Defence and Security Research

RAND Europe conducts a broad range of research for policy makers in Europe and beyond. The RAND Corporation has long been recognized for its contributions to defence and security policy. The wide-ranging experience of our researchers furthers this tradition.

With expertise on key defence topics such as as equipment acquisition and personnel policy, RAND Europe advises the UK Ministry of Defence, NATO members, and beyond. Researchers also help organisations and states develop resilience in areas including cyber and counterterror, among other issues of domestic and international concern.

Featured Research

  • The cost of terrorism in Europe

    Despite the infrequent nature of terrorist attacks, the range of impacts on EU citizens remains significant. Researchers are calculating the cost of terrorism in Europe between 2004 and 2016, with a focus on the effects on GDP growth.

Selected Research

  • Challenges and Opportunities for Operationalising Border Security Research

    26 Mar 2018

    RAND Europe examined how border security research is set up, managed and operationalised in the EU, US, Canada and Australia in order to understand how these processes could be improved in the EU.

  • How to evaluate counterterrorism policies and interventions

    09 Feb 2018

    Researchers are developing an inventory of evaluations of policies and programmes pertaining to counterterrorism (CT) and preventing and countering violent extremism (PCVE). The study will analyse the evaluations to identify lessons and recommendations to help advance evaluation practice in the fields of CT and PCVE.

  • Landscaping cyber defence capabilities in Europe

    08 Feb 2018

    The European Defence Agency has commissioned a review of European cyber defence capabilities. This research will augment the EU Cyber Defence Policy Framework reporting with a comprehensive and full spectrum view of cyber defence capabilities.

  • Opportunities for collaborative armoured vehicle investment

    09 Nov 2017

    To support the screening phase of potential collaboration opportunities carried out by the European Defence Agency, researchers are examining the potential value of cooperation in armoured vehicle programmes, including development, acquisition, operation, and support aspects.

  • Social Media in Africa: A Double-Edged Sword for Security and Development

    03 Oct 2017

    RAND is conducting research into the links between social media use and online radicalisation in seven African countries. With a focus on ISIL, al-Shabaab and Boko Haram, the study maps governmental efforts to address the problem and sets out recommendations for policy and programming.

  • Dark Web Enables Illegal Arms Trade in Europe

    20 Jul 2017

    The dark web is an enabler for the circulation of illegal weapons already on the black market, as well as a potential source of diversion for legally owned weapons. Although the arms trade is small in volume compared to other products trafficked online, its potential impact on international security is significant.

  • Providing Medical Support to Light Footprint Operations

    09 Jun 2017

    Within the European Common Security and Defence Policy context, many challenges preclude providing effective medical support to Light Footprint Operations. Improving standards for greater interoperability is one of many recommendations.

  • What Works in Tackling Violent Radicalisation and Extremism?

    25 May 2017

    Violent radicalisation and extremism are one of the most severe and immediate security threats facing European society in the early 21st century. IMPACT Europe aimed to fill the gap in understanding of what works in tackling and preventing these phenomena.