Drugs, Policing & Criminal Justice

RAND Europe’s expert researchers work across international, European and national boundaries to support law enforcement, develop policies to reduce the use of drugs and growth of illicit markets, lower the likelihood of reoffending, and more.

Our extensive portfolio in drugs, policing and criminal justice provides evidence-based analysis to inform policymaking in these high-profile and often contested areas.

Featured Research

  • Using Ambulance Data to Understand Violent Crime

    A review of three years' worth of regional ambulance and police reports found that more than two-thirds of ambulance call-outs were not found in police data. Ambulance data is collected automatically and sharing it would be easily scalable.

Selected Research

  • Dark Web Enables Illegal Arms Trade in Europe

    20 Jul 2017

    The dark web is an enabler for the circulation of illegal weapons already on the black market, as well as a potential source of diversion for legally owned weapons. Although the arms trade is small in volume compared to other products trafficked online, its potential impact on international security is significant.

  • Comparing Criminal History Information Systems across Six Countries

    20 Apr 2017

    A comparison of the development and use of criminal history databases in Australia, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom may provide insights into accuracy, quality, timeliness, accessibility and integration that could lead to improvements in the US system, and possibly others.

  • EU Should Renew Current Action Plan on Drugs

    15 Mar 2017

    To ensure that the objectives of the EU Drugs Strategy are achieved by 2020, the European Commission should renew its EU Action Plan on Drugs for the period 2017–2020 and continue to translate the current plan's high-level objectives into concrete action.

  • Stop and Search Training Pilot Generally Well Received

    27 Oct 2016

    Officers who received the pilot stop and search training introduced by the UK College of Policing were mostly positive about the course. Changes in communication practices could improve the new training programme as it is rolled out nationally.

  • Alternatives to Coercive Sanctions Show Promise for Drug Law Offences and Drug-Related Crime

    12 Sep 2016

    Alternatives to coercive sanctions (ACS) seems reduce drug use and reoffending, but the evidence is equivocal and some features could make ACS more effective. Also, several common barriers prevent the use of ACS in a number of EU member states.

  • Scams Team Helps Fraud Victims

    31 Aug 2016

    A review of the National Trading Standards Scams Team pilot finds that it delivers significant value for money, saving up to £27 per £1 invested by identifying victims of mass marketing fraud and reducing future victimisation.

  • Online Drugs Trade Growing but Still Dwarfed by Traditional Markets

    05 Aug 2016

    Illegal drug transactions on cryptomarkets have tripled since 2013, with revenues doubling. But at $12-21 (€10.5-18.5) million a month, this is clearly a niche market compared to the traditional offline market, estimated at $2.3 (€2) billion a month in Europe alone.

  • Evaluating Offender Liaison and Diversion Trial Schemes

    13 Jul 2016

    Researchers evaluated a new model of liaison and diversion (L&D) schemes, which aim to improve early identification of a range of health vulnerabilities among people passing through the UK youth or adult criminal justice system.