RAND Europe Research

Explore our current and recently completed research projects, or visit a research topic or method to learn more about a specific area of research.

Latest Research

  • Objects useful in emergency situations such as natural disasters, photo by photka/Adobe Stock

    Strategic surveillance for food safety

    14 May 2019

    Because the UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) needed an approach to strategic surveillance, researchers designed an approach to strategic surveillance as well as an effective approach to selecting and prioritising topics and improving communication and coordination.

  • Recovery freeway exit sign

    Evaluation of drug and alcohol "payment by results" pilots

    03 May 2019

    Eight drug and alcohol recovery PbR pilots were evaluated to assess whether this new funding approach can stimulate the market to provide different services in these areas and encourage development of more effective recovery programmes.

  • Young man drawing on canvas, photo by pressmaster/Adobe Stock

    Toolkit measures intermediate outcomes to reduce reoffending

    27 Mar 2019

    For most people, desistance from crime is a process, rather an event. Researchers produced a user-friendly questionnaire that can be used by those working with offenders to capture ‘intermediate outcomes’ — indicators of positive changes which may signal progress towards an offence-free future.

  • Seniors playing cards in a retirement home

    Better evaluations can support the needs of older people in the UK

    25 Mar 2019

    Researchers explored how to improve the evaluation and evaluability of services for older people in the UK and made several recommendations for different stakeholder groups, including commissioners, evaluators, service providers, and national policymakers in NGOs and government.

  • Elderly man unloading the dishwasher

    Evaluation of the Southwark and Lambeth Integrated Care Older People's Programme

    22 Mar 2019

    Researchers assessed changes in hospital utilisation following implementation of case management interventions in two boroughs of south London, in comparison to similar populations elsewhere. They found that the additional investment made through the programme cost more than it saved, possibly through the identification of unmet need.

  • World map and technology concept, photo by ivanastar/Getty Images

    Case studies provide lessons in oversight of emerging S&T

    21 Mar 2019

    Ten case studies examine science and technology oversight around the world. Based on these studies, researchers compiled a list of lessons for policymakers and stakeholders interested in encouraging and enabling emerging technology.

  • Person using digital medical interface with a pen 3D rendering, photo by sdecoret/Adobe Stock

    Analysing Norway's health research and innovation system

    13 Mar 2019

    Researchers are developing case study examples of international health research and innovation initiatives and their key messages, to help support DAMVAD Analytics’ recommendations for the Norwegian health research and innovation system.

  • Man sits on a bed at night, photo by cliplab.pro/Adobe Stock

    How nightly bathroom trips affect health and productivity

    12 Mar 2019

    Nocturia —waking two or more times per night to void — is a common condition associated with lower life satisfaction, work engagement and productivity. An economic analysis also finds it costs up to $79 billion lost economic output per year across six countries.

  • Businessman and businesswoman discussing hanging paperwork in office

    Developing tools to assess research evidence for policymakers and practitioners

    01 Mar 2019

    Researchers developed recommendations for the College of Policing and the Education Endowment Foundation on how to assess evidence from research studies and make evidence-informed recommendations for practitioners and policymakers.

  • Cyber security concept with computer screen requesting authentication credentials

    Taking stock of local government cybersecurity

    22 Feb 2019

    A stocktake of existing cybersecurity arrangements within all councils in England covered IT security but also leadership, governance, technology arrangements and training. Training and awareness of cyber security issues and arrangements offer the greatest opportunity for improvement.

  • Chemotherapy medication

    Making outcome-based payment a reality in the NHS: Phase 1

    21 Feb 2019

    Researchers assessed a new approach to paying for cancer drugs in England’s National Health Service based on achieved outcomes. Their findings may help to improve patient access to medicines and ensure value for the NHS.

  • Group of people providing input

    Enabling public contributions to health research

    15 Feb 2019

    Patient and public involvement (PPI) in health research can take place at different levels and across stages of a research cycle. Despite challenges, the growing focus on and increased commitment to PPI over the past decade has revealed some key enabling mechanisms and rewards.

