To promote trust and confidence in the European Food Safety Authority's risk assessment process, RAND Europe and partners created an impact assessment methodology and identified at least five measures EFSA should pursue.
The dark web is an enabler for the circulation of illegal weapons already on the black market, as well as a potential source of diversion for legally owned weapons. Although the arms trade is small in volume compared to other products trafficked online, its potential impact on international security is significant.
The British public place the greatest value on the ability to make trade deals and having access to the Single Market for trade of goods and services after Brexit, more so than restricting freedom of movement, increasing UK sovereignty and reducing EU contributions.
Community hospitals could be better integrated into the NHS England healthcare system to offer an effective and efficient alternative to acute hospitals and to provide health and social care closer to people’s homes. However, there is limited evidence on the cost effectiveness of community hospitals.
An analytical study of EU programmes to support democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms found that they had clear objectives and offered value for money that the European Commission invests.
Within the European Common Security and Defence Policy context, many challenges preclude providing effective medical support to Light Footprint Operations. Improving standards for greater interoperability is one of many recommendations.
An evaluation of The Atlantic Philanthropies' Migration Programme for Ireland found that the efforts funded by the programme's grants resulted in a more robust and professional network of organisations working more strategically and collaboratively to achieve a common goal of improving the lives of migrants in Ireland.
Only a small amount of pharmaceutical companies measure the return on investment of their workplace health promotion programmes in a systematic manner, but data from GSK clearly demonstrates the potential business case for companies to invest in the health and wellbeing of its workforce.
Distributed ledger technologies including Blockchain present many opportunities as well as challenges. RAND Europe highlighted a set of priority areas that may require future standardisation to support the technology's growth.
Regulatory frameworks enable a business environment that encourages private investment. Researchers prepared a roadmap for logistics infrastructure investments for the Brazilian Ministries of Planning and Finance.
A study for the Royal Society, the UK's national academy of science, determined that professional motivations are the main drivers of researcher mobility and that most researchers feel there is an expectation that they be internationally mobile.
As part of the MOOCs4Inclusion research team, RAND Europe contributed to a literature review to identify recent research on the use of free digital learning by migrants and refugees in the EU and neighbouring countries.
Health data could provide a variety of social and economic benefits to the health system, including quality gains for both healthcare delivery and health research and innovation. However, societal and technical challenges to value capture must first be addressed.
An analysis of the National Travel Survey allowed researchers to quantify the impact of external socio-economic factors on rail demand. Application of the improved models for forecasting purposes requires the collation of socio-economic and demographic forecast data at an appropriately granular level.
Public Health England commissioned an analysis of the take-up and impact of the Workplace Wellbeing Charter; the end product includes a set of case studies to help strengthen and expand the evidence base that underpins the Charter.
Teacher shortages could be a real and imminent threat in Cambridgeshire unless more new secondary school teachers are attracted and retained. The region should explore the association between teachers’ working and living conditions, why not enough teachers are attracted to work in Cambridgeshire and why teachers are leaving the profession.
To track Open Science trends in Europe and identify the main drivers, incentives and constraints on its evolution, RAND Europe worked with Deloitte, Observatoire des Sciences et des Technologies (OST), Altmetric and Digital Science to develop a web-based monitor for the European Commission.
To ensure that the objectives of the EU Drugs Strategy are achieved by 2020, the European Commission should renew its EU Action Plan on Drugs for the period 2017–2020 and continue to translate the current plan's high-level objectives into concrete action.
The challenge of affordability is shaping the defence acquisition environment in most Western countries. Researchers identified several strategies that are transferrable from one country to another and from civil sectors to defence.
Researchers investigated the extent to which there are economies of scope and/or scale in medical research. For example, is it better to support research in only a few places, and have staff colocated? The role of both human and physical assets and interactions were examined.
The Mediterranean Foresight Forum (MFF) was a RAND-funded effort to monitor current affairs, analyse future scenarios and simulate policy options to support the implementation of comprehensive responses to complex challenges in the Mediterranean region.
The Department for Education commissioned RAND Europe to provide a statistically robust, unbiased, and consistent approach to account for missing Key Stage 2 data in the LSYPE2 cohort. The final report balances the need for practical solutions for analysts with the desire to exhaustively explore options for dealing with the missing data.