RAND Europe Completed Research

  • Magnifying glass over map of Europe, photo by amazing studio/Adobe Stock

    Truth Decay in Europe

    17 May 2022

    Using the framework of RAND's original 2018 Truth Decay study, which focused on the United States, researchers uncovered evidence for the trends, drivers and consequences of Truth Decay in Europe. As the phenomenon is less pervasive than in the US, however, they also suggest actions to slow its growth.

  • Finger pointing to artificial intelligence illustration, photo by Sikov/Adobe Stock

    Exploring ways to regulate and build trust in AI

    25 Apr 2022

    Researchers brought together evidence on the use of labelling initiatives, codes of conduct and other voluntary, self-regulatory mechanisms for the ethical and safe development of artificial intelligence systems.

  • An insurance professional reviewing the details of the contract with an elderly man

    The impact of predictive genetic tests on the insurance industry

    08 Apr 2022

    Researchers developed a framework for evaluating the potential effects of predictive genetic tests on the UK insurance industry. The framework provides a transparent approach for evaluating whether a specific condition for which a test is available could impact the insurance industry and understanding the key factors that influence this.

  • The socioeconomic impact of poor indoor climate on health and life satisfaction

    22 Mar 2022

    Poor indoor climate can result in a higher risk of health and wellbeing disorders, especially in children, the elderly and those with existing health conditions. Exposure of Europeans to damp, mould, and insufficient daylight in residential buildings could cost €53 billion over the next 30 years.

  • Elementary school children reading a book, photo by Rawpixel.com/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the impact of peer-assisted learning strategies

    16 Mar 2022

    RAND Europe evaluated the impacts of peer-assisted learning strategies (PALS) in England. The evaluation sought to understand the impact of PALS on reading attainment but the assessment was hampered by the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Flower tributes for the victims of the March 22, 2017 terrorist attack at Westminster Bridge, Big Ben and British Parliament, photo by Pawel Pajor - photobboy/Adobe Stock

    The evidence on measures to prevent and mitigate terrorism attacks using vehicles

    08 Mar 2022

    Researchers identified legal, practical and technological challenges to preventing vehicular terrorism and offered an assessment of future threats and vulnerabilities.

  • Male patient In consultation with doctor in office, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Diagnosis, treatment and management of central diabetes insipidus

    07 Mar 2022

    RAND Europe was commissioned by Ferring Pharmaceuticals to look at care pathways for patients with CDI. The research focused on identifying the factors that influence the diagnosis, treatment and management of patients with CDI, as well as areas to consider that may improve the quality of care that patients receive, and patient outcomes.

  • Global communication network concept network dots surrounding planet earth with focus on America. Information exchange via satellites, illustration by Thomas/Adobe Stock

    Future uses of space out to 2050

    02 Mar 2022

    To support the UK's National Space Strategy and ensure that it is more ‘future proof’, researchers recommend the UK work more closely with allies, foster innovation, and more.

  • Young volunteers outdoors planting trees, photo by Pandora Studio/Adobe Stock

    Perspectives on factors most affecting quality of life in Greater Cambridge

    01 Mar 2022

    Results of a survey and interviews of community stakeholders in the Greater Cambridge area found the factors that most affect quality of life in the region include personal relationships, public transport, and a sense of community.

  • Thank you in many languages, photo by aaabbc/Adobe Stock

    The economic value to the UK of speaking other languages

    21 Feb 2022

    Languages play a significant role in international trade, and not sharing a common language acts as a non-tariff trade barrier. Investing in Arabic, French, Mandarin or Spanish languages education in the UK will most likely return more than the investment cost, even under conservative assumptions.

  • Telecommunication network above Europe viewed from space, photo by NicoElNino/Adobe Stock

    Realising the ambitions of the UK’s Defence Space Strategy

    17 Feb 2022

    Researchers examined the factors influencing the implementation of the Defence Space Strategy to 2030 as well as the unique attributes of the UK space enterprise—including its strengths and weaknesses. They include a decision support tool to help decision makers navigate capability management choices along the 'own-collaborate-access' framework articulated in the Defence and Security Industrial Strategy.

  • Blue coronavirus cells and DNA, illustration by matejmo/Getty Images

    Evaluating the progress and impacts of the COG-UK consortium

    15 Feb 2022

    An evaluation of the COVID-19 Genomics UK (COG-UK) consortium finds that it has made a significant and valuable contribution to the UK's public health genomics landscape, but its legacy will depend on decision makers' abilities to maintain momentum, ensure adequate governance, and other factors.

  • Benchmarking phrase on face of pocket watch, photo by tashatuvango/Adobe Stock

    Examining proposal evaluation processes used in Horizon 2020

    03 Feb 2022

    Broadly speaking, proposal evaluation processes in Horizon 2020 were fair and transparent. However, there may be scope to improve consistency and the feedback provided, and to reduce the burden and conservatism of the process.

