Defence Strategy, Policy and Capabilities

Providing clients with the tools and knowledge to develop their defence capabilities across a range of functional areas, including strategy development, capability planning and workforce management

Research, commentary, and events

  • Close up picture of people sitting in a circle, photo by zinkevych/Adobe Stock

    Project

    Helping local authorities to support members of the armed forces community

    01 Sep 2021

    The Armed Forces Covenant Fund Trust’s Strengthening Delivery Programme had a positive impact, and local authorities that received grants to implement and improve service delivery viewed the funding as essential to the gains achieved. Researchers will now evaluate the continuation programme.

  • Rwandan troops arrive on a U.S. Air Force C-130 cargo plane at El Fasher airport in Darfur, as part of an African Union peacekeeping effort in western Sudan, October 30, 2004, photo by Finbarr O'Reilly/Reuters

    Project

    The challenges and opportunities of strategic airlift in Africa

    22 Jul 2021

    A complex mix of global and geographically specific challenges inhibit the coordination and optimisation for airlift into the African theatre. Researchers explored the potential use of other modes of transport to create multi-modal solutions.

  • Studio shot of a civilian and serviceman shaking hands,pPhoto by Harland Quarrington/Crown Copyright Open Government License

    Project

    Investigating the impact of the Armed Forces Covenant

    21 Jul 2021

    The third instalment of FiMT’s ‘Our Community Our Covenant’ reports, this project will provide new evidence in three key areas and also explore the impact COVID-19 may have had on the Armed Forces Community.

  • A 50th Anniversary Puma helicopter flies over the Oxofordshire countryside on 2nd July 2021, photo by Hannah Smoker, RAF Benson/Crown Copyright

    Project

    Understanding the contribution of defence to UK prosperity

    14 Jul 2021

    To help the UK Ministry of Defence in establishing a quantifiable measure of defence contribution to UK prosperity, researchers examined five methodologies, delivered pilot studies to assess them, and recommended how they could be developed further.

  • Image of a HAR2 Bell Griffin helicopter, seen here at RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus on 4 July 2021 assisting with efforts to tackle wildfires across Cyprus, photo by Cpl Phil Dye/UK Ministry of Defence Crown Copyright

    Multimedia

    Expert Insights: Understanding the Value of Defence

    13 Jul 2021

    RAND Europe Defence, Security and Infrastructure director Ruth Harris and Research Leader James Black examine the ‘value proposition’ of UK defence in this audio conversation. They explore how the value it brings to the nation can be better articulated across government, to partners and to the wider public.

  • Union Jack on British soldier's uniform, photo by MoiraM/Adobe Stock

    Project

    Understanding the value of defence

    13 Jul 2021

    Because various factors affect how different groups view the value of defence, researchers recommend six actions to help the UK defence establishment articulate a more compelling value proposition to multiple audiences.

  • Soldiers from the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers in flooded Staines-Upon-Thames, photo by Cpl Richard Cave LBPPA/Crown Copyright CC BY-NC 2.0

    Multimedia

    Crisis Response in a Changing Climate

    04 Jun 2021

    In this audio conversation, Senior Analyst Lucia Retter is joined by Lieutenant General Richard Nugee, the non-executive director for climate change and sustainability for UK Defence, to discuss a study on the implications of climate change for UK defence logistics in crisis response situations.

  • Reservists from 7 Battalion, The Rifles Reinforcing a Dam During Flooding, photo by Cpl Richard Cave LBPPA/Defence Images

    Project

    Crisis response in a changing climate

    04 May 2021

    Researchers identified climate change challenges likely to emerge and propose five concrete policy actions that the UK Ministry of Defence could take to mitigate the impact of climate change on crisis response situations.

  • Military personnel meeting in computing facility, photo by Gorodenkoff Productions OU/Adobe Stock

    Project

    Creating operational advantage through military diversity

    15 Mar 2021

    Advances in technology have made warfighting more complex and the range of skills required more diverse. Researchers are examining how increasing workforce diversity may create strategic opportunities for military organisations.

  • HMS Westminster departs Reykjavik for Exercise Trident Juncture, photo by PO Jim Gibson RNR/Public Domain

    Multimedia

    Defence Challenges and Opportunities for Norway

    10 Dec 2020

    Ruth Harris, research director for the Defence, Security, and Infrastructure group at RAND Europe, is joined by senior political scientist Stephen Flanagan and international defence researcher Gene Germanovich in a discussion about their study on enhancing deterrence and defence on NATO's northern flank.

