Defence and Security Research

RAND Europe conducts a broad range of research for policy makers in Europe and beyond. The RAND Corporation has long been recognized for its contributions to defence and security policy. The wide-ranging experience of our researchers furthers this tradition.

With expertise on key defence topics such as as equipment acquisition and personnel policy, RAND Europe advises the UK Ministry of Defence, NATO members, and beyond. Researchers also help organisations and states develop resilience in areas including cyber and counterterror, among other issues of domestic and international concern.

Featured Research

  • The cost of terrorism in Europe

    Terrorism is negatively associated with economic growth in Europe. Between 2004 and 2016, the 28 EU member states lost around €180 billion in GDP terms due to terrorist attacks, in addition to the human toll through loss-of-life and injuries.

Selected Research

  • How resilience affects the transition experiences of UK Service leavers

    28 Jun 2018

    Most UK Service leavers experience successful transitions to civilian life, but some face challenges. Our researchers looked into the role of resilience in successful transitions.

  • Opportunities for collaborative armoured vehicle investment

    04 Sep 2018

    The European Defence Agency noticed an opportunity to align their member states' armoured vehicle fleet procurement and development programmes and plans. Researchers identified five potential collaboration models that could offer financial, operational, and strategic benefits compared to purely national efforts.

  • Toolbox aims to support cybersecurity capacity building

    02 Aug 2018

    Using the GCSCC’s Cyber Security Capacity Maturity Model, researchers developed a proof-of-concept toolbox that presents guidelines and approaches for government officials and cybersecurity practitioners interested in cybersecurity capacity building.

  • Building evidence on defence-related skills

    16 Jul 2018

    RAND Europe and the Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini are building the evidence base on shortages, gaps and mismatches in defence-related skills. The research aims to deliver a sectoral skills strategy that is agreed and validated by stakeholders.

  • Exploring Europe's defence capability requirements for 2035 and beyond

    06 Jul 2018

    A multi-disciplinary study on behalf of the European Defence Agency found the need for conventional weapons systems will persist and the need for cyberspace capabilities will increase. Also, more coordination of existing R&D programmes is needed across the various EDA member states.

  • The future of Arctic cooperation in a changing strategic environment

    08 Jun 2018

    A table-top exercise examined factors that could potentially upset Arctic cooperation in the coming decade. While there is potential for tensions to rise if nations in the Arctic region make claims on disputed resources, the exercise found that they are more likely to respect established international norms than attempt to circumvent them.

  • Challenges and Opportunities for Operationalising Border Security Research

    26 Mar 2018

    RAND Europe examined how border security research is set up, managed and operationalised in the EU, US, Canada and Australia in order to understand how these processes could be improved in the EU.

  • How to evaluate counterterrorism policies and interventions

    09 Feb 2018

    Researchers are developing an inventory of evaluations of policies and programmes pertaining to counterterrorism (CT) and preventing and countering violent extremism (PCVE). The study will analyse the evaluations to identify lessons and recommendations to help advance evaluation practice in the fields of CT and PCVE.