Research Projects on Health and Care

  • Four hands encircling image of a family, photo by Andrey Popov/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating collaborations between primary care general practices in the UK

    10 Nov 2020

    Primary care networks can help GPs run a wider range of services for their patients and make changes that are needed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. It will be important to have additional clarification and support around the role of primary care networks in the wider NHS in England.

  • Syringes and COVID-19 vaccine ampoule lying on top of US dollars, photo by JYPIX/Adobe Stock

    COVID-19 and the cost of vaccine nationalism

    28 Oct 2020

    Without a vaccine, the worldwide economic impact of COVID-19 could be $3.4 trillion a year. But even when a vaccine is available, an unequal allocation of COVID-19 vaccines could cost the global economy up to $1.2 trillion a year in GDP.

  • UK nurse standing with arms folded, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Estimating the cost of growing the NHS cancer workforce in England by 2029

    13 Oct 2020

    Cancer Research UK asked researchers to help determine how much Health Education England would need to increase its budget in order to meet its ambition of growing the NHS cancer workforce by 45 per cent by 2029. Researchers used workforce and cost data to build a demographic stock-flow model to provide important information about which workforces will require the most significant interventions, as well as the estimated costs.

  • Public health vector illustration, VectorMine/Adobe Stock

    What influences improvement processes in healthcare?

    15 Sep 2020

    Although many healthcare organisations are engaging in activities to improve the quality of healthcare, there are still considerable challenges in doing so. Additional research on quality improvement could help inform a better understanding of how improvements in patient care can be achieved and sustained.

  • Family warming their feet in front of home radiator, photo by Evgen/Adobe Stock

    Heat, energy efficiency, smart technology and health evidence review

    03 Sep 2020

    Researchers found clear evidence concerning the negative health impacts of poor indoor temperature and ventilation. The study also identified that improved heating technologies and measures to increase the energy efficiency of buildings are effective in improving several key aspects of the indoor environment, though evidence on positive health impacts were mixed.

  • Doctor's hand and modern laptop computer with virtual icon diagram, photo by everythingpossible/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the performance of the oncology healthcare system

    27 Aug 2020

    Researchers identified a number of key indicators that can be used to analyse elements of the oncology health system from different perspectives, and then used these indicators to create an overarching scorecard for oncology ecosystem performance.

  • Woman holding another's hands, showing compassion, photo by pressmaster/Adobe Stock

    Transforming social care provision

    12 Aug 2020

    The demand for adult social care in the UK is rising and will continue to rise. But the supply of such care is struggling to keep up. Innovation in social care can enable more and better care to be delivered more cost-effectively.

  • Hands of women and a child on opposite sides of window pane,  photo by Jevanto Productions/Adobe Stock

    Examining COVID-19 and intimate partner violence

    28 Jul 2020

    An increase in intimate partner violence has been a worrying consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic. Researchers are working to identify promising measures for protecting and supporting women victims and their children, both during and in the aftermath of lockdown measures.

  • People sitting together in a discussion

    Evaluating the development of the Q initiative from 2016-2020

    13 Jul 2020

    The Q initiative has established itself as an important resource for quality improvement in health and care, supporting members with skills, new relationships and self-confidence. However, to deliver change at scale there is a need to build on these achievements.

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    Evaluating the closed coffeeshop chain cannabis experiment in the Netherlands

    07 Jul 2020

    Researchers are examining the possible effects of a new experiment to cultivate and deliver quality-controlled cannabis through a closed supply chain for coffeeshops in the Netherlands.

  • How Middle Eastern SMEs are coping with COVID-19

    06 Jul 2020

    A survey of small and medium-sized enterprises in the Middle East and Turkey, targeted particularly at businesses owned by migrants, women and young people, sought to understand the impact of COVID-19 on their work and what can be done to support them during the pandemic.

  • A hospital damaged in an attack on a U.S. military air base in Bagram, north of Kabul, Afghanistan, December 11, 2019, photo by Mohammad Ismail/Reuters

    Examining violence against healthcare

    01 Jul 2020

    RAND Europe explored the nature of violence against healthcare, the impact of this violence, and corresponding interventions on a global scale – the first time an evidence review of this scale has been undertaken in this area.

  • Woman shopping for organic produce in delicatessen, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Consumer behaviours and attitudes to food in the UK

    26 Jun 2020

    The way people buy food is changing, and the sales of ethical and sustainable produce have increased. Eating food from outside the home is increasingly common, and what people consume still falls short of dietary guidelines. The reasons vary, and several policy levers may exist to influence people's food choices.

  • Elderly patient waiting for a doctor in hospital, photo by pongmoji/Adobe Stock

    How, and how much, do migrants use UK health services?

    30 Mar 2020

    Recent arrivals to the UK use the NHS significantly less than the UK-born population, though the difference narrows when adjusted for age and self-assessed health. However, more work is needed to provide insights to policy makers on migrant use of the NHS, their health needs, and the quality of health care received.

  • Female GP working on a computer, photo by sturti/Getty Images

    Improving early cancer diagnosis interventions

    02 Mar 2020

    Explorations of how commissioners of healthcare services and Cancer Alliances in England and Northern Ireland make decisions at a local level are helping to inform Cancer Research UK’s work to support early cancer diagnosis locally, thereby improving cancer outcomes.

  • Veterinarian working on computer, photo by Yakobchuk Olena/Adobe Stock

    Quality improvement in the veterinary sector

    29 Jan 2020

    Although quality improvement is not yet embedded into day-to-day work across the sector, the basic framework to support QI implementation is already in place, and those working in animal health care generally agree that it is desirable.

  • A doctor with lightbulb in hand, symbolizing an innovative idea, photo by natali_mis/Adobe Stock

    Innovation for improved NHS healthcare

    27 Jan 2020

    The UK's NHS is under pressure to meet the growing and changing demand for services with limited resources. Innovations may provide opportunities to respond creatively and effectively to growing health demands.

  • Doctor holds out hands in front of tech screen with 'like' icon, photo by wladimir1804/Adobe Stock

    Assessing the use of new technologies for infectious disease surveillance, prevention and control

    14 Jan 2020

    RAND Europe is providing research and support for the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) for the assessment of new technologies for infectious disease surveillance, prevention and control over the next two years.

  • Pregnant woman visiting doctor for checkup, photo by Halfpoint/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the UK's pregnancy research needs and priorities

    14 Jan 2020

    A review of the research needs and expenditure on pregnancy in the UK found that £51 million is invested in pregnancy research each year. By contrast, the NHS spends £5.8 billion on pregnancy-related care each year and in 2018/19 litigation claims totalled £2.5 billion.

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    Economic benefits of malaria control

    09 Jan 2020

    Investing in malaria vaccination for children in sub-Saharan Africa not only helps in reducing malaria cases and deaths, it could also have long term macroeconomic benefits according to an economic model researchers developed.