Drugs, Policing & Criminal Justice

RAND Europe’s expert researchers work across international, European and national boundaries to support law enforcement, develop policies to reduce the use of drugs and growth of illicit markets, lower the likelihood of reoffending, and more.

Our extensive portfolio in drugs, policing and criminal justice provides evidence-based analysis to inform policymaking in these high-profile and often contested areas.

Featured Research

Selected Research

  • Futuristic digital business cryptocurrency candle chart, illustration by Eduard Muzhevskyi/Adobe Stock

    Exploring the criminal use of Zcash and cryptocurrencies

    While most transactions made with virtual coins are legitimate, cryptocurrencies have also been used for criminal purposes. Researchers found no evidence of widespread illicit use of Zcash, but that may be because malicious users do not fully understand its operating model.

  • A pack of banknotes in hand with a face value of five hundred euros, photo by Evgeny Savchenko/Adobe Stock.

    Assessing the economic value of illicit markets in the EU

    To help policymakers address the infiltration of the economy by serious and organised crime, researchers are analysing the economic value of illicit markets in the EU, alongside the factors which enable organised crime groups to access these criminal finances.

  • Hand raised to stop violence, photo by artit/Adobe Stock

    What factors facilitate witness reporting of intimate partner violence?

    To help European decision-makers improve the level of response to intimate partner violence, RAND Europe and Oxford Research are examining the factors which encourage witnesses of intimate partner violence to report to the police or other relevant authorities.

  • Entry and crest of the Westminster Magistrates' Court

    Evaluating Sentencing Council guidelines for drug and theft offences

    At the request of the Sentencing Council, researchers assessed whether sentencing guidelines for specific drug and theft offences in England and Wales have an impact on sentencing outcomes and whether there are any issues with their implementation.

  • Young man drawing on canvas, photo by pressmaster/Adobe Stock

    Toolkit measures intermediate outcomes to reduce reoffending

    For most people, desistance from crime is a process, rather an event. Researchers produced a user-friendly questionnaire that can be used by those working with offenders to capture ‘intermediate outcomes’ — indicators of positive changes which may signal progress towards an offence-free future.

  • Filter cigarettes on a heap of loose tobacco, Photo by Maren Winter info@maren-winter.de/Adobe Stock

    Identifying an approach to measure the illicit market for tobacco

    Researchers are exploring how the illicit market for tobacco is currently measured, what data sources are available, and what additional data could improve the method. Their goal is to develop an independent methodology to measure the illicit market for tobacco.

  • Businessman and businesswoman discussing hanging paperwork in office

    Developing tools to assess research evidence for policymakers and practitioners

    Researchers developed recommendations for the College of Policing and the Education Endowment Foundation on how to assess evidence from research studies and make evidence-informed recommendations for practitioners and policymakers.

  • Reducing violent and antisocial behaviour at football events

    To help Qatar prepare for upcoming sporting events, researchers examined the nature of, and the factors associated with, antisocial and violent behaviour at football matches and how effective existing approaches are in preventing and responding to these behaviours.