RAND Europe Completed Research

  • Person placing euros in a church donation box

    Foreign funding of religious institutions in the Netherlands

    20 Nov 2020

    Undesirable influence through foreign donations to religious institutions is of concern to the Dutch government, which asked RAND Europe, together with research collaborator Breuer&Intraval, to conduct an independent study mapping the nature and size of the foreign funding of religious institutions in the country.

  • Four hands encircling image of a family, photo by Andrey Popov/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating collaborations between primary care general practices in the UK

    10 Nov 2020

    Primary care networks can help GPs run a wider range of services for their patients and make changes that are needed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It will be important to have additional clarification and support around the role of primary care networks in the wider NHS in England.

  • Syringes and COVID-19 vaccine ampoule lying on top of US dollars, photo by JYPIX/Adobe Stock

    COVID-19 and the cost of vaccine nationalism

    28 Oct 2020

    Without a vaccine, the worldwide economic impact of COVID-19 could be $3.4 trillion a year. But even when a vaccine is available, an unequal allocation of COVID-19 vaccines could cost the global economy up to $1.2 trillion a year in GDP.

  • Two men greeting outdoors, photo by Viacheslav Peretiatko/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating a programme to support ex-Service personnel in the criminal justice system

    22 Oct 2020

    Researchers identified several improvements that could increase the efficacy of a programme that helps to fund projects aimed at reducing reoffending and supporting ex-Service personnel who have come into contact with the criminal justice system.

  • UK nurse standing with arms folded, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Estimating the cost of growing the NHS cancer workforce in England by 2029

    13 Oct 2020

    Cancer Research UK asked researchers to help determine how much Health Education England would need to increase its budget in order to meet its ambition of growing the NHS cancer workforce by 45 per cent by 2029. Researchers used workforce and cost data to build a demographic stock-flow model to provide important information about which workforces will require the most significant interventions, as well as the estimated costs.

  • Public health vector illustration, VectorMine/Adobe Stock

    What influences improvement processes in healthcare?

    15 Sep 2020

    Although many healthcare organisations are engaging in activities to improve the quality of healthcare, there are still considerable challenges in doing so. Additional research on quality improvement could help inform a better understanding of how improvements in patient care can be achieved and sustained.

  • Family warming their feet in front of home radiator, photo by Evgen/Adobe Stock

    Heat, energy efficiency, smart technology and health evidence review

    03 Sep 2020

    Researchers found clear evidence concerning the negative health impacts of poor indoor temperature and ventilation. The study also identified that improved heating technologies and measures to increase the energy efficiency of buildings are effective in improving several key aspects of the indoor environment, though evidence on positive health impacts were mixed.

  • Doctor's hand and modern laptop computer with virtual icon diagram, photo by everythingpossible/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the performance of the oncology healthcare system

    27 Aug 2020

    Researchers identified a number of key indicators that can be used to analyse elements of the oncology health system from different perspectives, and then used these indicators to create an overarching scorecard for oncology ecosystem performance.

  • Woman holding another's hands, showing compassion, photo by pressmaster/Adobe Stock

    Transforming social care provision

    12 Aug 2020

    The demand for adult social care in the UK is rising and will continue to rise. But the supply of such care is struggling to keep up. Innovation in social care can enable more and better care to be delivered more cost-effectively.

  • Mining of gems, gold and sapphires in the Ihorombe Region of Madagascar, photo by homocosmicos/Adobe Stock

    Identifying conflict-affected and high-risk areas for EU importers of minerals

    30 Jul 2020

    RAND Europe is developing and maintaining an updated list of conflict-affected and high-risk areas to facilitate the calibration of due diligence efforts made by EU importers of specific metals and minerals.

  • High angle view of the city of Cambridge, UK, photo by offcaania/AdobeStock

    How quality of life informs local decision making

    29 Jul 2020

    Quality of life measures have shaped decision making when planned and implemented early, but there is little evidence to suggest that such measures are being used by local authorities and decision makers.

  • Careers advisor meeting female university student, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Examining the quality of career guidance in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough

    21 Jul 2020

    Surveying 54 secondary schools and colleges and interviewing 10 career guidance service providers, researchers produced a comprehensive picture of how career guidance is provided in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough, and how these services meet the needs of children and young people.

  • People sitting together in a discussion

    Evaluating the development of the Q initiative from 2016-2020

    13 Jul 2020

    The Q initiative has established itself as an important resource for quality improvement in health and care, supporting members with skills, new relationships and self-confidence. However, to deliver change at scale there is a need to build on these achievements.

