Terrorism, Security & Resilience

RAND Europe engages in wide-ranging work for clients at both national government and EU levels on the topics of terrorism and counterterrorism, countering violent extremism, operational information-sharing, counter-insurgency, stabilization and security sector reform. In a climate of uncertainty and rapidly evolving threats, we equip clients with the evidence-based research they need to inform their decision-making.

RAND is at the forefront of understanding and assessing new developments in security threats, vulnerability and resilience, serving as a world leader in this area of policy research.

Featured Research

  • Dutch police on security patrol

    How to evaluate counterterrorism policies and interventions

    Initiatives to prevent and counter terrorism and violent extremism are rarely evaluated and are often designed on the basis of untested assumptions. Researchers developed and reviewed an inventory of 48 evaluations conducted between 2013 and 2017 to draw practical lessons and recommendations.

Selected Research

  • A hospital damaged in an attack on a U.S. military air base in Bagram, north of Kabul, Afghanistan, December 11, 2019, photo by Mohammad Ismail/Reuters

    Examining violence against healthcare

    RAND Europe explored the nature of violence against healthcare, the impact of this violence, and corresponding interventions on a global scale – the first time an evidence review of this scale has been undertaken in this area.

  • Red and green figures of people indicating influence on their surroundings, photo by Andrey Yalanskiy (Андрей Яланский)/Adobe Stock

    Using machine learning to detect malign information efforts online

    Social media is increasingly being used by human and automated users to distort information, erode trust in democracy and incite extremist views. Our research produced a machine learning model that can successfully detect Russian trolls.

  • Conceptual representation of the protection and interaction of the personal data of the inhabitants of the planet and industrial data using artificial intelligence and the Internet of things, photo by kosssmosss/Adobe Stock

    How AI can support the European Border and Coast Guard

    Researchers are exploring how Frontex, Europe's border and coast guard agency, can maximise the opportunity provided by artificial intelligence to support the management of the EU's external borders.

  • Working on a computer

    Violent Extremism Evaluation Measurement (VEEM) Framework

    A key challenge in counter violent extremism evaluation is the lack of commonly agreed metrics to measure behavioural changes in people. RAND Europe researchers developed a web-based framework that lists behavioural categories, attributes, and suggested measurement tools.

  • Hand silhouette working on a laptop keyboard

    Social media in Africa presents double-edged sword

    The spread of social media in Africa has brought many economic and political benefits, while also equipping terrorist groups with a tool for recruitment and propaganda. Researchers examined the links between social media use and online radicalisation in six African countries, drawing on primary Twitter data analysis.

  • Flowers lying on the grass after a terrorist atack in London

    The cost of terrorism in Europe

    Terrorism is negatively associated with economic growth in Europe. Between 2004 and 2016, the 28 EU member states lost around €180 billion in GDP terms due to terrorist attacks, in addition to the human toll through loss-of-life and injuries.

  • Laptop and cursor with a gun icon pattern

    Dark web enables illegal arms trade in Europe

    The dark web is an enabler for the circulation of illegal weapons already on the black market, as well as a potential source of diversion for legally owned weapons. Although the arms trade is small in volume compared to other products trafficked online, its potential impact on international security is significant.

  • IMPACT Europe logo

    What works in tackling violent radicalisation and extremism?

    Violent radicalisation and extremism are one of the most severe and immediate security threats facing European society in the early 21st century. IMPACT Europe aimed to fill the gap in understanding of what works in tackling and preventing these phenomena.