Defence Policy, Strategy & Capabilities

RAND Europe supports defense decision making through evidence-based analysis. We use a range of research methods and our deep understanding of defence issues to advise governments across Europe. Our analysis informs defence strategy and policy-making and helps governments develop their defence capabilities.

Our work spans a range of functional areas and topics. These include:

  • horizon scanning
  • concept development
  • strategy development and analysis
  • policy evaluation
  • capability planning and assessment, and
  • workforce planning.

Featured Research

Selected Research

  • Dutch Army Open house / Open door Landmachtdagen 2012 in Oirschot

    Opportunities for collaborative armoured vehicle investment

    23 Jan 2019

    The European Defence Agency noticed an opportunity to align their member states' armoured vehicle fleet procurement and development programmes and plans. Researchers identified five potential collaboration models that could offer financial, operational, and strategic benefits compared to purely national efforts.

  • Engineer showing apprentice how to use drill in factory

    Building evidence on defence-related skills

    16 Jul 2018

    RAND Europe and the Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini are building the evidence base on shortages, gaps and mismatches in defence-related skills. The research aims to deliver a sectoral skills strategy that is agreed and validated by stakeholders.

  • Cyber data map of Europe

    Exploring Europe's defence capability requirements for 2035 and beyond

    06 Jul 2018

    A multi-disciplinary study on behalf of the European Defence Agency found the need for conventional weapons systems will persist and the need for cyberspace capabilities will increase. Also, more coordination of existing R&D programmes is needed across the various EDA member states.

  • Border fence between USA and Mexico at El Paso/Juarez

    Challenges and Opportunities for Operationalising Border Security Research

    26 Mar 2018

    RAND Europe examined how border security research is set up, managed and operationalised in the EU, US, Canada and Australia in order to understand how these processes could be improved in the EU.

  • Medical staff with the UK's Army Medical Services rush a mock casualty into a resuscitation suite during a training exercise

    Providing Medical Support to Light Footprint Operations

    09 Jun 2017

    Within the European Common Security and Defence Policy context, many challenges preclude providing effective medical support to Light Footprint Operations. Improving standards for greater interoperability is one of many recommendations.

  • Brexit concept, with British and EU flags painted on a cracked wall

    Defence and Security after Brexit

    06 Mar 2017

    Brexit may pose more immediate challenges to UK and European security rather than to defence. However, both are likely to be subject to long-term uncertainty.

  • Syrian and Iraqi refugees arrive from Turkey to Skala Sykamias, Lesbos island, Greece, where Spanish volunteers help them in October 2015

    Mediterranean Foresight Forum

    26 Jan 2017

    The Mediterranean Foresight Forum (MFF) was a RAND-funded effort to monitor current affairs, analyse future scenarios and simulate policy options to support the implementation of comprehensive responses to complex challenges in the Mediterranean region.

  • Small arms and rocket-propelled grenades found by Marines from Bravo Company, 1st Battalion, 3rd Marine Regiment in a house in Fallujah

    How to Achieve a Globalised Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)

    28 Oct 2016

    The challenges identified in South and Southeast Asian countries in relation to ATT accession or ratification are predominantly issues at the ‘system level’, rather than specific capability or capacity gaps. Solving them requires a process-oriented approach, which has to be contextualised at the national level to ensure validity and sustainability.