Employment, Social Inclusion, Population and Migration

European countries face challenges in delivering sustainable and inclusive economic growth. RAND Europe's research helps by examining how workforce and skills develop to match demand for labour; how employment policies secure labour market participation; how social policies protect the most vulnerable and enable their contribution to society; and how population dynamics and migration interact shaping societies we live in.

We use our interdisciplinary and international research, analysis, and advice in all phases of the public policy cycle, from informing policy options through to impact evaluation.

Featured Research

  • British money surrounded by pills, tablets and capsules

    Exploring NHS and Social Care Funding Options

    Research on different health and social care funding models assessed the popularity of different funding approaches among the UK public. Previous research examined other countries' funding schemes and found there is no single, commonly preferred solution to achieving sustainable revenues.

Selected Research

  • Shoes and arrows pointing in different directions on asphalt floor, photo by Delphine Poggianti/Adobe Stock

    Scenarios help explore the future of education and youth in the EU

    Researchers developed a set of scenarios to explore the future of education and youth in the EU, and found that personalised learning policies could be helpful across all scenarios if funded sufficiently and targeted appropriately. Supporting and reinforcing the teaching profession is also key.

  • Smiling employees having meal in office lunchroom, photo by WavebreakMediaMicro/Adobe Stock

    Britain's Healthiest Workplace survey findings

    Absence and presenteeism accounts for an average of 38 days' lost productivity per employee per year, marking an upward trend in lost productivity since 2014, when the number was only 23 days.

  • Embassy of the Netherlands in Maputo, photo by Jcornelius/CC BY-SA 3.0

    International comparison of consular services

    To help the Dutch government identify best practices for consular services, researchers compared the the support different countries provide to their citizens abroad. The insights may help the Netherlands identify innovative practices, procedures and ways of organising their consular services.

  • Innovation and communication-focused society concept, photo by Hurca!/Adobe Stock

    How technology may change services sectors

    Researchers explored how 'game-changing' tech like robotics, autonomous transport, blockchain, virtual and augmented reality, and wearable devices will impact the EU's services sectors, and their wider socio-economic implications.

  • Seven business people holding white cards with letters to assemble the word SUPPORT, photo by Gaj Rudolf/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating IPS Grow

    An evaluation of IPS Grow will assess the initiative in different contexts in which individual placement and support services are implemented, to determine whether IPS Grow leads to better quality provision, better quality provision leads to better outcomes, and IPS Grow leads to better data.

  • Global technology, innovation, and growth concept drawing

    Econometric modelling support links research and innovation to jobs and growth

    RAND Europe researchers assessed research and innovation reforms in EU countries to improve the modelling of policy impacts within the European Commission's QUEST III macroeconomic model.

  • A female construction worker learns to use a builder's level

    Cambridge skills shortages

    An examination of skills shortages in the Cambridge–Peterborough regional labour pool found the share of hard-to-fill vacancies for professionals is much higher than nationally, but there is also a shortage of people with skills in low-level roles. One recommended solution is for employers to provide more training to upskill the local workforce.

  • Young nursing staff in an NHS hospital corridor

    Measuring employee engagement in the NHS

    Analysis of the NHS Healthy Workforce Survey and VitalityHealth’s Britain’s Healthiest Workplace survey found that staff engagement in the NHS is similar to other large UK employers with a similar demographic composition, and that demographic factors such as gender and age are associated with different levels of engagement.