Social Inclusion, Gender and Equality

Our analysis helps policymakers improve their understanding of pressing social issues, so they can design better social safety nets and policy interventions.

Research, commentary, and events

  • Woman sitting beside window at home, photo by SimonSkafar/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Domestic Violence Support Staff Need More Help

    15 Mar 2021

    During the first wave of COVID-19 lockdowns, European Union states had a 60 percent increase in emergency calls about intimate-partner violence. Amid a protracted second wave that has led to further lockdowns, it may not be too late to provide the funding and legislative changes necessary to ensure domestic violence service providers can offer crucial support.

  • Hands of women and a child on opposite sides of window pane,  photo by Jevanto Productions/Adobe Stock

    Project

    Examining COVID-19 and intimate partner violence

    08 Mar 2021

    Researchers identified 27 practices that—to varying degrees—have ensured the continuity, accessibility and sustainability of support to women victims during the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Overlapping silhouettes of hands in a watercolour , photo by smartboy10/Getty Images

    Project

    Examining child participation in EU political and democratic life

    22 Feb 2021

    An examination of how children participate in decision-making processes across the EU — including at the member state and local level — highlights both challenges and opportunities for improvement. The most successful schemes to promote children’s participation are inclusive, impactful and child-led, but societal views and attitudes can present barriers.

  • Dad feeding baby while working from home on laptop computer at dining room table, photo by Inti St. Clair/Adobe Stock

    Journal Article

    Developments in Child and Family Policy in the EU in 2019

    01 Dec 2020

    This third annual trend report outlines and summarises new policy developments in the area of child and family policy in the 27 EU member states and the UK during 2019. The report provides information on key trends that took place in relation to the provision of early childhood education and care, family leave and actions to improve work-life balance, social and income support for families, and children's right to participation.

  • Officer speaking with prisoner behind bars, photo by Rawpixel/Getty Images

    Commentary

    How Better Support Can Be Provided to Ex–Service Personnel in the Criminal Justice System

    30 Nov 2020

    Former armed forces personnel make up the UK's largest group of male prisoners by occupation. What can police and government do to provide targeted support in the criminal justice system to those from a military background?

  • Mother holding baby and working at her computer, photo by Burlingham/Adobe Stock

    Project

    Incentivising parents to return to the labour market after parental leave

    25 Nov 2020

    Employers in the EU have a wide range of options to incentivise parents of young children to return to work. Government policies addressing the unequal distribution of unpaid (care) work and reducing the gender pay gap would also help increase the employment of mothers.

  • Woman holding another's hands, showing compassion, photo by pressmaster/Adobe Stock

    Project

    Ideas to stimulate and sustain innovation in adult social care provision

    23 Oct 2020

    The demand for adult social care in the UK is rising and will continue to rise, but the supply of such care is struggling to keep up. Innovation in social care can enable more and better care to be delivered more cost-effectively.

  • Older man and woman sitting on a bench at an assisted living community, photo by monkeybusinessimages/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Learning from Existing Novel Approaches to Solving the Adult Social Care Crisis Is Better Than Reinventing the Wheel

    14 Oct 2020

    The growing gap in the UK between the need for social care for older people and the provision of support arises not only from a crisis of funding, but also from a failure to learn from what is already being done well. Closing the gap might be achieved by learning from creative approaches already being tried and then implementing them.

  • Social worker with adult patient and a dog, photo by M.Dörr & M.Frommherz/Adobe Stock

    Journal Article

    Identifying innovations in adult social care and social work

    17 Sep 2020

    Researchers identified 158 innovations for potential evaluation and held a workshop with 23 stakeholders to prioritise a shortlist of top innovations to evaluate in adult social care and social work.

  • A women walks past an employment agency in London, June 16, 2020, photo by John Sibley/Reuters

    Commentary

    Long-Term Furloughs During COVID-19 Hold Risks for Employee Health and Well-Being

    15 Jun 2020

    Governments around the world have offered furlough schemes to try to delay employers from making any restructuring decisions during the pandemic. The aims of such programs are laudable. But they may come with unintended consequences.

  • Project

    Equal pay for equal work and the gender pay gap

    06 Mar 2020

    The European Parliament is exploring legislation around pay-transparency measures. Such measures have a clear potential to address unjustified or discriminatory wage gaps, but certain disadvantages need to be considered in implementing them.

  • British money surrounded by pills, tablets and capsules

    Project

    Exploring NHS and Social Care Funding Options

    07 Oct 2019

    Research on different health and social care funding models assessed the popularity of different funding approaches among the UK public. Previous research examined other countries' funding schemes and found there is no single, commonly preferred solution to achieving sustainable revenues.

  • Stethoscope on top of UK 20 pound notes, photo by nito/Adobe Stock

    Commentary

    Health Funding—Finally Something We Can Agree On

    21 Feb 2019

    At a time when it has become common to think of the UK as a divided society, there are important questions of policy on which a great many people agree. How to fund the ever-growing needs of the NHS and social care is one such area of agreement.

  • A stethoscope on top of 20-pound Bank of England notes

    Commentary

    Tax Funding of Health and Social Care Internationally: Does Hypothecation Help?

    10 Jul 2018

    The case for raising much more money to pay for health care and social care in the United Kingdom over the next few years is strong. Earmarking taxes for public funding of health care or social care is worth consideration.

  • Little boy playing in a dirty drain trench

    Commentary

    Tackling EU Child Poverty Through a Child Guarantee

    21 May 2018

    Nearly 26.4 percent of children across the EU are experiencing, or are at risk of experiencing, poverty or social exclusion. The proposed Child Guarantee initiative might help address this issue. But it could also be worthwhile to encourage member states to look at funding mechanisms that are already in place.

  • A woman walks past the elderly care department of Ulster Hospital in Belfast, Northern Ireland, June 27, 2017

    Commentary

    New Options for Funding the NHS and Social Care in the UK: What Can We Learn from International Experiences?

    05 Oct 2017

    International experiences show the complexity of policy choices around funding health and social care. What models are most feasible and appropriate to fund the UK's health and social care systems, both among policymakers and the public?

  • Project

    Assessing the Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers as a Development Mechanism

    02 Nov 2016

    Conditional cash transfer programmes (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and programme administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.

  • Grandfather and grandson fishing

    Commentary

    Does Social Spending Hold the Key to Better Health?

    24 May 2016

    Many governments are cutting spending on social welfare programs, such as unemployment benefits, while protecting health care spending. This could actually be negatively affecting population health.

  • Girl holding balloons

    Commentary

    Does Increased Social Spending Lead to Better Population Health?

    11 May 2016

    Research adds further weight to existing evidence that bolstering expenditure on social programmes might give governments and people a better return on their investments in terms of population health.

  • Girl with balloons, walking on beach

    Project

    Better Health Outcomes Are Related to Social Expenditure

    11 May 2016

    Research shows that, across OECD countries, higher levels of social spending are strongly associated with better health, and the association is particularly strong for public social spending. Additionally, the association between social spending and better health strengthens over time.