RAND Europe Research

Explore our current and recently completed research projects, or visit a research topic or method to learn more about a specific area of research.

Latest Research

  • Family warming their feet in front of home radiator, photo by Evgen/Adobe Stock

    Heat, energy efficiency, smart technology and health evidence review

    03 Sep 2020

    Researchers found clear evidence concerning the negative health impacts of poor indoor temperature and ventilation. The study also identified that improved heating technologies and measures to increase the energy efficiency of buildings are effective in improving several key aspects of the indoor environment, though evidence on positive health impacts were mixed.

  • Doctor's hand and modern laptop computer with virtual icon diagram, photo by everythingpossible/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the performance of the oncology healthcare system

    27 Aug 2020

    Researchers identified a number of key indicators that can be used to analyse elements of the oncology health system from different perspectives, and then used these indicators to create an overarching scorecard for oncology ecosystem performance.

  • A Stormer vehicle in Silhouette during Ex Javelin, September 2014, photo by Sgt Mark Webster RLC/MOD Open Government Licence

    Towards a UK strategy for integrated air and missile defence (IAMD)

    30 Jul 2020

    The Global Strategic Partnership developed and tested alternative conceptual lenses for thinking about the specific challenges and opportunities of IAMD in the UK context. The research was used by the Ministry of Defence to inform strategy and policy development.

  • Careers advisor meeting female university student, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Examining the quality of career guidance in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough

    21 Jul 2020

    Surveying 54 secondary schools and colleges and interviewing 10 career guidance service providers, researchers produced a comprehensive picture of how career guidance is provided in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough, and how these services meet the needs of children and young people.

  • High angle view of the city of Cambridge, UK, photo by offcaania/AdobeStock

    How quality of life informs local decision making

    20 Jul 2020

    Quality of life measures have shaped decision making when planned and implemented early, but there is little evidence to suggest that quality of life measures are being used by local policymakers in Cambridge, UK.

  • People sitting together in a discussion

    Evaluating the development of the Q initiative from 2016-2020

    13 Jul 2020

    The Q initiative has established itself as an important resource for quality improvement in health and care, supporting members with skills, new relationships and self-confidence. However, to deliver change at scale there is a need to build on these achievements.

  • amsterdam, coffee shop, cannabis, maria, marijuana, bar, libero, libertà, canna, olanda, paesi bassi, orange, città, canale, luci rosse, quartiere, proibito, legge

    Evaluating the closed coffeeshop chain cannabis experiment in the Netherlands

    07 Jul 2020

    Researchers are examining the possible effects of a new experiment to cultivate and deliver quality-controlled cannabis through a closed supply chain for coffeeshops in the Netherlands.

  • An Amazon worker delivers packages amid the COVID-19 outbreak in Denver, Colorado, April 22, 2020, photo by Kevin Mohatt/Reuters

    Online Shopping: Many Americans' Habits Haven't Changed During COVID-19

    07 Jul 2020

    Almost two-thirds of Americans haven't changed their online shopping habits since the pandemic began. About one-quarter are shopping online more, but 13 percent are actually shopping online less.

  • How Middle Eastern SMEs are coping with COVID-19

    06 Jul 2020

    A survey of small and medium-sized enterprises in the Middle East and Turkey, targeted particularly at businesses owned by migrants, women and young people, sought to understand the impact of COVID-19 on their work and what can be done to support them during the pandemic.

  • Business people at work in a busy office space, photo by alfa27/Adobe Stock

    Assisting SMEs with skills management

    02 Jul 2020

    RAND Europe is conducting a series of interviews with relevant stakeholders to examine if it is feasible to develop a data driven tool or service that would help small and medium sized businesses with skills management.

  • A hospital damaged in an attack on a U.S. military air base in Bagram, north of Kabul, Afghanistan, December 11, 2019, photo by Mohammad Ismail/Reuters

    Examining violence against healthcare

    01 Jul 2020

    RAND Europe explored the nature of violence against healthcare, the impact of this violence, and corresponding interventions on a global scale – the first time an evidence review of this scale has been undertaken in this area.

  • Woman shopping for organic produce in delicatessen, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Consumer behaviours and attitudes to food in the UK

    26 Jun 2020

    The way people buy food is changing, and the sales of ethical and sustainable produce have increased. Eating food from outside the home is increasingly common, and what people consume still falls short of dietary guidelines. The reasons vary, and several policy levers may exist to influence people's food choices.

  • Close-up of police body camera, photo by Lutsenko Oleksandr/Adobe Stock

    Assessing the impacts of digital government transformation in the EU

    26 Jun 2020

    A case study on the use of body worn cameras by police forces in the UK offers an example of how governments can potentially take advantage of emerging digital technologies to address systemic challenges.

