Defence and Security Research

RAND Europe conducts a broad range of research for policy makers in Europe and beyond. The RAND Corporation has long been recognized for its contributions to defence and security policy. The wide-ranging experience of our researchers furthers this tradition.

With expertise on key defence topics such as equipment acquisition and personnel policy, RAND Europe advises the UK Ministry of Defence, NATO members, and beyond. Researchers also help organisations and states develop resilience in areas including cyber and counterterror, among other issues of domestic and international concern.

Featured Research

  • Rotterdam skyline, photo by mihaiulia/Getty Images

    Economy and national security in the Netherlands

    Researchers developed insights into the relationships between the economy and national security, focusing in particular on the characteristics and performance of the economy of the Netherlands and the consequences this may have for its national security.

Selected Research

  • Conceptual representation of the protection and interaction of the personal data of the inhabitants of the planet and industrial data using artificial intelligence and the Internet of things, photo by kosssmosss/Adobe Stock

    How AI can support the European Border and Coast Guard

    Researchers are exploring how Frontex, Europe's border and coast guard agency, can maximise the opportunity provided by artificial intelligence to support the management of the EU's external borders.

  • Family, mother, father, kid, baby, son, couple, love, holidays, nature, picnic, three, male, female, glasses, hipster, woman, man, friends, outdoors, summer, spring, launch, outing, junket, barbecue, basket dinner, trendy, relationships, fun, nice, family values, sunglasses, cafe, party, grass, green, healthy, caucasian, white, beautifull, pretty, family

    Improving the financial stability of military families in the UK

    To examine the factors that may affect the financial stability of current and former UK Service personnel and their families, RAND Europe and the Army Families Federation are conducting a 10-month study on behalf of the Forces in Mind Trust (FiMT).

  • Global Strategic Partnership helps to inform UK Defence

    The Global Strategic Partnership (GSP), a consortium that spans research, academia and industry and is led by RAND Europe, provides ongoing academic and analytical support to the UK Ministry of Defence’s Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre.

  • Internet security and data protection concept, photo by anyaberkut/Adobe Stock

    Examining the state-of-the-art in cybersecurity

    An overarching challenge in the field of cybersecurity is its complexity and poor definition. Research often suffers from inadequate or missing data and methods – both in the technical and the policy domains. Additionally, knowledge or research gaps are frequent and often persistent.

  • Silhouette of helicopter with soldiers conducting rescue operation

    Collaborative investment in military multirole helicopters can save money

    Researchers identified four areas of potential savings that could result from cooperation among European Defence Agency member states in developing, acquiring, operating, and supporting light-weight and medium-weight multirole helicopter programmes.

  • Cyber security concept with computer screen requesting authentication credentials

    Taking stock of local government cybersecurity

    A stocktake of existing cybersecurity arrangements within all councils in England covered IT security but also leadership, governance, technology arrangements and training. Training and awareness of cyber security issues and arrangements offer the greatest opportunity for improvement.

  • Dutch Army Open house / Open door Landmachtdagen 2012 in Oirschot

    Opportunities for collaborative armoured vehicle investment

    The European Defence Agency noticed an opportunity to align their member states' armoured vehicle fleet procurement and development programmes and plans. Researchers identified five potential collaboration models that could offer financial, operational, and strategic benefits compared to purely national efforts.

  • Working on a computer

    Violent Extremism Evaluation Measurement (VEEM) Framework

    A key challenge in counter violent extremism evaluation is the lack of commonly agreed metrics to measure behavioural changes in people. RAND Europe researchers developed a web-based framework that lists behavioural categories, attributes, and suggested measurement tools.