Cybersecurity, Technology & Innovation

Cyberspace is important for economic growth, openness and democracy. In 2011, nearly three quarters of European households had Internet access at home. According to the OECD, countries with high investment in information communications technology (ICT) possess stronger economic growth. Social networking sites played an important role in galvanising support for the Arab Spring.

RAND Europe has conducted a range of research in various domains relating to cybersecurity and technology, including:

  • How cyber security is treated at the national level
  • Cyber-crime and computer and network misuse
  • Privacy and security regulation and technology issues

Featured Research

  • Internet security and data protection concept, photo by anyaberkut/Adobe Stock

    Examining the state-of-the-art in cybersecurity

    An overarching challenge in the field of cybersecurity is its complexity and poor definition. Research often suffers from inadequate or missing data and methods – both in the technical and the policy domains. Additionally, knowledge or research gaps are frequent and often persistent.

Selected Research

  • Conceptual representation of the protection and interaction of the personal data of the inhabitants of the planet and industrial data using artificial intelligence and the Internet of things, photo by kosssmosss/Adobe Stock

    How AI can support the European Border and Coast Guard

    Researchers are exploring how Frontex, Europe's border and coast guard agency, can maximise the opportunity provided by artificial intelligence to support the management of the EU's external borders.

  • Cyber security concept with computer screen requesting authentication credentials

    Taking stock of local government cybersecurity

    A stocktake of existing cybersecurity arrangements within all councils in England covered IT security but also leadership, governance, technology arrangements and training. Training and awareness of cyber security issues and arrangements offer the greatest opportunity for improvement.

  • Armed soldier polices cyber space

    Updating the Study on the Development of a European Cyber Defence Centre

    An update to the study on an EU Cyber Defence Centre for Common Security & Defence Policy crisis management operations helped inform a number of work and policy initiatives and contributed to the launch of the cyber education, training, exercise and evaluation platform at the European Security and Defence College.

  • Graphic concept representing a security vulnerability search

    The economics of vulnerability disclosure

    Because economic incentives play a key role in whether users, vendors, finders and coordinators disclose hardware and software vulnerabilities once they have been discovered, governments should adopt a coordinated vulnerability disclosure policy.

  • Visualisation of the communication network in Tokyo

    Lessons for safeguarding the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games

    Researchers explored the cybersecurity threat landscape of the Tokyo 2020 Olympics, the lessons that can be learned from previous Olympic Games, which actors pose a cybersecurity threat, and what policy options can help planners mitigate these risks.

  • Global internet security illustration

    Toolbox aims to support cybersecurity capacity building

    Using the GCSCC’s Cyber Security Capacity Maturity Model, researchers developed a proof-of-concept toolbox that presents guidelines and approaches for government officials and cybersecurity practitioners interested in cybersecurity capacity building.

  • European Union map made out of binary code

    Landscaping cyber defence capabilities in Europe

    The European Defence Agency has commissioned a review of European cyber defence capabilities. This research will augment the EU Cyber Defence Policy Framework reporting with a comprehensive and full spectrum view of cyber defence capabilities.

  • Laptop and cursor with a gun icon pattern

    Dark web enables illegal arms trade in Europe

    The dark web is an enabler for the circulation of illegal weapons already on the black market, as well as a potential source of diversion for legally owned weapons. Although the arms trade is small in volume compared to other products trafficked online, its potential impact on international security is significant.