RAND Europe Research

Explore our current and recently completed research projects, or visit a research topic or method to learn more about a specific area of research.

Latest Research

  • Illustration of a DNA double helix, by by Siarhei/Adobe Stock

    Reviewing the role and contributions of the Wellcome Sanger Institute and Genome Campus

    An evaluation of the contributions of the Wellcome Sanger Institute found that it acts as a leader in genetics and genomics research and international collaborations, shaped by the institute’s specific values and ethos around openness, data sharing and collaboration.

    20 Jan 2021

  • Tech binary code dark red background, photo by WhataWin/AdobeStock

    Cyber Threats to NATO from a Multi-Domain Perspective

    Fully understanding future cyber threats to NATO necessitates looking beyond trends in cyberspace and considering how these shape and are shaped by threats in or across other operational domains. How might adversaries employ cyber capabilities to gain an advantage over NATO forces?

    12 Jan 2021

  • Digital code on dark red background with world map, illustration by WhataWin/Adobe Stock

    The impact of new and emerging technologies on the cyber threat landscape and their implications for NATO

    Using futures methods, researchers explore some of the key technology trends for the coming decade and their potential implications for the future cyber threat landscape and NATO. They also examine challenges that could emerge from individual technologies and complex interactions between them.

    12 Jan 2021

  • abstract

    Reviewing the use and effectiveness of arts-based approaches for public engagement with research

    To raise awareness about a research topic, increase research impact, or help inform the research process and direction, taking an arts-based approach may help to engage the public.

    11 Jan 2021

  • Elder couple work together at computer, photo by Proxima Studio/Adobe Stock

    How to help patients to access and use online services in primary health care

    Researchers are exploring the potential benefits and challenges associated with different models of digital facilitation for primary care, and will design a framework for future evaluations of the effectiveness of such interventions.

    05 Jan 2021

  • Asian male patient getting vaccinated against coronavirus in hospital

    The economic benefits of equitable global access to COVID-19 vaccines

    While the COVID-19 outbreak is foremost a public health crisis, it has also caused substantial damage to the global economy. National governments are spending trillions of dollars to fight the negative economic impact in their own countries, but until vaccines are widely available in every country, the economic burden will continue to be felt worldwide.

    17 Dec 2020

  • Mining of gems, gold and sapphires in the Ihorombe Region of Madagascar, photo by homocosmicos/Adobe Stock

    Identifying conflict-affected and high-risk areas for EU importers of minerals

    RAND Europe is developing and maintaining an updated list of conflict-affected and high-risk areas to facilitate the calibration of due-diligence efforts made by EU importers of specific metals and minerals.

    16 Dec 2020

  • Skull hologram on modern computer background, cybercrime and hacking concept, photo by Igor/Adobe Stock

    Technology and the future of cybercrime

    To prepare for and mitigate the impact of emerging technologies on cybercrime, Estonia could consider broad anti-cybercrime capacity building; seek legal, regulatory and organisational agility; and invest in technological expertise, skills and research.

    15 Dec 2020

  • Bicycles and scooters parked outside terraced houses along a narrow street in Cambridge, photo by Powerofflowers/Adobe Stock

    Estimating the housing affordability gap in the Cambridge travel-to-work area

    Cambridge Ahead asked RAND Europe to examine housing affordability in the Cambridge travel-to-work area. Researchers found that almost half of the households living in this area would financially struggle to live in Cambridge itself.

    10 Dec 2020

  • Dad feeding baby while working from home on laptop computer at dining room table, photo by Inti St. Clair/Adobe Stock

    Developments in Child and Family Policy in the EU in 2019

    This third annual trend report outlines and summarises new policy developments in the area of child and family policy in the 27 EU member states and the UK during 2019. The report provides information on key trends that took place in relation to the provision of early childhood education and care, family leave and actions to improve work-life balance, social and income support for families, and children's right to participation.

    01 Dec 2020

  • Students teasing a fellow pupil, photo by WavebreakMediaMicro/Adobe Stock

    Anti-bullying practices from the repository of the European Platform for Investing in Children

    The European Platform for Investing in Children (EPIC) collects and disseminates innovative and evidence-based practices that have a positive impact on children and families in EU member states. This report showcases a selection of practices collected by EPIC that focus on anti-bullying interventions.

    01 Dec 2020

  • Mother holding baby and working at her computer, photo by Burlingham/Adobe Stock

    Incentivising parents to return to the labour market after parental leave

    Employers in the EU have a wide range of options to incentivise parents of young children to return to work. Government policies addressing the unequal distribution of unpaid (care) work and reducing the gender pay gap would also help increase the employment of mothers.