  • The impact of predictive genetic tests on the insurance industry

    03 Feb 2022

    Researchers developed a framework for evaluating the potential effects of predictive genetic tests on the UK insurance industry. The framework provides a transparent approach for evaluating whether a specific condition for which a test is available could impact the insurance industry and understanding the key factors that influence this.

  • 30 Cdo RN, 30 Commando Royal Marines, Viking Squadron, Commando Logistic Regiment, Arctic, Armoured Support Group Royal Marines, Bardufoss, CETUS 20, Ex Cold Response, Norway, Personnel Carrier, Royal Marine Exercise, Royal Marine Unit, Snow and Ice Training, Viking, Weather, Climate, Snow, Snowing, Snowy, Cold, Freezing, Ice, Icy, Terrain, Environment, Landscape, Scenery, Wooded, Woods, Forest, International Training, Survival Training, Cold Weather Training, Arctic Survival Training, Action, Driving, Royal Navy, Royal Marines, Personnel, Non-Identifiable, Unit, 3 Commando Brigade, 3 Cdo Bde RM, Equipment, Vehicles, Viking (BvS10), Armoured Personnel Vehicle

    UK strategy for the High North: Navigating a changing environment

    02 Feb 2022

    Researchers offer a perspective on how the UK could maximise its influence in the High North through enhanced cooperation across government and within multilateral fora in order to tackle environmental and geopolitical changes in the region.

  • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing in petri dish, photo by  jarun011/Adobe Stock

    Understanding industry contributions to the fight against antimicrobial resistance

    01 Feb 2022

    The AMR Industry Alliance brings together over 100 biotechnology, diagnostic, generics and research-based biopharmaceutical companies and trade associations in the fight against AMR. RAND Europe assessed the progress of AMRIA members in contributing to tackling AMR and found they are making a difference on diverse fronts.

  • Depressed older white male gambler sitting in front of slot machines, photo by Ole/Adobe Stock

    Assessing the landscape of longitudinal data collection related to gambling

    25 Jan 2022

    Researchers assessed the feasibility for expanding longitudinal data collection on gambling in the UK. They provide six distinct options, each with their own strengths and drawbacks, for consideration by the charity Action Against Gambling Harms.

  • How do the UK's potential adversaries approach multi-domain integration in defence?

    20 Jan 2022

    To influence the development of the UK’s approach to multi-domain integration, a series of case studies explored Russia, China, Iran and North Korea’s approaches to integrating activities across maritime, land, air, space, cyber and electromagnetic warfare, as well as across government and with external allies, partners and industry.

  • The impact of vertical integration of health services

    12 Jan 2022

    In several locations across England and Wales, NHS organisations responsible for managing acute hospitals have also taken over the running of primary care medical practices. Vertical integration is a valuable option to consider when GP practices look likely to fail due to recruitment and financial difficulties, but it is not an option that should be imposed from the top down.

  • Four hands encircling image of a family, photo by Andrey Popov/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating collaborations between primary care general practices in the UK

    05 Jan 2022

    Primary care networks can help GPs run a wider range of services for their patients and make changes that are needed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It will be important to have additional clarification and support around the role of primary care networks in the wider NHS in England.

  • Smoke free environment sign in a forest, photo by Michel Piccaya/Adobe Stock

    Smoke-free environments and the advertising of tobacco and related products

    04 Jan 2022

    Although EU member states are generally compliant with national rules on smoke-free environments and tobacco-related advertising, some areas require closer scrutiny, including protecting children from the harms of smoking.

  • Little girl pointing to world globe, photo by Konstantin Postumitenko/Adobee Stock

    Case studies examine early childhood development interventions at scale

    23 Dec 2021

    Researchers developed case studies on ‘what works’ in early childhood development at scale in the Netherlands, Israel, Peru, and Brazil. They ensured that efforts were systematically captured, assessed and available for other governments, practitioners and foundations to use.

  • Social media network and remote work illustration, photo by peshkov/Adobe Stock

    Using social media data to ‘nowcast’ migration around the globe

    16 Dec 2021

    Because official statistics can be delayed or fail to correctly capture the full extent of migration, making informed policy decisions can be a challenge. Researchers developed an approach to compute near-real-time migration estimates for Europe and the United States using social media data.

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    Examining the digital skills gap

    15 Dec 2021

    Researchers assessed the evidence associated with the digital skills gap. The study analysed the key trends driving the gap at a global level and articulated some practical steps to address this challenge and potentially ‘close’ the gap.

  • Stethoscope on tablet computer with digital images, photo by BillionPhotos.com/Adobe Stock

    Assessing EHR for infectious disease surveillance, prevention and control

    10 Dec 2021

    Electronic health records (EHR) data could greatly help infectious disease surveillance, but their use varies across Europe. Researchers mapped EHR use to assess the feasibility of using EHR data for infectious disease surveillance.