  • UK Royal Navy 3 Commando Brigade land in Norway as part of demanding winter exercises, photo by PO Phot Si Ethell/Royal Navy Open Government License

    Commentary

    Standing Together on NATO's North Flank: UK-Norwegian Defence Cooperation

    09 Dec 2020

    The UK and Norway share a long and close history, bound by shared experiences as seafaring nations whose political, cultural, and economic development have been shaped in part by their exploitation of the North Sea and North Atlantic. Much could remain to be gained from continuing to deepen and evolve their longstanding partnership to meet the new challenges of the 21st century.

  • Officer speaking with prisoner behind bars, photo by Rawpixel/Getty Images

    Commentary

    How Better Support Can Be Provided to Ex–Service Personnel in the Criminal Justice System

    30 Nov 2020

    Former armed forces personnel make up the UK's largest group of male prisoners by occupation. What can police and government do to provide targeted support in the criminal justice system to those from a military background?

  • Two men greeting outdoors, photo by Viacheslav Peretiatko/Adobe Stock

    Project

    Evaluating a programme to support ex-Service personnel in the criminal justice system

    22 Oct 2020

    Researchers identified several improvements that could increase the efficacy of a programme that helps to fund projects aimed at reducing reoffending and supporting ex-Service personnel who have come into contact with the criminal justice system.

  • A Stormer vehicle in Silhouette during Ex Javelin, September 2014, photo by Sgt Mark Webster RLC/MOD Open Government Licence

    Project

    Towards a UK strategy for integrated air and missile defence (IAMD)

    30 Jul 2020

    The Global Strategic Partnership developed and tested alternative conceptual lenses for thinking about the specific challenges and opportunities of IAMD in the UK context. The research was used by the Ministry of Defence to inform strategy and policy development.

  • A Merlin helicopter comes in to drop off a Remover 3.1 mast during a snowy morning whilst on a helicopter flight trial at JADTEU, RAF Brize Norton, photo by 1st SAC David Turnbull/Royal Air Force Open Government License

    Project

    Implications of climate change for UK defence and security

    17 Jun 2020

    Looking to 2035, the Ministry of Defence could play a key role in developing robust policy and programming on climate change. Researchers identified six high-level recommendations to support the MOD in developing an approach to address climate-related issues.

  • Polygonal image of COVID-19 virus superimposed on a digital world map, photo by Andrii Pokliatskyi/Getty Images

    Blog

    Global Challenges to Maintaining a Healthy Workforce During a Pandemic: Views from RAND Experts

    15 May 2020

    As nations across the globe remain in lockdown to curb the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, questions about the future of employment and workforce productivity emerge. During a recent webinar, RAND experts discussed how to get people back to work and improve productivity post COVID-19.

  • The U.S. Army hosted a Russian Vienna Document inspection team to observe exercise Saber Guardian at Novo Selo Training Area, Bulgaria, 2017, photo by U.S. Army

    Project

    Conventional arms control in Europe needs a new approach

    27 Apr 2020

    Conventional arms control (CAC) was a crucial element of the negotiations that ended the Cold War peacefully. Today, however, the CAC regime is outdated and largely irrelevant. What new CAC measures could lower the risk of conflict in Europe?

  • Soldiers from the Norwegian Army prepare their tank during a military drill in Setermoen, Norway, October 30, 2019, photo by Stoyan Nenov/Reuters

    Commentary

    How Norway's Allies View Its Defense Challenges and Opportunities

    16 Apr 2020

    Norway's Ministry of Defence will shortly publish its next Long Term Plan, which outlines how the Armed Forces, in tandem with other elements of government and society, can best address the threats to Norway. Other countries can learn from how Norway chooses to tackle emerging challenges, and can benefit from its lessons learned.

  • Norwegian Coast rangers sailing outside of Harstad during exercise Cold Response 2020, photo by Emil Wenaas Larsen / Forsvaret (Norwegian Armed Forces)

    Project

    Deterrence and defence in NATO's north

    26 Mar 2020

    Key NATO allies regard Norway as being able to ‘punch above its weight’ in the North Atlantic and High North regions, but Norway does face pressing political, strategic, and military challenges, as well as wider security threats to societal resilience.

  • Engineer showing apprentice how to use drill in factory

    Project

    Building evidence on EU defence-related skills

    24 Feb 2020

    An examination of the shortages and mismatches in EU defence-related skills found that a focus on cross-cutting technical skills, domain-specific skills, skills relating to new and emerging technologies, and soft skills could help the industry address existing and future skills gaps.