RAND Europe Completed Research

  • How Middle Eastern SMEs are coping with COVID-19

    06 Jul 2020

    A survey of small and medium-sized enterprises in the Middle East and Turkey, targeted particularly at businesses owned by migrants, women and young people, sought to understand the impact of COVID-19 on their work and what can be done to support them during the pandemic.

  • A hospital damaged in an attack on a U.S. military air base in Bagram, north of Kabul, Afghanistan, December 11, 2019, photo by Mohammad Ismail/Reuters

    Examining violence against healthcare

    01 Jul 2020

    RAND Europe explored the nature of violence against healthcare, the impact of this violence, and corresponding interventions on a global scale – the first time an evidence review of this scale has been undertaken in this area.

  • Close-up of police body camera, photo by Lutsenko Oleksandr/Adobe Stock

    Assessing the impacts of digital government transformation in the EU

    26 Jun 2020

    A case study on the use of body worn cameras by police forces in the UK offers an example of how governments can potentially take advantage of emerging digital technologies to address systemic challenges.

  • Computer keyboard with VOTE keys

    The benefits and drawbacks of remote voting solutions

    25 Jun 2020

    RAND Europe and Open Evidence examined the extent to which remote voting solutions—particularly internet voting—are employed in the European member states. The research identified the costs, risks and challenges associated with seven remote voting options.

  • Red and green figures of people indicating influence on their surroundings, photo by Andrey Yalanskiy (Андрей Яланский)/Adobe Stock

    Using machine learning to detect malign information efforts online

    23 Jun 2020

    Social media is increasingly being used by human and automated users to distort information, erode trust in democracy and incite extremist views. Our research produced a machine learning model that can successfully detect Russian trolls.

  • A Merlin helicopter comes in to drop off a Remover 3.1 mast during a snowy morning whilst on a helicopter flight trial at JADTEU, RAF Brize Norton, photo by 1st SAC David Turnbull/Royal Air Force Open Government License

    Implications of climate change for UK defence and security

    17 Jun 2020

    Looking to 2035, the Ministry of Defence could play a key role in developing robust policy and programming on climate change. Researchers identified six high-level recommendations to support the MOD in developing an approach to address climate-related issues.

  • Little girl blows and brings out letters of words

    Early language intervention shows promise

    06 May 2020

    A randomised controlled trial into the effectiveness of the Nuffield Early Language Intervention found that it appeared to have a positive impact on children’s language skills and that training and support for staff also had a positive effect on children.

  • Futuristic digital business cryptocurrency candle chart, illustration by Eduard Muzhevskyi/Adobe Stock

    Exploring the criminal use of Zcash and cryptocurrencies

    06 May 2020

    While most transactions made with virtual coins are legitimate, cryptocurrencies have also been used for criminal purposes. Researchers found no evidence of widespread illicit use of Zcash, but that may be because malicious users do not fully understand its operating model.

  • The U.S. Army hosted a Russian Vienna Document inspection team to observe exercise Saber Guardian at Novo Selo Training Area, Bulgaria, 2017, photo by U.S. Army

    Conventional arms control in Europe needs a new approach

    27 Apr 2020

    Conventional arms control (CAC) was a crucial element of the negotiations that ended the Cold War peacefully. Today, however, the CAC regime is outdated and largely irrelevant. What new CAC measures could lower the risk of conflict in Europe?

  • Elderly patient waiting for a doctor in hospital, photo by pongmoji/Adobe Stock

    How, and how much, do migrants use UK health services?

    30 Mar 2020

    Recent arrivals to the UK use the NHS significantly less than the UK-born population, though the difference narrows when adjusted for age and self-assessed health. However, more work is needed to provide insights to policy makers on migrant use of the NHS, their health needs, and the quality of health care received.

  • Norwegian Coast rangers sailing outside of Harstad during exercise Cold Response 2020, photo by Emil Wenaas Larsen / Forsvaret (Norwegian Armed Forces)

    Deterrence and defence in NATO's north

    26 Mar 2020

    Key NATO allies regard Norway as being able to ‘punch above its weight’ in the North Atlantic and High North regions, but Norway does face pressing political, strategic, and military challenges, as well as wider security threats to societal resilience.

  • Impact of a water drop, photo by Davide Restivo/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 2.0

    Helping UK Water Industry Research assess its research impact

    16 Mar 2020

    Researchers conducted a series of interviews with UKWIR member organisations and developed recommendations to help the members better understand how to measure research impact in the water sector, and how to create a framework for measuring impact.