    25 Nov 2020

  • Medical staff seated in a circle at a case meeting

    Independent evaluation of the Flow Coaching Academy programme

    To help improve patient flow through the healthcare system, researchers evaluated a novel programme that applies team coaching skills and improvement science at the care pathway level.

    25 Nov 2020

  • Person placing euros in a church donation box

    Foreign funding of religious institutions in the Netherlands

    Undesirable influence through foreign donations to religious institutions is of concern to the Dutch government, which asked RAND Europe, together with research collaborator Breuer&Intraval, to conduct an independent study mapping the nature and size of the foreign funding of religious institutions in the country.

    20 Nov 2020

  • Hand raised to stop violence, photo by artit/Adobe Stock

    What factors encourage witnesses of intimate partner violence to help?

    Numerous factors discourage witnesses of intimate partner violence to report to the police or other relevant authorities. Strengthening protection for witnesses and including the option to report anonymously may help encourage witnesses to help.

    13 Nov 2020

  • A person holds a credit card and types on a laptop while online shopping, photo by Ngampol/Adobe Stock

    How Is COVID-19 Changing Online Shopping Habits?

    Americans' online shopping habits have continued to shift during the pandemic. By August 2020, more people were shopping online, and 39 percent reported spending more money on their purchases. People who spent less were likely to have lost employment.

    10 Nov 2020

  • Syringes and COVID-19 vaccine ampoule lying on top of US dollars, photo by JYPIX/Adobe Stock

    COVID-19 and the cost of vaccine nationalism

    Without a vaccine, the worldwide economic impact of COVID-19 could be $3.4 trillion a year. But even when a vaccine is available, an unequal allocation of COVID-19 vaccines could cost the global economy up to $1.2 trillion a year in GDP.

    28 Oct 2020

  • Woman holding another's hands, showing compassion, photo by pressmaster/Adobe Stock

    Ideas to stimulate and sustain innovation in adult social care provision

    The demand for adult social care in the UK is rising and will continue to rise, but the supply of such care is struggling to keep up. Innovation in social care can enable more and better care to be delivered more cost-effectively.

    23 Oct 2020

  • Two men greeting outdoors, photo by Viacheslav Peretiatko/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating a programme to support ex-Service personnel in the criminal justice system

    Researchers identified several improvements that could increase the efficacy of a programme that helps to fund projects aimed at reducing reoffending and supporting ex-Service personnel who have come into contact with the criminal justice system.

    22 Oct 2020

  • UK nurse standing with arms folded, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Estimating the cost of growing the NHS cancer workforce in England by 2029

    Cancer Research UK asked researchers to help determine how much Health Education England would need to increase its budget in order to meet its ambition of growing the NHS cancer workforce by 45 per cent by 2029. Researchers used workforce and cost data to build a demographic stock-flow model to provide important information about which workforces will require the most significant interventions, as well as the estimated costs.

    13 Oct 2020

  • Social worker with adult patient and a dog, photo by M.Dörr & M.Frommherz/Adobe Stock

    Identifying innovations in adult social care and social work

    Researchers identified 158 innovations for potential evaluation and held a workshop with 23 stakeholders to prioritise a shortlist of top innovations to evaluate in adult social care and social work.

    17 Sep 2020

  • Public health vector illustration, VectorMine/Adobe Stock

    What influences improvement processes in healthcare?

    Although many healthcare organisations are engaging in activities to improve the quality of healthcare, there are still considerable challenges in doing so. Additional research on quality improvement could help inform a better understanding of how improvements in patient care can be achieved and sustained.

    15 Sep 2020

  • Family warming their feet in front of home radiator, photo by Evgen/Adobe Stock

    Heat, energy efficiency, smart technology and health evidence review

    Researchers found clear evidence concerning the negative health impacts of poor indoor temperature and ventilation. The study also identified that improved heating technologies and measures to increase the energy efficiency of buildings are effective in improving several key aspects of the indoor environment, though evidence on positive health impacts were mixed.

    03 Sep 2020

  • Doctor's hand and modern laptop computer with virtual icon diagram, photo by everythingpossible/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the performance of the oncology healthcare system

    Researchers identified a number of key indicators that can be used to analyse elements of the oncology health system from different perspectives, and then used these indicators to create an overarching scorecard for oncology ecosystem performance.

    27 Aug 2020

  • A Stormer vehicle in Silhouette during Ex Javelin, September 2014, photo by Sgt Mark Webster RLC/MOD Open Government Licence

    Towards a UK strategy for integrated air and missile defence (IAMD)

    The Global Strategic Partnership developed and tested alternative conceptual lenses for thinking about the specific challenges and opportunities of IAMD in the UK context. The research was used by the Ministry of Defence to inform strategy and policy development.

    30 Jul 2020