  • Computer keyboard with VOTE keys

    The benefits and drawbacks of remote voting solutions

    25 Jun 2020

    RAND Europe and Open Evidence examined the extent to which remote voting solutions—particularly internet voting—are employed in the European member states. The research identified the costs, risks and challenges associated with seven remote voting options.

  • Red and green figures of people indicating influence on their surroundings, photo by Andrey Yalanskiy (Андрей Яланский)/Adobe Stock

    Using machine learning to detect malign information efforts online

    23 Jun 2020

    Social media is increasingly being used by human and automated users to distort information, erode trust in democracy and incite extremist views. Our research produced a machine learning model that can successfully detect Russian trolls.

  • A Merlin helicopter comes in to drop off a Remover 3.1 mast during a snowy morning whilst on a helicopter flight trial at JADTEU, RAF Brize Norton, photo by 1st SAC David Turnbull/Royal Air Force Open Government License

    Implications of climate change for UK defence and security

    17 Jun 2020

    Looking to 2035, the Ministry of Defence could play a key role in developing robust policy and programming on climate change. Researchers identified six high-level recommendations to support the MOD in developing an approach to address climate-related issues.

  • Preschool children and teacher playing with xylophone, photo by Bernard Bodo/Adobe Stock

    Strengthening the quality of early childhood education and care through inclusion

    16 Jun 2020

    Ensuring effective access to quality early childhood education and care for all remains a challenge in Europe, especially for those from disadvantaged backgrounds. This policy memo helps decision makers better understand this challenge and suggests some possible solutions.

  • Vaccination in vial with syringe, by BillionPhotos.com/Adobe Stock

    From COVID-19 Research to Vaccine Application

    09 Jun 2020

    Moving from vaccine discovery research to developed products, policies and practice often takes years, not months. Monitoring the development of a COVID-19 vaccine may help to identify which of the approaches speeding development and deployment could be usefully applied more widely in the future.

  • Scientist working with a diagnostics kit to detect the virus that causes COVID-19, photo by anyaivanova/Getty Images

    How to best enable pharma innovation beyond the COVID-19 crisis

    26 May 2020

    Innovating in response to public health challenges like COVID-19 does not always align well with pharmaceutical industry commercial models or shareholder expectations. More sustainable and scalable ways of incentivising innovation in response to infectious disease threats are needed.

  • Little girl blows and brings out letters of words

    Early language intervention shows promise

    06 May 2020

    A randomised controlled trial into the effectiveness of the Nuffield Early Language Intervention found that it appeared to have a positive impact on children’s language skills and that training and support for staff also had a positive effect on children.

  • Futuristic digital business cryptocurrency candle chart, illustration by Eduard Muzhevskyi/Adobe Stock

    Exploring the criminal use of Zcash and cryptocurrencies

    06 May 2020

    While most transactions made with virtual coins are legitimate, cryptocurrencies have also been used for criminal purposes. Researchers found no evidence of widespread illicit use of Zcash, but that may be because malicious users do not fully understand its operating model.

  • The U.S. Army hosted a Russian Vienna Document inspection team to observe exercise Saber Guardian at Novo Selo Training Area, Bulgaria, 2017, photo by U.S. Army

    Conventional arms control in Europe needs a new approach

    27 Apr 2020

    Conventional arms control (CAC) was a crucial element of the negotiations that ended the Cold War peacefully. Today, however, the CAC regime is outdated and largely irrelevant. What new CAC measures could lower the risk of conflict in Europe?

  • First Sea Lord Admiral Tony Radakin CB ADC Speaks to guests as HMS Prince of Wales arrives in Portsmouth, photo by LPhot Ben Corbett/Royal Navy Imagery Database

    The utility of military force and public understanding in today's Britain

    16 Apr 2020

    To generate a mature attitude to the use of armed force and, if necessary, to the utility of war itself, Britain will require a mature debate about defence—one that trusts and engages the public and allows the armed forces to participate in the discussion, and in which the government enables and enhances the structures to permit those conversations.

  • Elderly patient waiting for a doctor in hospital, photo by pongmoji/Adobe Stock

    How, and how much, do migrants use UK health services?

    30 Mar 2020

    Recent arrivals to the UK use the NHS significantly less than the UK-born population, though the difference narrows when adjusted for age and self-assessed health. However, more work is needed to provide insights to policy makers on migrant use of the NHS, their health needs, and the quality of health care received.

  • Norwegian Coast rangers sailing outside of Harstad during exercise Cold Response 2020, photo by Emil Wenaas Larsen / Forsvaret (Norwegian Armed Forces)

    Deterrence and defence in NATO's north

    26 Mar 2020

    Key NATO allies regard Norway as being able to ‘punch above its weight’ in the North Atlantic and High North regions, but Norway does face pressing political, strategic, and military challenges, as well as wider security threats to societal resilience.