Defence and Security Research

RAND Europe conducts a broad range of research for policy makers in Europe and beyond. The RAND Corporation has long been recognized for its contributions to defence and security policy. The wide-ranging experience of our researchers furthers this tradition.

With expertise on key defence topics such as equipment acquisition and personnel policy, RAND Europe advises the UK Ministry of Defence, NATO members, and beyond. Researchers also help organisations and states develop resilience in areas including cyber and counterterror, among other issues of domestic and international concern.

Featured Research

Selected Research

  • Rotterdam skyline, photo by mihaiulia/Getty Images

    Economy and national security in the Netherlands

    15 Mar 2019

    Researchers are working to develop insights into the relationships between the economy and national security, focusing in particular on the characteristics and performance of the economy of the Netherlands and the consequences this may have for its national security.

  • Cyber security concept with computer screen requesting authentication credentials

    Taking stock of local government cybersecurity

    22 Feb 2019

    A stocktake of existing cybersecurity arrangements within all councils in England covered IT security but also leadership, governance, technology arrangements and training. Training and awareness of cyber security issues and arrangements offer the greatest opportunity for improvement.

  • Dutch Army Open house / Open door Landmachtdagen 2012 in Oirschot

    Opportunities for collaborative armoured vehicle investment

    23 Jan 2019

    The European Defence Agency noticed an opportunity to align their member states' armoured vehicle fleet procurement and development programmes and plans. Researchers identified five potential collaboration models that could offer financial, operational, and strategic benefits compared to purely national efforts.

  • Working on a computer

    Violent Extremism Evaluation Measurement (VEEM) Framework

    14 Jan 2019

    A key challenge in counter violent extremism evaluation is the lack of commonly agreed metrics to measure behavioural changes in people. RAND Europe researchers developed a web-based framework that lists behavioural categories, attributes, and suggested measurement tools.

  • Armed soldier polices cyber space

    Updating the Study on the Development of a European Cyber Defence Centre

    21 Dec 2018

    An update to the study on an EU Cyber Defence Centre for Common Security & Defence Policy crisis management operations helped inform a number of work and policy initiatives and contributed to the launch of the cyber education, training, exercise and evaluation platform at the European Security and Defence College.

  • Graphic concept representing a security vulnerability search

    The economics of vulnerability disclosure

    19 Dec 2018

    Because economic incentives play a key role in whether users, vendors, finders and coordinators disclose hardware and software vulnerabilities once they have been discovered, governments should adopt a coordinated vulnerability disclosure policy.

  • Hand silhouette working on a laptop keyboard

    Social media in Africa presents double-edged sword

    05 Nov 2018

    The spread of social media in Africa has brought many economic and political benefits, while also equipping terrorist groups with a tool for recruitment and propaganda. Researchers examined the links between social media use and online radicalisation in six African countries, drawing on primary Twitter data analysis.

  • Dutch police on security patrol

    How to evaluate counterterrorism policies and interventions

    25 Oct 2018

    Initiatives to prevent and counter terrorism and violent extremism are rarely evaluated and are often designed on the basis of untested assumptions. Researchers developed and reviewed an inventory of 48 evaluations conducted between 2013 and 2017 to draw practical lessons and recommendations.