Research Projects on Defence and Security

  • Close up picture of people sitting in a circle, photo by zinkevych/Adobe Stock

    Helping local authorities to support members of the armed forces community

    01 Sep 2021

    The Armed Forces Covenant Fund Trust’s Strengthening Delivery Programme had a positive impact, and local authorities that received grants to implement and improve service delivery viewed the funding as essential to the gains achieved. Researchers will now evaluate the continuation programme.

  • Military man launching drones in field, photo by Framestock/Adobe Stock

    Innovative technologies shaping the 2040 battlefield

    04 Aug 2021

    Technological change alone is unlikely to fundamentally alter the nature of the future battlefield but will continue to shape the character of warfare. The full effect of technological advances may only materialise in conjunction with enabling infrastructure or other technologies and, in Europe, may be shaped by EU-specific enablers and barriers.

  • Big data futuristic abstract visualization with map, illustration by monsitj/Adobe Stock

    Protecting human rights in the digital age

    04 Aug 2021

    Interventions to foster and strengthen safeguards for human rights in the digital age take place in a rapidly evolving technology, political and socio-cultural landscape. Several overarching principles could inform and guide organisations' capacity-building efforts.

  • Rwandan troops arrive on a U.S. Air Force C-130 cargo plane at El Fasher airport in Darfur, as part of an African Union peacekeeping effort in western Sudan, October 30, 2004, photo by Finbarr O'Reilly/Reuters

    The challenges and opportunities of strategic airlift in Africa

    22 Jul 2021

    A complex mix of global and geographically specific challenges inhibit the coordination and optimisation for airlift into the African theatre. Researchers explored the potential use of other modes of transport to create multi-modal solutions.

  • Studio shot of a civilian and serviceman shaking hands,pPhoto by Harland Quarrington/Crown Copyright Open Government License

    Investigating the impact of the Armed Forces Covenant

    21 Jul 2021

    The third instalment of FiMT’s ‘Our Community Our Covenant’ reports, this project will provide new evidence in three key areas and also explore the impact COVID-19 may have had on the Armed Forces Community.

  • A 50th Anniversary Puma helicopter flies over the Oxofordshire countryside on 2nd July 2021, photo by Hannah Smoker, RAF Benson/Crown Copyright

    Understanding the contribution of defence to UK prosperity

    14 Jul 2021

    To help the UK Ministry of Defence in establishing a quantifiable measure of defence contribution to UK prosperity, researchers examined five methodologies, delivered pilot studies to assess them, and recommended how they could be developed further.

  • Union Jack on British soldier's uniform, photo by MoiraM/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the value of defence

    13 Jul 2021

    Because various factors affect how different groups view the value of defence, researchers recommend six actions to help the UK defence establishment articulate a more compelling value proposition to multiple audiences.

  • Helicopter aviation plant, photo by agnormark/Adobe Stock

    Productivity challenges and UK defence supply chains

    06 Jul 2021

    Researchers identified six cross-cutting challenges and barriers faced by small and medium-sized companies attempting to enter and operate in the UK’s defence market.

  • Silhouette of man in front of computer screen, photo by Sander van der Werf/Adobe Stock

    Examining hateful extremism within society during COVID-19

    02 Jul 2021

    An exploration of the links between hateful extremism and false information identified online interventions and policy responses and suggested policy considerations and areas that would benefit from further exploration.

  • A Challenger 2 tank on Castlemartin Ranges in Pembrokeshire, Wales, photo by Cpl Si Longworth RLC (Phot)/CC BY-NC 2.0

    Assessing the challenges in UK defence equipment acquisition

    24 Jun 2021

    Three broad drivers of common defence programme cost and schedule problems could be mitigated by establishing effective challenge processes, professionalising certain job functions, driving a focus on risk management and understanding, and embedding clear lessons-learned processes.

  • Digital data concept, illustration by thodonal/Adobe Stock

    Insights from the Bin Laden Archive

    05 May 2021

    An analysis of the contents of Osama Bin Laden's archive, conducted at the request of the Dutch government, uncovered a promising text cluster that could help generate novel insights and knowledge about Al Qa’ida during follow-on research.

  • Reservists from 7 Battalion, The Rifles Reinforcing a Dam During Flooding, photo by Cpl Richard Cave LBPPA/Defence Images

    Crisis response in a changing climate

    04 May 2021

    Researchers identified climate change challenges likely to emerge and propose five concrete policy actions that the UK Ministry of Defence could take to mitigate the impact of climate change on crisis response situations.

  • Conceptual representation of the protection and interaction of the personal data of the inhabitants of the planet and industrial data using artificial intelligence and the Internet of things, photo by kosssmosss/Adobe Stock

    How AI can support the European Border and Coast Guard

    29 Mar 2021

    Three baseline gaps should be addressed to maximise the opportunities provided by artificial intelligence in European border security: knowledge gaps between stakeholder groups; organisational, structural, cultural and expertise gaps; and broader gaps in the evidence base.

  • Military personnel meeting in computing facility, photo by Gorodenkoff Productions OU/Adobe Stock

    Creating operational advantage through military diversity

    15 Mar 2021

    Advances in technology have made warfighting more complex and the range of skills required more diverse. Researchers are examining how increasing workforce diversity may create strategic opportunities for military organisations.

  • Mining of gems, gold and sapphires in the Ihorombe Region of Madagascar, photo by homocosmicos/Adobe Stock

    Identifying conflict-affected and high-risk areas for EU importers of minerals

    16 Dec 2020

    RAND Europe is developing and maintaining an updated list of conflict-affected and high-risk areas to facilitate the calibration of due-diligence efforts made by EU importers of specific metals and minerals.

  • Skull hologram on modern computer background, cybercrime and hacking concept, photo by Igor/Adobe Stock

    Technology and the future of cybercrime

    15 Dec 2020

    To prepare for and mitigate the impact of emerging technologies on cybercrime, Estonia could consider broad anti-cybercrime capacity building; seek legal, regulatory and organisational agility; and invest in technological expertise, skills and research.

  • Two men greeting outdoors, photo by Viacheslav Peretiatko/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating a programme to support ex-Service personnel in the criminal justice system

    22 Oct 2020

    Researchers identified several improvements that could increase the efficacy of a programme that helps to fund projects aimed at reducing reoffending and supporting ex-Service personnel who have come into contact with the criminal justice system.

  • A Stormer vehicle in Silhouette during Ex Javelin, September 2014, photo by Sgt Mark Webster RLC/MOD Open Government Licence

    Towards a UK strategy for integrated air and missile defence (IAMD)

    30 Jul 2020

    The Global Strategic Partnership developed and tested alternative conceptual lenses for thinking about the specific challenges and opportunities of IAMD in the UK context. The research was used by the Ministry of Defence to inform strategy and policy development.

  • A hospital damaged in an attack on a U.S. military air base in Bagram, north of Kabul, Afghanistan, December 11, 2019, photo by Mohammad Ismail/Reuters

    Examining violence against healthcare

    01 Jul 2020

    RAND Europe explored the nature of violence against healthcare, the impact of this violence, and corresponding interventions on a global scale – the first time an evidence review of this scale has been undertaken in this area.

  • Red and green figures of people indicating influence on their surroundings, photo by Andrey Yalanskiy (Андрей Яланский)/Adobe Stock

    Using machine learning to detect malign information efforts online

    23 Jun 2020

    Social media is increasingly being used by human and automated users to distort information, erode trust in democracy and incite extremist views. Our research produced a machine learning model that can successfully detect Russian trolls.