Employment, Social Inclusion, Population and Migration

European countries face challenges in delivering sustainable and inclusive economic growth. RAND Europe's research helps by examining how workforce and skills develop to match demand for labour; how employment policies secure labour market participation; how social policies protect the most vulnerable and enable their contribution to society; and how population dynamics and migration interact shaping societies we live in.

We use our interdisciplinary and international research, analysis, and advice in all phases of the public policy cycle, from informing policy options through to impact evaluation.

Featured Research

  • Equal pay for equal work and the gender pay gap

    The European Parliament is exploring legislation around pay-transparency measures. Such measures have a clear potential to address unjustified or discriminatory wage gaps, but certain disadvantages need to be considered in implementing them.

Selected Research

  • Shoes and arrows pointing in different directions on asphalt floor, photo by Delphine Poggianti/Adobe Stock

    Scenarios help explore the future of education and youth in the EU

    Researchers developed a set of scenarios to explore the future of education and youth in the EU, and found that personalised learning policies could be helpful across all scenarios if funded sufficiently and targeted appropriately. Supporting and reinforcing the teaching profession is also key.

  • Wien Westbahnhof railway station on 5 September 2015: migrants on their way to Germany

    Migration

    At a time when migration policy is the subject of particular political and public attention, RAND Europe's ongoing work to evaluate the impact of grant-giving to civil society advocacy organisations working in the migration field has particular relevance.

  • Elderly patient waiting for a doctor in hospital, photo by pongmoji/Adobe Stock

    How, and how much, do migrants use UK health services?

    Recent arrivals to the UK use the NHS significantly less than the UK-born population, though the difference narrows when adjusted for age and self-assessed health. However, more work is needed to provide insights to policy makers on migrant use of the NHS, their health needs, and the quality of health care received.

  • A pack of banknotes in hand with a face value of five hundred euros, photo by Evgeny Savchenko/Adobe Stock.

    Assessing the economic value of illicit markets in the EU

    To help policymakers address the infiltration of the economy by serious and organised crime, researchers are analysing the economic value of illicit markets in the EU, alongside the factors which enable organised crime groups to access these criminal finances.

  • Careers advisor meeting female university student, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Examining the quality of career guidance in Cambridgeshire

    Through an online survey of all secondary schools and colleges in the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough, interviews with providers of careers advice services, and cross-analysis, researchers are aiming to gain a better understanding of the current landscape of career guidance provision

  • Smiling employees having meal in office lunchroom, photo by WavebreakMediaMicro/Adobe Stock

    Britain's Healthiest Workplace survey findings

    Absence and presenteeism accounts for an average of 38 days' lost productivity per employee per year, marking an upward trend in lost productivity since 2014, when the number was only 23 days.

  • Embassy of the Netherlands in Maputo, photo by Jcornelius/CC BY-SA 3.0

    International comparison of consular services

    To help the Dutch government identify best practices for consular services, researchers compared the the support different countries provide to their citizens abroad. The insights may help the Netherlands identify innovative practices, procedures and ways of organising their consular services.

  • British money surrounded by pills, tablets and capsules

    Exploring NHS and Social Care Funding Options

    Research on different health and social care funding models assessed the popularity of different funding approaches among the UK public. Previous research examined other countries' funding schemes and found there is no single, commonly preferred solution to achieving sustainable revenues.