Defence Policy, Strategy & Capabilities

RAND Europe supports defense decision making through evidence-based analysis. We use a range of research methods and our deep understanding of defence issues to advise governments across Europe. Our analysis informs defence strategy and policy-making and helps governments develop their defence capabilities.

Our work spans a range of functional areas and topics. These include:

  • horizon scanning
  • concept development
  • strategy development and analysis
  • policy evaluation
  • capability planning and assessment, and
  • workforce planning.

Featured Research

  • Rotterdam skyline, photo by mihaiulia/Getty Images

    Economy and national security in the Netherlands

    Researchers developed insights into the relationships between the economy and national security, focusing in particular on the characteristics and performance of the economy of the Netherlands and the consequences this may have for its national security.

Selected Research

  • Norwegian Coast rangers sailing outside of Harstad during exercise Cold Response 2020, photo by Emil Wenaas Larsen / Forsvaret (Norwegian Armed Forces)

    Deterrence and defence in NATO's north

    Key NATO allies regard Norway as being able to ‘punch above its weight’ in the North Atlantic and High North regions, but Norway does face pressing political, strategic, and military challenges, as well as wider security threats to societal resilience.

  • Engineer showing apprentice how to use drill in factory

    Building evidence on EU defence-related skills

    An examination of the shortages and mismatches in EU defence-related skills found that a focus on cross-cutting technical skills, domain-specific skills, skills relating to new and emerging technologies, and soft skills could help the industry address existing and future skills gaps.

  • Family, mother, father, kid, baby, son, couple, love, holidays, nature, picnic, three, male, female, glasses, hipster, woman, man, friends, outdoors, summer, spring, launch, outing, junket, barbecue, basket dinner, trendy, relationships, fun, nice, family values, sunglasses, cafe, party, grass, green, healthy, caucasian, white, beautifull, pretty, family

    Improving the financial stability of military families in the UK

    To examine the factors that may affect the financial stability of current and former UK Service personnel and their families, RAND Europe and the Army Families Federation are conducting a 10-month study on behalf of the Forces in Mind Trust (FiMT).

  • Global Strategic Partnership helps to inform UK Defence

    The Global Strategic Partnership (GSP), a consortium that spans research, academia and industry and is led by RAND Europe, provides ongoing academic and analytical support to the UK Ministry of Defence’s Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre.

  • Dutch Army Open house / Open door Landmachtdagen 2012 in Oirschot

    Opportunities for collaborative armoured vehicle investment

    The European Defence Agency noticed an opportunity to align their member states' armoured vehicle fleet procurement and development programmes and plans. Researchers identified five potential collaboration models that could offer financial, operational, and strategic benefits compared to purely national efforts.

  • Cyber data map of Europe

    Exploring Europe's defence capability requirements for 2035 and beyond

    A multi-disciplinary study on behalf of the European Defence Agency found the need for conventional weapons systems will persist and the need for cyberspace capabilities will increase. Also, more coordination of existing R&D programmes is needed across the various EDA member states.

  • Civilian and serviceman shaking hands

    How resilience affects the transition experiences of UK Service leavers

    Most UK Service leavers experience successful transitions to civilian life, but some face challenges. Our researchers looked into the role of resilience in successful transitions.

  • Border fence between USA and Mexico at El Paso/Juarez

    Challenges and Opportunities for Operationalising Border Security Research

    RAND Europe examined how border security research is set up, managed and operationalised in the EU, US, Canada and Australia in order to understand how these processes could be improved in the EU.