Wien Westbahnhof railway station on 5 September 2015: migrants on their way to Germany

RAND Europe Focus on Migration

Photo by Bwag/CC BY-SA 4.0

Wien Westbahnhof railway station on 5 September 2015: migrants on their way to Germany

Conflicts in the Middle East and Africa have triggered one of the biggest humanitarian crises in recent years. As a result, the EU expects three million migrants to enter Europe by the end of 2016. EU-wide debates on migration have polarised public opinion and loosened solidarity between national governments. This has led some EU member states to impose a temporary closure of their borders.

Meanwhile, the free movement of people within the EU has been an issue position for the UK in its renegotiations with the EU, and is likely to be one of the most debated issues in the run-up to the referendum, taking place on 23rd June 2016, which will decide whether the UK will stay or leave the EU.

RAND Europe’s research has provided evidence to support policy and decision making on a number of aspects involving migration and integration. Within Europe, our work has looked at EU citizens migrating to work within other member states and at the impacts of migration to the UK from outside of Europe. Outside of Europe, recent work for UNICEF has aimed to inform international agencies in their efforts to help Syrian refugees as they transition to lives in new host countries.

At a time when migration policy is the subject of particular political and public attention, our ongoing work to evaluate the impact of grant-giving to civil society advocacy organisations working in the migration field has particular relevance.

Opportunities & Challenges for Including Migrants

RAND Europe investigated the challenges and opportunities for the economic and social inclusion of migrant EU workers in Leeds, UK. The majority of EU migrants living in Leeds came to the UK for economic reasons: to find jobs on the local labour market. Social benefits and services had no influence on their decision to move.

The study highlighted the economic benefits that EU migrants bring to the local economy through filling job vacancies and creating new businesses and jobs. However, when EU migrants are employed in jobs below their skills level this can create tensions with low-skilled British workers.

  • Man watching subway train go past

    Examining the Socioeconomic Inclusion of Migrant EU Workers

    RAND Europe and Ecorys examined the challenges and opportunities of the socioeconomic inclusion of migrant EU workers and their families at local level. The research provides the European Commission with information on these challenges and opportunities within the framework of EU regulations on the coordination of social security systems.

Educating Syrian Refugee Children

RAND Europe evaluated UNICEF’s Emergency Education Response programme for Syrian children living as refugees in Jordan. Despite considerable efforts from aid agencies and the government of Jordan, 97,000 Syrian children—41 per cent of the local refugee children population— do not receive formal education. An additional 35,000 Syrian and Jordanian children attend alternative education programmes established by Jordan, UNICEF and other organisations, but these alternatives vary in quality and often do not meet the educational needs of children. RAND Europe highlighted a series of recommendations on how to best respond to the educational needs of children who are victims of the Syrian crisis.

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    Next Steps for UNICEF's Emergency Education Response Programme in Jordan

    29 Sep 2016

    An evaluation recommends that UN agencies, donors, partners, and the Jordanian government develop and implement a strategy to manage the influx and education of child refugees. Jordanian and refugee children both will benefit from expanding the Jordanian education system's safety, quality and performance.

Helping Improve NGO Support for Migrants in the EU

RAND Europe conducted an external evaluation of the European Programme on Integration and Migration (EPIM), a collaborative initiative of 12 European foundations created in 2005, which awards grants to initiatives focusing on addressing different aspects of migration across Europe and beyond. The evaluation of the latest phase, EPIM 2012-2015, attempts to understand the programme’s achievements and impacts during the past three years, with these lessons aiming to help its development in the future.

  • diverse group of people

    Evaluating the Impact of the European Programme for Integration and Migration

    The European Programme for Integration and Migration (EPIM) is a €3 million collaborative initiative of 12 major foundations to improve integration of and outcomes for migrants in Europe through advocacy, capacity-building and policy change. EPIM had RAND Europe evaluate the achievements and impacts of their work in 2012-2015, to ensure accountability and enable learning that can be acted on during the course of the programme.

Do Migrants Increase Transport Congestion in the UK?

In 2012, RAND Europe was commissioned by the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) to collate evidence on how migration is likely to impact transport networks and congestion. The study found that migrants’ travel behaviour differed from the native UK population, with a greater percentage of migrants using non-car driving modes of travel compared to the UK native population. Annually, migrants were found to make more trips for commuting, but fewer trips in total, when compared to UK nationals. While migrants did impose a cost on society through using the transport network, their impact per head is lower than that of the average UK national, as they tend to drive less and make fewer trips overall.

  • London double decker buses

    How Will Migration Impact UK Transport and Congestion?

    The UK Migration Advisory Committee commissioned RAND Europe to collate evidence on how migration is likely to impact transport networks. Our analysis finds that migrants tend to live in metropolitan areas and make transport choices strongly in favour of public transport, walking, cycling, and car-sharing when they first arrive in the UK; over time, however, their behaviour becomes more similar to the native population. The report also provides monetised estimates of migrants’ transport impacts.

Civil Society Support for Migrants in Ireland

In 2012, Atlantic Philanthropies, a charity that supports organisations in Ireland and Europe that work on protection, immigration and integration issues, commissioned RAND Europe to undertake an evaluation of their migration programme. Examining Atlantic’s approach to working with other organisations on migration, it was found that there is great potential for civil society organisations to play a more active role in migration, both on a national and EU level. This approach would be particularly appropriate for EU countries experiencing high level of migration, as the collaboration with other parties would help governments to improve the lives of migrants.

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    Migration Programme for Ireland Had Positive Impacts

    An evaluation of The Atlantic Philanthropies' Migration Programme for Ireland found that the efforts funded by the programme's grants resulted in a more robust and professional network of organisations working more strategically and collaboratively to achieve a common goal of improving the lives of migrants in Ireland.