Terrorism, Security & Resilience

RAND Europe engages in wide-ranging work for clients at both national government and EU levels on the topics of terrorism and counterterrorism, countering violent extremism, operational information-sharing, counter-insurgency, stabilization and security sector reform. In a climate of uncertainty and rapidly evolving threats, we equip clients with the evidence-based research they need to inform their decision-making.

RAND is at the forefront of understanding and assessing new developments in security threats, vulnerability and resilience, serving as a world leader in this area of policy research.

Featured Research

  • Dutch police on security patrol

    25 Oct 2018

    How to evaluate counterterrorism policies and interventions

    Initiatives to prevent and counter terrorism and violent extremism are rarely evaluated and are often designed on the basis of untested assumptions. Researchers developed and reviewed an inventory of 48 evaluations conducted between 2013 and 2017 to draw practical lessons and recommendations.

Selected Research

  • Working on a computer

    Violent Extremism Evaluation Measurement (VEEM) Framework

    14 Jan 2019

    A key challenge in counter violent extremism evaluation is the lack of commonly agreed metrics to measure behavioural changes in people. RAND Europe researchers developed a web-based framework that lists behavioural categories, attributes, and suggested measurement tools.

  • Hand silhouette working on a laptop keyboard

    Social media in Africa presents double-edged sword

    05 Nov 2018

    The spread of social media in Africa has brought many economic and political benefits, while also equipping terrorist groups with a tool for recruitment and propaganda. Researchers examined the links between social media use and online radicalisation in six African countries, drawing on primary Twitter data analysis.

  • Flowers lying on the grass after a terrorist atack in London

    The cost of terrorism in Europe

    06 Jun 2018

    Terrorism is negatively associated with economic growth in Europe. Between 2004 and 2016, the 28 EU member states lost around €180 billion in GDP terms due to terrorist attacks, in addition to the human toll through loss-of-life and injuries.

  • Laptop and cursor with a gun icon pattern

    Dark web enables illegal arms trade in Europe

    20 Jul 2017

    The dark web is an enabler for the circulation of illegal weapons already on the black market, as well as a potential source of diversion for legally owned weapons. Although the arms trade is small in volume compared to other products trafficked online, its potential impact on international security is significant.

  • IMPACT Europe logo

    What works in tackling violent radicalisation and extremism?

    25 May 2017

    Violent radicalisation and extremism are one of the most severe and immediate security threats facing European society in the early 21st century. IMPACT Europe aimed to fill the gap in understanding of what works in tackling and preventing these phenomena.

  • terrorists silhouette

    SAFIRE Draws Lessons for European Counter-terrorism

    28 Apr 2014

    A multiyear study of radicalisation for the European Commission reviewed the evidence base and piloted an intervention to draw lessons for European counter-terrorism. Researchers ran a workshop to identify indicators of radicalisation and compared these with the evidence found in the literature.

  • Radicalisation in the digital era

    05 Nov 2013

    RAND Europe’s ground-breaking report on the use of the Internet in 15 cases of terrorism and extremism provides primary data on how the Internet is used by individuals in the process of their radicalisation. The study yields recommendations for framing policy responses to the use of the Internet in radicalisation. Our results suggest that while the Internet facilitates the radicalisation of individuals, it is not the sole driver of the process.

  • London, Tower Bridge runner

    Scenario Planning Can Help Set Agenda for Secure 2012 Olympics

    13 Mar 2012

    Hosting the 2012 Olympic Games this summer will place London and the UK at the centre of the world's attention — something that carries with it a wide range of potential security risks. Organizers must learn from the successes and problems of past games in the areas of transportation, infrastructure and security. RAND Europe offers policymakers a methodology that will help foster evidence-based decisions as they finalise security planning for the Games.