  • An Amazon worker delivers packages amid the COVID-19 outbreak in Denver, Colorado, April 22, 2020, photo by Kevin Mohatt/Reuters

    Online Shopping: Many Americans' Habits Haven't Changed During COVID-19

    07 Jul 2020

    Almost two-thirds of Americans haven't changed their online shopping habits since the pandemic began. About one-quarter are shopping online more, but 13 percent are actually shopping online less.

  • How Middle Eastern SMEs are coping with COVID-19

    06 Jul 2020

    A survey of small and medium-sized enterprises in the Middle East and Turkey, targeted particularly at businesses owned by migrants, women and young people, sought to understand the impact of COVID-19 on their work and what can be done to support them during the pandemic.

  • A hospital damaged in an attack on a U.S. military air base in Bagram, north of Kabul, Afghanistan, December 11, 2019, photo by Mohammad Ismail/Reuters

    Examining violence against healthcare

    01 Jul 2020

    RAND Europe explored the nature of violence against healthcare, the impact of this violence, and corresponding interventions on a global scale – the first time an evidence review of this scale has been undertaken in this area.

  • Woman shopping for organic produce in delicatessen, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Consumer behaviours and attitudes to food in the UK

    26 Jun 2020

    The way people buy food is changing, and the sales of ethical and sustainable produce have increased. Eating food from outside the home is increasingly common, and what people consume still falls short of dietary guidelines. The reasons vary, and several policy levers may exist to influence people's food choices.

  • Close-up of police body camera, photo by Lutsenko Oleksandr/Adobe Stock

    Assessing the impacts of digital government transformation in the EU

    26 Jun 2020

    A case study on the use of body worn cameras by police forces in the UK offers an example of how governments can potentially take advantage of emerging digital technologies to address systemic challenges.

  • Computer keyboard with VOTE keys

    The benefits and drawbacks of remote voting solutions

    25 Jun 2020

    RAND Europe and Open Evidence examined the extent to which remote voting solutions—particularly internet voting—are employed in the European member states. The research identified the costs, risks and challenges associated with seven remote voting options.

  • Red and green figures of people indicating influence on their surroundings, photo by Andrey Yalanskiy (Андрей Яланский)/Adobe Stock

    Using machine learning to detect malign information efforts online

    23 Jun 2020

    Social media is increasingly being used by human and automated users to distort information, erode trust in democracy and incite extremist views. Our research produced a machine learning model that can successfully detect Russian trolls.

  • A Merlin helicopter comes in to drop off a Remover 3.1 mast during a snowy morning whilst on a helicopter flight trial at JADTEU, RAF Brize Norton, photo by 1st SAC David Turnbull/Royal Air Force Open Government License

    Implications of climate change for UK defence and security

    17 Jun 2020

    Looking to 2035, the Ministry of Defence could play a key role in developing robust policy and programming on climate change. Researchers identified six high-level recommendations to support the MOD in developing an approach to address climate-related issues.

  • Vaccination in vial with syringe, by BillionPhotos.com/Adobe Stock

    From COVID-19 Research to Vaccine Application

    09 Jun 2020

    Moving from vaccine discovery research to developed products, policies and practice often takes years, not months. Monitoring the development of a COVID-19 vaccine may help to identify which of the approaches speeding development and deployment could be usefully applied more widely in the future.

  • Little girl blows and brings out letters of words

    Early language intervention shows promise

    06 May 2020

    A randomised controlled trial into the effectiveness of the Nuffield Early Language Intervention found that it appeared to have a positive impact on children’s language skills and that training and support for staff also had a positive effect on children.

  • Futuristic digital business cryptocurrency candle chart, illustration by Eduard Muzhevskyi/Adobe Stock

    Exploring the criminal use of Zcash and cryptocurrencies

    06 May 2020

    While most transactions made with virtual coins are legitimate, cryptocurrencies have also been used for criminal purposes. Researchers found no evidence of widespread illicit use of Zcash, but that may be because malicious users do not fully understand its operating model.

  • The U.S. Army hosted a Russian Vienna Document inspection team to observe exercise Saber Guardian at Novo Selo Training Area, Bulgaria, 2017, photo by U.S. Army

    Conventional arms control in Europe needs a new approach

    27 Apr 2020

    Conventional arms control (CAC) was a crucial element of the negotiations that ended the Cold War peacefully. Today, however, the CAC regime is outdated and largely irrelevant. What new CAC measures could lower the risk of conflict in Europe?