  • Equal pay for equal work and the gender pay gap

    06 Mar 2020

    The European Parliament is exploring legislation around pay-transparency measures. Such measures have a clear potential to address unjustified or discriminatory wage gaps, but certain disadvantages need to be considered in implementing them.

  • Female GP working on a computer, photo by sturti/Getty Images

    Improving early cancer diagnosis interventions

    02 Mar 2020

    Explorations of how commissioners of healthcare services and Cancer Alliances in England and Northern Ireland make decisions at a local level are helping to inform Cancer Research UK’s work to support early cancer diagnosis locally, thereby improving cancer outcomes.

  • Engineer showing apprentice how to use drill in factory

    Building evidence on EU defence-related skills

    24 Feb 2020

    An examination of the shortages and mismatches in EU defence-related skills found that a focus on cross-cutting technical skills, domain-specific skills, skills relating to new and emerging technologies, and soft skills could help the industry address existing and future skills gaps.

  • A group of people in the shape of the brain, illustration by tai111/Adobe Stock

    Examining innovation in citizen science

    17 Feb 2020

    Advances in technologies, together with new opportunities for integrating diverse data sources, are enabling innovative methods of data collection in citizen science projects, but new risks have also emerged as the field evolves.

  • Veterinarian working on computer, photo by Yakobchuk Olena/Adobe Stock

    Quality improvement in the veterinary sector

    29 Jan 2020

    Although quality improvement is not yet embedded into day-to-day work across the sector, the basic framework to support QI implementation is already in place, and those working in animal health care generally agree that it is desirable.

  • Brexit strategy concept with pawns, photo by Pixelbliss/Adobe Stock

    Economic implications of prolonged Brexit uncertainty

    28 Jan 2020

    Despite an approved withdrawal agreement, the UK economy could falter by £16.2 billion within a decade of Brexit as a result of uncertainty about the final destiny of the UK-EU trade and economic relationship.

  • A doctor with lightbulb in hand, symbolizing an innovative idea, photo by natali_mis/Adobe Stock

    Innovation for improved NHS healthcare

    27 Jan 2020

    The UK's NHS is under pressure to meet the growing and changing demand for services with limited resources. Innovations may provide opportunities to respond creatively and effectively to growing health demands.

  • Rotterdam skyline, photo by mihaiulia/Getty Images

    Economy and national security in the Netherlands

    14 Jan 2020

    Researchers developed insights into the relationships between the economy and national security, focusing in particular on the characteristics and performance of the economy of the Netherlands and the consequences this may have for its national security.

  • Pregnant woman visiting doctor for checkup, photo by Halfpoint/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the UK's pregnancy research needs and priorities

    14 Jan 2020

    A review of the research needs and expenditure on pregnancy in the UK found that £51 million is invested in pregnancy research each year. By contrast, the NHS spends £5.8 billion on pregnancy-related care each year and in 2018/19 litigation claims totalled £2.5 billion.

  • mosquito sucking blood

    Economic benefits of malaria control

    09 Jan 2020

    Investing in malaria vaccination for children in sub-Saharan Africa not only helps in reducing malaria cases and deaths, it could also have long term macroeconomic benefits according to an economic model researchers developed.

  • Psychologist interviewing depressed patient during therapy, photo by Photographee.eu/Adobe Stock

    Youth justice practitioners' experiences and perceptions of AssetPlus

    19 Dec 2019

    An evaluation of the Youth Justice Board's AssetPlus programme found that practitioners liked the ideas underpinning the programme but felt that not all potential benefits were fully being realised. The evaluators suggested several areas for improvement.

  • Abstract globe with blue lights and networks, photo by imaginima/Getty Images

    Measuring migration using big data

    12 Dec 2019

    Social media data may help decisionmakers to 'nowcast' migration flows and stocks of migrants. A team of researchers attempted to develop a method of measuring real-time mobility and migration. The results of the study were promising.

  • Preschool teacher and student in classroom

    Developing the OECD TALIS Starting Strong Survey

    12 Dec 2019

    RAND Europe led the development of a survey for the OECD which aimed to fill key international and national data gaps on Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) staff, their professional development, pedagogical practices, the ECEC environment and the impact that staff can have on children in their care.