victims during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    08 Mar 2021

  • Electric vehicle at charging station, photo by scharfsinn86 J&K/Adobe Stock

    Identifying patterns and factors affecting adoption of electric vehicles across the UK

    Researchers examined patterns of electric vehicles adoption across the country to help locate areas where investment in electric repair and servicing skills is needed.

    01 Mar 2021

  • Traffic on the streets of London

    Developing a New Transport Demand Model for the London Area

    With rising populations in London leading to higher demand on road and transport networks, Transport for London asked researchers to develop a new strategic travel model for London, which will be used to develop strategic land use and transport policy scenarios to assist with future investment in London’s transport systems.

    01 Mar 2021

  • Overlapping silhouettes of hands in a watercolour , photo by smartboy10/Getty Images

    Examining child participation in EU political and democratic life

    An examination of how children participate in decision-making processes across the EU — including at the member state and local level — highlights both challenges and opportunities for improvement. The most successful schemes to promote children’s participation are inclusive, impactful and child-led, but societal views and attitudes can present barriers.

    22 Feb 2021

  • Hands of children holding pieces of jigsaw puzzle

    Sexuality education across the European Union

    This policy memo maps the existing evidence and research on the nature of sexuality education that young people across the European Union receive.

    22 Feb 2021

  • Black teenage boy with headphones using a laptop, photo by New Africa/Adobe Stock

    Analysing the relationship between Sparx Maths and maths outcomes

    Time spent using and actively working in Sparx Maths is positively and significantly associated with higher outcomes in maths for all students, but access alone — ignoring usage — did not have any effects.

    16 Feb 2021

  • Closeup of woman hugging teenage girl, photo by SeventyFour/Getty Imageswith care and love,

    Children and mental health: Preventive approaches to anxiety and depression

    A summary of findings from twelve systematic reviews and meta-analyses on interventions aimed at preventing the development of anxiety and depression in children. The research note discusses what works well and what areas require further research before definite conclusions about their effectiveness can be drawn.

    10 Feb 2021

  • Young high school teacher helping students, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Discrete choice experiment helps explain teacher retention in England

    Results of a stated preference survey of teachers in England show which job characteristics matter most to them and the trade-offs they would be willing to make between pay and other characteristics of the work environment.

    09 Feb 2021

  • Group of diverse people with speech bubbles, illustration by melita/Adobe Stock

    The use of public engagement for technological innovation

    Because different public engagement techniques may be more or less effective in promoting selected outcomes, researchers found that a diverse range of techniques should be used to engage the public in technological innovation.

    29 Jan 2021

  • A view of markets in Brixton as the spread of COVID-19 continues, London, March 31, 2020, photo by Henry Nicholls/Reuters

    Evaluation design for multiple long-term health conditions programme

    Complex evaluations at multiple levels are gathering evidence for Guy’s and St Thomas’ Charity on societal determinants of health such as housing, debt, racism and labour markets. The findings will inform policy to help those most at risk of developing long-term conditions.

    29 Jan 2021

  • Spotlight 2020-21

    Spotlight 2020–2021 features examples of our research that helped to improve people's lives during a turbulent year. It also highlights a selection of research initiatives on the horizon for 2021.

    26 Jan 2021

  • Examining the use of Paediatric Early Warning Systems in the UK

    A diverse range of paediatric early warning (PEW) systems are commonly used across the UK, particularly in acute settings. A review of their use uncovered a growing interest amongst some healthcare decisionmakers in the potential of using a standardised system.

    25 Jan 2021