  • Organising for excellence

    15 Feb 2019

    An exploration and review of international evidence around best practices in organisational design for research funding bodies has helped to inform the design of the umbrella organisation UK Research and Innovation (UKRI). The research also contributed to decisions around governance structures and strategy.

  • A focus on education

    06 Feb 2019

    Education stands at the forefront of policy agendas as children grow up in an increasingly complex and connected world. A focus on education looks at the core areas in education, detailing RAND Europe's expertise and work in the sector.

  • Two happy elderly women sitting on a bench outdoors using earphones to listen to music on their smart phones

    Exploring Community-Based Social Innovations (CBSIs) for Healthy Ageing

    05 Feb 2019

    Researchers examined how CBSIs function across a number of rapidly ageing countries. They documented the policies, programmes and health system factors underpinning their success and provided recommendations for implementing policies and the CBSIs themselves.

  • Dutch Army Open house / Open door Landmachtdagen 2012 in Oirschot

    Opportunities for collaborative armoured vehicle investment

    23 Jan 2019

    The European Defence Agency noticed an opportunity to align their member states' armoured vehicle fleet procurement and development programmes and plans. Researchers identified five potential collaboration models that could offer financial, operational, and strategic benefits compared to purely national efforts.

  • Working on a computer

    Violent Extremism Evaluation Measurement (VEEM) Framework

    14 Jan 2019

    A key challenge in counter violent extremism evaluation is the lack of commonly agreed metrics to measure behavioural changes in people. RAND Europe researchers developed a web-based framework that lists behavioural categories, attributes, and suggested measurement tools.

  • Global technology, innovation, and growth concept drawing

    Econometric modelling support links research and innovation to jobs and growth

    21 Dec 2018

    RAND Europe researchers assessed research and innovation reforms in EU countries to improve the modelling of policy impacts within the European Commission's QUEST III macroeconomic model.

  • Armed soldier polices cyber space

    Updating the Study on the Development of a European Cyber Defence Centre

    21 Dec 2018

    An update to the study on an EU Cyber Defence Centre for Common Security & Defence Policy crisis management operations helped inform a number of work and policy initiatives and contributed to the launch of the cyber education, training, exercise and evaluation platform at the European Security and Defence College.

  • Graphic concept representing a security vulnerability search

    The economics of vulnerability disclosure

    19 Dec 2018

    Because economic incentives play a key role in whether users, vendors, finders and coordinators disclose hardware and software vulnerabilities once they have been discovered, governments should adopt a coordinated vulnerability disclosure policy.

  • Bright idea concept with light bulb

    How to translate research and drive innovation

    13 Dec 2018

    To ensure the continued excellence of the UK’s research and innovation (R&I) base, the existence and continuity of funding is key. Additionally, numerous interacting conditions are needed to translate research and stimulate innovation, but there is no ‘magic formula’ for these conditions to be implemented.

  • Innovation concept with augmented reality

    Measuring the distribution of benefits of research and innovation

    13 Dec 2018

    Economic analyses offer a compelling case for the benefits that research and innovation (R&I) can deliver, but R&I also offers numerous benefits that are either not easily monetised or not well understood. These include benefits to culture, public engagement, social cohesion and the environment.

  • How to enable NHS staff to contribute to healthcare research

    12 Dec 2018

    The Healthcare Improvement Studies Institute sought evidence of why and how NHS staff contribute to healthcare research, as well as their associated engagement challenges and potential enabling mechanisms.

  • Reducing violent and antisocial behaviour at football events

    11 Dec 2018

    To help Qatar prepare for upcoming sporting events, researchers examined the nature of, and the factors associated with, antisocial and violent behaviour at football matches and how effective existing approaches are in preventing and responding to these behaviours.

  • Kits of supplies containing syringes, bandaids, and antiseptic pads in a safe injection site called Quai 9 near Geneva main train station, Switzerland, October 14, 2010

    Considering heroin-assisted treatment and supervised drug sites

    06 Dec 2018

    The US is undergoing an opioid crisis. One in eight adults reports having had a family member or close friend die from opioids. Two interventions that have been implemented in the UK and Germany are heroin-assisted treatment and supervised consumption sites. What does the evidence suggest about these programmes, and could they be implemented in the US?